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Tonga (2008)

Tonga - wybierz rok:
TongaTonga (2001) (porownaj)
TongaTonga (2002) (porownaj)
TongaTonga (2003) (porownaj)
TongaTonga (2004) (porownaj)
TongaTonga (2005) (porownaj)
TongaTonga (2006) (porownaj)
TongaTonga (2007) (porownaj)


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Tonga 2008 roku

 Tonga
Podzial administracyjny 3 island groups; Ha'apai, Tongatapu, Vava'u
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 34.6% (male 20,624/female 19,779)


15-64 years: 61.2% (male 35,551/female 36,052)


65 years and over: 4.2% (male 2,087/female 2,828) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo squash, coconuts, copra, bananas, vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee, ginger, black pepper; fish
Lotniska 6 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 5


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 748 sq km


land: 718 sq km


water: 30 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci four times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom w 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy w 1875 and a British protectorate w 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations w 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy w the Pacific.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 23.67 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $56.97 million


expenditures: $83.88 million (FY04/05)
Stolica name: Nuku'alofa


geographic coordinates: 21 08 S, 175 12 W


time difference: UTC+13 (18 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (grudzien to maj), cool season (maj to grudzien)
Linia brzegowa 419 km
Konstytucja 4 listopad 1875; revised 1 styczen 1967
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Tonga


conventional short form: Tonga


local long form: Pule'anga Tonga


local short form: Tonga


former: Friendly Islands
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $80.7 million (2004)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Tonga; the ambassador to Fidzi is accredited to Tonga
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Fekitamoeloa 'UTOIKAMANU


chancery: 250 East 51st Street, New York, NY 10022


telephone: [1] (917) 369-1025


FAX: [1] (917) 369-1024


consulate(s) general: San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $31.75 million (2005)
Ekonomia Tonga has a small, open, South Pacific island economy. It has a narrow export base w agricultural goods. Squash, coconuts, bananas, and vanilla beans are the main crops, and agricultural exports make up two-thirds of total exports. The country must import a high proportion of its food, mainly from Nowa Zelandia. The country remains dependent on external aid and remittances from Tongan communities overseas to offset its trade deficit. Tourism is the second-largest source of hard currency earnings following remittances. The government is emphasizing the development of the private sector, especially the encouragement of investment, and is committing increased funds dla health and education. Tonga has a reasonably sound basic infrastructure and well-developed social services. High unemployment among the young, a continuing upturn w inflation, pressures dla democratic reform, and rising civil service expenditures are major issues facing the government.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 32.55 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 35 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: unnamed location on Kao Island 1,033 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation results as more and more land is being cleared dla agriculture and settlement; some damage to coral reefs from starfish and indiscriminate coral and shell collectors; overhunting threatens native sea turtle populations
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Polynesian, Europeans
Kurs waluty pa'anga per US dollar - NA (2007), 2.0277 (2006), 1.96 (2005), 1.9716 (2004), 2.142 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King George TUPOU V (since 11 wrzesien 2006)


head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Feleti SEVELE (since 11 luty 2006); Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Viliami TANGI (since 16 maj 2006)


cabinet: Cabinet consists of 14 members, 10 appointed by the monarch dla life; four appointed from among the elected members of the Legislative Assembly, including two each from the nobles' and peoples' representatives serving three-year terms


note: there is also a Privy Council that consists of the monarch, the cabinet, and two governors


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the monarch
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $22 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops
Eksport - partnerzy US 39.7%, Japonia 27.8%, NZ 8.2%, South Korea 7.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi red z a bold red cross on a white rectangle w the upper hoist-side corner
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 23%


industry: 27%


services: 50% (FY03/04 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.4% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 20 00 S, 175 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne archipelago of 169 islands (36 inhabited)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $139 million f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 842.3 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Fidzi 30.3%, NZ 27.7%, US 8.2%, Australia 7.5%, Francja 5.7%, UK 4.7% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 4 czerwiec 1970 (from UK protectorate)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1% (2003 est.)
Przemysl tourism, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 11.99 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 10.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 11.1% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the monarch); Court of Appeal (Chief Justice and high court justices from overseas chosen and approved by Privy Council)
Sila robocza 33,910 (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 65%


industry and services: 35% (1997 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 20%


permanent crops: 14.67%


other: 65.33% (2005)
Jezyki Tongan, English
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fale Alea (32 seats - 14 reserved dla cabinet ministers sitting ex officio, nine dla nobles selected by the country's 33 nobles, and nine elected by popular vote; members serve three-year terms)


elections: last held on 21 marzec 2005 (next to be held w 2008)


election results: Peoples Representatives: percent of vote - HRDMT 70%, other 30%; seats - HRDMT 7, independents 2
Zywotnosc total population: 70.12 years


male: 67.6 years


female: 72.76 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: can read and write Tongan and/or English


total population: 98.9%


male: 98.8%


female: 99% (1999 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, archipelago w the South Ocean Spokojny, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to Nowa Zelandia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 14 ships (1000 GRT or over) 58,756 GRT/67,889 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 9, liquefied gas 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger/cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 1


foreign-owned: 3 (Australia 1, Szwajcaria 1, UK 1) (2007)
Wojsko Tonga Defense Services (TDS): Land Force (Royal Guard), Naval Force (includes Royal Marines, Air Wing) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.9% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Emancipation Day, 4 czerwiec (1970)
Narodowosc noun: Tongan(s)


adjective: Tongan
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclones (pazdziernik to kwiecien); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou
Surowce naturalne fish, fertile soil
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy People's Democratic Party [Tesina FUKO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Human Rights and Democracy Movement Tonga or HRDMT [Rev. Simote VEA, chairman]; Public Servant's Association [Finau TUTONE]
Ludnosc 116,921 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 24% (FY03/04)
Przyrost naturalny 1.847% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001)
Religie Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.043 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.986 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.738 male(s)/female


total population: 0.993 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: competition between Tonga Telecommunications Corporation (TCC) and Shoreline Communications Tonga (SCT) is accelerating expansion of telecommunications; SCT recently granted authority to develop high-speed digital service dla telephone, Internet, and television


domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 40 telephones per 100 persons; fully automatic switched network


international: country code - 676; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny) (2004)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 13,700 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 29,900 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu most islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.75 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 13% (FY03/04 est.)
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