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Szwecja (2008)

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Szwecja 2008 roku

 Szwecja
Podzial administracyjny 21 counties (lan, singular and plural); Blekinge, Dalarnas, Gavleborgs, Gotlands, Hallands, Jamtlands, Jonkopings, Kalmar, Kronobergs, Norrbottens, Orebro, Ostergotlands, Skane, Sodermanlands, Stockholms, Uppsala, Varmlands, Vasterbottens, Vasternorrlands, Vastmanlands, Vastra Gotalands
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 16.4% (male 759,488/female 717,812)


15-64 years: 65.7% (male 3,007,899/female 2,926,220)


65 years and over: 17.9% (male 707,687/female 911,982) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk
Lotniska 250 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 152


over 3,047 m: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 12


1,524 to 2,437 m: 75


914 to 1,523 m: 24


under 914 m: 38 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 98


914 to 1,523 m: 6


under 914 m: 92 (2007)
Terytorium total: 449,964 sq km


land: 410,934 sq km


water: 39,030 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than California
Tlo historyczne A military power during the 17th century, Szwecja has not participated w any war w almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved w both Swiat Wars. Szwecja's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded z substantial welfare elements was challenged w the 1990s by high unemployment and w 2000-02 by the global economic downturn, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Szwecja joined the EU w 1995, but the public rejected the introduction of the euro w a 2003 referendum.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.2 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $241.2 billion


expenditures: $229.1 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Stockholm


geographic coordinates: 59 20 N, 18 03 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate w south z cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic w north
Linia brzegowa 3,218 km
Konstytucja 1 styczen 1975
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Szwecja


conventional short form: Szwecja


local long form: Konungariket Sverige


local short form: Sverige
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.27 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $598.2 billion (30 czerwiec 2006)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Michael M. WOOD


embassy: Dag Hammarskjolds Vag 31, SE-11589 Stockholm


mailing address: American Embassy Stockholm, US Department of State, 5750 Stockholm Place, Washington, DC 20521-5750


telephone: [46] (08) 783 53 00


FAX: [46] (08) 661 19 64
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jonas HAFSTROM


chancery: 2900 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20007


telephone: [1] (202) 467-2600


FAX: [1] (202) 467-2699


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $1.7 billion (1997)
Ekonomia Aided by peace and neutrality dla the whole of the 20th century, Szwecja has achieved an enviable standard of living under a mixed system of high-tech capitalism and extensive welfare benefits. It has a modern distribution system, excellent internal and external communications, and a skilled labor force. Timber, hydropower, and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Privately owned firms account dla about 90% of industrial output, of which the engineering sector accounts dla 50% of output and exports. Agriculture accounts dla only 1% of Produkt krajowy brutto and 2% of employment. Szwecja is w the midst of a sustained economic upswing, boosted by increased domestic demand and strong exports. This and robust finances have offered the center-right government considerable scope to implement its reform program aimed at increasing employment, reducing welfare dependence, and streamlining the state's role w the economy. The govenment plans to sell $31 billion w state assets during the next three years to further stimulate growth and raise revenue to pay down the federal debt. In wrzesien 2003, Swedish voters turned down entry into the euro system concerned about the impact on the economy and sovereignty.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 134.1 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 21.97 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 14.58 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 153.2 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad -2.41 m


highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy acid rain damage to soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne indigenous population: Swedes z Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
Kurs waluty Swedish kronor per US dollar - 6.7629 (2007), 7.3731 (2006), 7.4731 (2005), 7.3489 (2004), 8.0863 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King CARL XVI GUSTAF (since 19 wrzesien 1973); Heir Apparent Princess VICTORIA Ingrid Alice Desiree, daughter of the monarch (born 14 lipiec 1977)


head of government: Prime Minister Fredrik REINFELDT (since 5 pazdziernik 2006)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister


elections: the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the prime minister is elected by the parliament; election last held on 17 wrzesien 2006 (next to be held w wrzesien 2010)


election results: Fredrik REINFELDT elected prime minister z 175 out of 349 votes
Eksport 21.97 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $176.5 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 231,100 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 9.8%, US 9.3%, Norwegia 9.2%, UK 7.1%, Dania 6.9%, Finlandia 6%, Francja 4.9%, Holandia 4.7%, Belgia 4.5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi blue z a golden yellow cross extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side w the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1.4%


industry: 29.2%


services: 69.4% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.4% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 62 00 N, 15 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.6%


