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Vanuatu (2005)

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Vanuatu 2005 year

Administrative divisions 6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea, Torba
Age structure 0-14 years: 33.3% (male 35,039/female 33,553)

15-64 years: 63.1% (male 66,311/female 63,502)

65 years and over: 3.6% (male 3,878/female 3,471) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, coconuts, fruits, vegetables; fish, beef
Airports 30 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1524 to 2437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 27

914 to 1,523 m: 10

under 914 m: 17 (2004 est.)
Area total: 12,200 sq km

land: 12,200 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabited
Area - comparative slightly larger than Connecticut
Background The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980.
Birth rate 23.06 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $52.6 million

expenditures: $54.3 million, including capital expenditures of $700,000 (2003 est.)
Capital Port-Vila (Efate)
Climate tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April
Coastline 2,528 km
Constitution 30 July 1980
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu

conventional short form: Vanuatu

former: New Hebrides
Death rate 7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external $83.7 million (2002)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Vanuatu; the ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to Vanuatu
Diplomatic representation in the US Vanuatu does not have an embassy in the US; it does, however, have a Permanent Mission to the UN
Disputes - international Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by Vanuatu and France
Economic aid - recipient $27.5 million (2002)
Economy - overview This South Pacific island economy is based primarily on small-scale agriculture, which provides a living for 65% of the population. Fishing, offshore financial services, and tourism, with about 50,000 visitors in 2004, are other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties. Economic development is hindered by dependence on relatively few commodity exports, vulnerability to natural disasters, and long distances from main markets and between constituent islands. GDP growth rose less than 3% on average in the 1990s. In response to foreign concerns, the government has promised to tighten regulation of its offshore financial center. In mid-2002 the government stepped up efforts to boost tourism. Agriculture, especially livestock farming, is a second target for growth. Australia and New Zealand are the main suppliers of tourists and foreign aid.
Electricity - consumption 45.03 million kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production 48.42 million kWh (2002)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m
Environment - current issues a majority of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water; deforestation
Environment - international agreements party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999 Census)
Exchange rates vatu per US dollar - 111.79 (2004), 122.19 (2003), 139.2 (2002), 145.31 (2001), 137.64 (2000)
Executive branch chief of state: President Kalkot Matas KELEKELE (since 16 August 2004)

head of government: Prime Minister Ham LINI (since 11 December 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Sato KILMAN (since 11 December 2004); Prime Minister Serge VOHOR ousted in no-confidence vote on 11 December 2004

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to Parliament

elections: president elected for a five-year term by an electoral college consisting of Parliament and the presidents of the regional councils; election for president last held 16 August 2004 (next to be held in 2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament from among its members; election for prime minister last held 29 July 2004 (next to be held following general elections in 2008)

election results: Kalkot Matas KELEKELE elected president, with 49 votes out of 56, after several ballots on 16 August 2004
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $26.6 million f.o.b. (2003)
Exports NA
Exports - commodities copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee
Exports - partners Thailand 47%, Malaysia 18.4%, Japan 7.5%, Belgium 5.4%, China 4.9% (2004)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle); centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele leaves, all in yellow
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 26%

industry: 12%

services: 62% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,900 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1.1% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 16 00 S, 167 00 E
Geography - note a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes
Highways total: 1,070 km

paved: 256 km

unpaved: 814 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $138 million c.i.f. (2002)
Imports NA
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels
Imports - partners Taiwan 24%, Australia 16.5%, Japan 11.4%, Singapore 8.5%, New Zealand 7.2%, Fiji 6.3%, US 4.4% (2004)
Independence 30 July 1980 (from France and UK)
Industrial production growth rate 1% (1997 est.)
Industries food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Infant mortality rate total: 55.16 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 57.73 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 52.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.1% (2003 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, PIF, Sparteca, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, three other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission)
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 65%, industry 5%, services 30% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 2.46%

permanent crops: 7.38%

other: 90.16% (2001)
Languages local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)
Legal system unified system being created from former dual French and British systems
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament (52 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 6 July 2004 (next to be held 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UMP 8, VP 8, NUP 10, VRP 4, MPP 3, VGP 3, other and independent 16; note - political party associations are fluid

note: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of culture and language
Life expectancy at birth total population: 62.49 years

male: 61 years

female: 64.05 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 74%

male: NA%

female: NA% (1999 est.)
Location Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Merchant marine total: 52 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,192,474 GRT/1,560,828 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 22, cargo 16, container 1, liquefied gas 2, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 2, vehicle carrier 5

foreign-owned: 52 (Australia 2, Canada 5, Estonia 1, Greece 1, Israel 1, Japan 25, New Zealand 1, Poland 11, Russia 1, Switzerland 2, Thailand 1, United States 1)

registered in other countries: 1 (2005)
Military branches no regular military forces; security forces comprise the Vanuatu Police Force (VPF) and paramilitary Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF), which includes Vanuatu's naval force, known as the Police Maritime Wing (PMW); border security in Vanuatu is the joint responsibility of the Customs and Inland Revenue Service, VPF, VMF, and PMW (2003)
Military expenditures - dollar figure NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day, 30 July (1980)
Nationality noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)

adjective: Ni-Vanuatu
Natural hazards tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanism causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis
Natural resources manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Political parties and leaders Jon Frum Movement [Song KEASPAI]; Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE]; National United Party or NUP [leader NA]; Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR]; Vanua'aku Pati (Our Land Party) or VP [Edward NATAPEI]; Vanuatu Republican Party or VRP [Maxime Carlot KORMAN]; Vanuatu Greens Party or VGP [Moana CARCASSES]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 205,754 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 1.52% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Forari, Port-Vila, Santo (Espiritu Santo)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2004)
Religions Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Roman Catholic 13.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.12 male(s)/female

total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 678; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 6,500 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular 7,800 (2003)
Television broadcast stations 1 (2004)
Terrain mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
Total fertility rate 2.77 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
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