Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Vanuatu (2003)

Vanuatu - select year:
VanuatuVanuatu (2001) (compare)
VanuatuVanuatu (2002) (compare)
VanuatuVanuatu (2004) (compare)
VanuatuVanuatu (2005) (compare)
VanuatuVanuatu (2006) (compare)
VanuatuVanuatu (2007) (compare)
VanuatuVanuatu (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Vanuatu 2003 year

Administrative divisions 6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea, Torba
Age structure 0-14 years: 34.8% (male 35,499; female 33,992)

15-64 years: 61.8% (male 63,021; female 60,149)

65 years and over: 3.4% (male 3,605; female 3,148) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, coconuts, fruits, vegetables; fish, beef
Airports 30 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1524 to 2437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 27

914 to 1,523 m: 10

under 914 m: 17 (2002)
Area total: 12,200 sq km

land: 12,200 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes more than 80 islands
Area - comparative slightly larger than Connecticut
Background The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980.
Birth rate 24.26 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $94.4 million

expenditures: $99.8 million, including capital expenditures of $30.4 million (1996 est.)
Capital Port-Vila
Climate tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds
Coastline 2,528 km
Constitution 30 July 1980
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu

conventional short form: Vanuatu

former: New Hebrides
Currency vatu (VUV)
Death rate 8.13 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $68.6 million (2000 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Vanuatu; the ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to Vanuatu
Diplomatic representation in the US Vanuatu does not have an embassy in the US; it does, however, have a Permanent Mission to the UN
Disputes - international Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by Vanuatu and France
Economic aid - recipient $45.8 million (1995)
Economy - overview The economy is based primarily on subsistence or small-scale agriculture, which provides a living for 65% of the population. Fishing, offshore financial services, and tourism, with about 50,000 visitors in 1997, are other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties. Economic development is hindered by dependence on relatively few commodity exports, vulnerability to natural disasters, and long distances from main markets and between constituent islands. A severe earthquake in November 1999 followed by a tsunami, caused extensive damage to the northern island of Pentecote and left thousands homeless. Another powerful earthquake in January 2002 caused extensive damage in the capital, Port-Vila, and surrounding areas, and also was followed by a tsunami. GDP growth rose less than 3% on average in the 1990s. In response to foreign concerns, the government has promised to tighten regulation of its offshore financial center. In mid-2002 the government stepped up efforts to boost tourism. Australia and New Zealand are the main suppliers of foreign aid.
Electricity - consumption 40.42 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 43.46 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m
Environment - current issues a majority of the population does not have access to a potable and reliable supply of water; deforestation
Environment - international agreements party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups indigenous Melanesian 98%, French, Vietnamese, Chinese, other Pacific Islanders
Exchange rates vatu per US dollar - 139.2 (2002), 145.31 (2001), 137.64 (2000), 129.08 (1999), 127.52 (1998)
Executive branch chief of state: President Father John BANI (since 25 March 1999)

head of government: Prime Minister Edward Nipake NATAPEI (since 13 April 2001); Deputy Prime Minister Ham LINI (since NA)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to Parliament

elections: president elected for a four-year term by an electoral college consisting of Parliament and the presidents of the regional councils for a five-year term; election for president last held 25 March 1999 (next to be held NA 2004); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament from among its members; election for prime minister last held 2 August 2002 (next to be held NA 2003)

election results: Father John BANI elected president on second vote (24 March 1999) after the first (17 March 1999) did not have any candidate with the required two-thirds majority; percent of electoral college vote - NA%
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $22 million f.o.b. (2001)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee
Exports - partners India 32.5%, Thailand 22.8%, South Korea 10.5%, Indonesia 6.3%, Japan 4.9% (2002)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle); centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele leaves, all in yellow
GDP purchasing power parity - $563 million (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 26%

industry: 12%

services: 62% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,900 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -0.3% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 16 00 S, 167 00 E
Geography - note a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes
Highways total: 1,070 km

paved: 256 km

unpaved: 814 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $93 million c.i.f. (2001)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels
Imports - partners Australia 22.1%, Japan 19.2%, New Zealand 10.1%, Singapore 8.1%, Fiji 6.6%, Taiwan 5%, India 5% (2002)
Independence 30 July 1980 (from France and UK)
Industrial production growth rate 1% (1997 est.)
Industries food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Infant mortality rate total: 58.11 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 60.76 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 55.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.2% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, NAM, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIBH, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTrO (observer)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, three other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission)
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 65%, services 30%, industry 5% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 2.46%

permanent crops: 7.38%

other: 90.16% (1998 est.)
Languages three official languages: English, French, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama), plus more than 100 local languages
Legal system unified system being created from former dual French and British systems
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament (52 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 2 May 2002 (next to be held NA 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UMP 15, VP 14, VRP 3, MPP 2, other and independent 18; note - political party associations are fluid

note: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of custom and land
Life expectancy at birth total population: 61.71 years

male: 60.28 years

female: 63.21 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 53%

male: 57%

female: 48% (1979 est.)
Location Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

contiguous zone: 24 NM

continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 52 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,181,463 GRT/1,552,813 DWT

ships by type: bulk 26, cargo 5, combination bulk 3, container 3, liquefied gas 2, multi-function large-load carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 7, vehicle carrier 5

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Australia 3, Canada 2, China 1, Japan 25, Monaco 4, Netherlands 1, NZ 5, Panama 1, Poland 1, Switzerland 2, UK 4, US 2, Vietnam 1 (2002 est.)
Military branches no regular military forces; Vanuatu Police Force (VPF; including the paramilitary Mobile Force or VMF)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day, 30 July (1980)
Nationality noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)

adjective: Ni-Vanuatu
Natural hazards tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanism causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis
Natural resources manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Political parties and leaders Jon Frum Movement [Song KEASPAI]; Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE]; National United Party or NUP [Dinh Van THAN]; Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR]; Vanuaaku Party (Our Land Party) or VP [Edward NATAPEI]; Vanuatu Republican Party or VRP [Maxime Carlot KORMAN]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 199,414 (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.61% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Forari, Port-Vila, Santo (Espiritu Santo)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 2, shortwave 1 (2002)
Railways 0 km
Religions Presbyterian 36.7%, Anglican 15%, Roman Catholic 15%, indigenous beliefs 7.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.2%, Church of Christ 3.8%, other 15.7% (including Jon Frum Cargo cult)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.15 male(s)/female

total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 5,500 (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular 310 (2000)
Television broadcast stations 1 (2002)
Terrain mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
Total fertility rate 2.98 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.