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Tadzykistan (2006)

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Tadzykistan 2006 roku

Podzial administracyjny 2 provinces (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and 1 autonomous province* (viloyati mukhtor); Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa), Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon* [Gorno-Badakhshan] (Khorugh), Viloyati Sughd (Khujand)

note: the administrative center name follows w parentheses
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.9% (male 1,396,349/female 1,375,168)

15-64 years: 57.4% (male 2,091,476/female 2,108,889)

65 years and over: 4.8% (male 154,162/female 194,771) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 40 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 17

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 4

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 3 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 23

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 22 (2006)
Terytorium total: 143,100 sq km

land: 142,700 sq km

water: 400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Tlo historyczne The Tajik people came under Rosjan rule w the 1860s and 1870s, but Rosja's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Tadzykistan became independent w 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and it is now w the process of strengthening its democracy and transitioning to a free market economy after its 1992-1997 civil war. There have been no major security incidents w recent years, although the country remains the poorest w the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community w the wake of the war w Afganistan has brought increased economic development assistance, which could create jobs and increase stability w the long term. Tadzykistan is w the early stages of seeking Swiat Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership dla Peace.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 32.65 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $442.3 million

expenditures: $542.6 million; including capital expenditures of $86 million (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Dushanbe

geographic coordinates: 38 35 N, 68 48 E

time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar w Pamir Mountains
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 6 listopad 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Tadzykistan

conventional short form: Tadzykistan

local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston

local short form: Tojikiston

former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.25 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $888 million (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Tracey Ann JACOBSON

embassy: 109-A Ismoili Somoni Ave., Dushanbe 734003

mailing address: 7090 Dushanbe Place, Dulles, VA 20189

telephone: [992] (37) 229-20-00

FAX: [992] (37) 229-20-50
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Khamrokhon ZARIPOV

chancery: 1005 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037

telephone: [1] (202) 223-6090

FAX: [1] (202) 223-6091
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje boundary agreements signed w 2002 cede 1,000 sq km of Pamir Mountain range to Chiny w return dla Chiny relinquishing claims to 28,000 sq km of Tadzykistani lands, but neither state has published maps of ceded areas and demarcation has not yet commenced; talks continue z Uzbekistan to delimit border and remove minefields; disputes w Isfara Valley delay delimitation z Kirgistan
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $67 million from US (2005)
Ekonomia Tadzykistan has one of the lowest per capita Produkt krajowy bruttos among the 15 former Soviet republics. Only 6% of the land area is arable; cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited w amount, include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly w light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline w industrial and agricultural production. Even though 64% of its people continue to live w abject poverty, Tadzykistan has experienced steady economic growth since 1997, but experienced a slight drop w its growth rate to 8% w 2005 from 10.6% w 2004. Continued privatization of medium and large state-owned enterprises would further increase productivity. Tadzykistan's economic situation, however, remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, widespread unemployment, and the external debt burden. A debt restructuring agreement was reached z Rosja w grudzien 2002, including a $250 million write-off of Tadzykistan's $300 million debt to Rosja. Tadzykistan ranks third w the world w terms of water resources per head. A proposed investment to finish the hydropower dams Rogun and Sangtuda would substantially add to electricity production. If finished, Rogun will be the world's tallest dam.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 15.05 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 3.874 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 4.81 billion kWh (2004)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 16.5 billion kWh (2004)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m

highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Rosjan 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty Tadzykistani somoni per US dollar - 3.1166 (2005), 2.9705 (2004), 3.0614 (2003), 2.7641 (2002), 2.3722 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Emomali RAHMONOV (since 6 listopad 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 listopad 1992)

head of government: Prime Minister Oqil OQILOV (since 20 styczen 1999)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a seven-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 6 listopad 2006 (next to be held listopad 2013); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Emomali RAHMONOV reelected president; percent of vote - Emomali RAHMONOV 76.4%, Olimzon BOBOYEV 7.2%, other 16.4%
Eksport 3.874 billion kWh (2003)
Eksport $950 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2004 est.)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Holandia 46.6%, Turcja 15.8%, Rosja 9.1%, Uzbekistan 7.3%, Lotwa 4.9%, Iran 4% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located w the center of the white stripe
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 23.4%