highest 10%: 22.2% (2000)
Import 14.58 billion kWh (2005)
Import $157.2 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 893.9 million cu m (2005)
Import 580,600 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 17.3%, Dania 9.1%, Norwegia 8.2%, UK 6%, Holandia 5.8%, Finlandia 5.7%, Francja 4.6%, Belgia 4.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 6 czerwiec 1523 (Gustav VASA elected king)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4% (2007 est.)
Przemysl iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 2.76 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 2.92 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 2.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURCAT, NAM (guest), NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (observer), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 1,150 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Hogsta Domstolen (judges are appointed by the prime minister and the cabinet)
Sila robocza 4.66 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 2%


industry: 24%


services: 74% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 2,233 km


border countries: Finlandia 614 km, Norwegia 1,619 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.93%


permanent crops: 0.01%


other: 94.06% (2005)
Jezyki Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
System prawny civil law system influenced by customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Riksdag (349 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held on 17 wrzesien 2006 (next to be held w wrzesien 2010)


election results: percent of vote by party - Social Democrats 37.2%, Moderates 27.8%, Center Party 8.3%, Liberal People's Party 8.0%, Christian Democrats 6.9%, Left Party 6.3%, Greens 5.4%; seats by party - Social Democrats 130, Moderates 97, Center Party 29, Liberal People's Party 28, Christian Democrats 24, Left Party 22, Greens 19
Zywotnosc total population: 80.63 years


male: 78.39 years


female: 83 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99%


male: 99%


female: 99% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finlandia and Norwegia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm (adjustments made to return a portion of straits to high seas)


exclusive economic zone: agreed boundaries or midlines


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 194 ships (1000 GRT or over) 3,883,695 GRT/2,451,123 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 7, cargo 23, carrier 1, chemical tanker 49, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 37, petroleum tanker 15, roll on/roll off 35, specialized tanker 3, vehicle carrier 22


foreign-owned: 34 (Dania 4, Finlandia 10, Niemcy 4, Wlochy 7, Japonia 1, Norwegia 5, UK 2, US 1)


registered w other countries: 198 (Antigua i Barbuda 1, Bahamas 5, Barbados 5, Bermudy 15, Kajmany 1, Wyspy Cooka 9, Cypr 2, Dania 4, Finlandia 2, Francja 10, Gibraltar 10, Wyspa Man 3, Wlochy 1, South Korea 2, Liberia 11, Malta 1, Wyspy Marshalla 1, Holandia 27, Antyle Holenderskie 3, Norwegia 31, Panama 9, Portugalia 2, Singapur 17, St Vincent and The Grenadines 2, UK 19, US 5) (2007)
Wojsko Swedish Armed Forces (Forsvarsmakten): Army (Armen), Royal Swedish Navy (Marinen), Swedish Air Force (Svenska Flygvapnet) (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.5% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Swedish Flag Day, 6 czerwiec (1916); National Day, 6 czerwiec (1983)
Narodowosc noun: Swede(s)


adjective: Swedish
Naturalne zagrozenia ice floes w the surrounding waters, especially w the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere z maritime traffic
Surowce naturalne iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 798 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Center Party [Maud OLOFSSON]; Christian Democratic Party [Goran HAGGLUND]; Environment Party the Greens [no formal leader but party spokespersons are Maria WETTERSTRAND and Peter ERIKSSON]; Left Party or V (formerly Communist) [Lars OHLY]; Liberal People's Party [Jan BJORKLUND]; Moderate Party (conservative) [Fredrik REINFELDT]; Social Democratic Party [Mona SAHLIN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 9,031,088 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.159% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 265, shortwave 1 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 11,528 km


standard gauge: 11,528 km 1.435-m gauge (7,527 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Lutheran 87%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.058 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.028 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.776 male(s)/female


total population: 0.982 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed telecommunications infrastructure; ranked among leading countries dla fixed-line, mobile-cellular, Internet and broadband penetration


domestic: coaxial and multiconductor cables carry most of the voice traffic; parallel microwave radio relay systems carry some additional telephone channels


international: country code - 46; submarine cables provide links to other Nordic countries and Europe; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions); note - Szwecja shares the Inmarsat earth station z the other Nordic countries (Dania, Finlandia, Islandia, and Norwegia)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 6.379 million (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 9.087 million (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 169 (plus 1,299 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains w west
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.66 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 4.5% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 2,052 km (2005)
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