industry: 28.6%

services: 48% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.7% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 39 00 N, 71 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range w the north and the Pamirs w the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain w the former USSR
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.2%

highest 10%: 25.2% (1998)
Narkotyki major transit country dla Afghan narcotics bound dla Rosjan and, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of opium poppy dla domestic consumption; Tadzykistan seizes roughly 80% of all drugs captured w Central Asia and stands third worldwide w seizures of opiates (heroin and raw opium)
Import 4.81 billion kWh (2004)
Import $1.25 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Import 1.4 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Rosja 19.3%, Kazachstan 12.7%, Uzbekistan 11.5%, Azerbejdzan 8.6%, Chiny 7%, Ukraina 6.2%, Rumunia 4.6%, Turkmenistan 4% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 9 wrzesien 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8.2% (2002 est.)
Przemysl aluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 106.49 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 117.83 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 94.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 7.1% (2005 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 7,220 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 3.7 million (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 67.2%

industry: 7.5%

services: 25.3% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 3,651 km

border countries: Afganistan 1,206 km, Chiny 414 km, Kirgistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 6.52%

permanent crops: 0.89%

other: 92.59% (2005)
Jezyki Tajik (official), Rosjan widely used w government and business
System prawny based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli consists of the Assembly of Representatives (lower chamber) or Majlisi Namoyandagon (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the National Assembly (upper chamber) or Majlisi Milliy (34 seats; members are indirectly elected, 25 selected by local deputies, 8 appointed by the president; 1 seat reserved dla the former president; all serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 27 luty and 13 marzec 2005 dla the Assembly of Representatives (next to be held luty 2010) and 25 marzec 2005 dla the National Assembly (next to be held luty 2010)

election results: Assembly of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDPT 74.9%, CPT 13.6%, Islamic Revival Party 8.9%, other 2.5%; seats by party - PDPT 51, CPT 5, Islamic Revival Party 2, independents 5; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PDPT 29, CPT 2, independents 3
Zywotnosc total population: 64.94 years

male: 62.03 years

female: 68 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.4%

male: 99.6%

female: 99.1% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central Asia, west of Chiny
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Ground Troops, Air and Air Defense Troops, Mobile Troops (2005)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $35.4 million (FY01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.9% (FY01)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (or National Day), 9 wrzesien (1991)
Narodowosc noun: Tadzykistani(s)

adjective: Tadzykistani
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes and floods
Surowce naturalne hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Rurociagi gas 549 km; oil 38 km (2006)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Agrarian Party of Tadzykistan or APT [Amir KARAKULOV]; Democratic Party or DPT [Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV]; Islamic Revival Party [Said Abdullo NURI]; Party of Economic Reform or PER [Olimjon BOBOYEV]; People's Democratic Party of Tadzykistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMONOV]; Social Democratic Party or SDPT [Rahmatullo ZOYIROV]; Socialist Party or SPT [Abdualim GHAFFOROV]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow unregistered political parties: Agrarian Party [Hikmatullo NASREDDINOV]; Party of Justice [Abdurahim KARIMOV]; People's Unity Party [Abdumalik ABDULLOJONOV]; Progressive Party [Sulton QUVVATOV]; Socialist Party [Mirhuseyn NAZRIYEV]; note - this is the SPT that was disbanded, another pro-government SPT (listed above under political parties) replaced it; Unity Party [Hikmatullo SAIDOV]
Ludnosc 7,320,815 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 64% (2004 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.19% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 10, shortwave 2 (2002)
Linie kolejowe total: 482 km

broad gauge: 482 km 1.520-m gauge (2005)
Religie Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: poorly developed and not well maintained; many towns are not linked to the national network

domestic: cable and microwave radio relay

international: country code - 992; linked by cable and microwave radio relay to other CIS republics and by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; Dushanbe linked by Intelsat to international gateway switch w Ankara (Turcja); satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita and 2 Intelsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 245,200 (2004)
Telefony komorkowe 265,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley w north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys w southwest
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 12% (2004 est.)
Drogi wodne 200 km (along Vakhsh River) (2006)
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