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Paragwaj (2008)

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Paragwaj 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 17 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital city*; Alto Paragwaj, Alto Parana, Amambay, Asuncion*, Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes, San Pedro
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.2% (male 1,262,408/female 1,220,809)

15-64 years: 57.7% (male 1,933,559/female 1,915,033)

65 years and over: 5.1% (male 155,660/female 181,617) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber
Lotniska 838 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 13

over 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 5 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 825

1,524 to 2,437 m: 26

914 to 1,523 m: 267

under 914 m: 532 (2007)
Terytorium total: 406,750 sq km

land: 397,300 sq km

water: 9,450 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than California
Tlo historyczne In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paragwaj and Argentyna, Brazylia, and Urugwaj - Paragwaj lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically dla the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Boliwia. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown w 1989, and, despite a marked increase w political infighting w recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 28.77 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.268 billion

expenditures: $2.469 billion (2007)
Stolica name: Asuncion

geographic coordinates: 25 16 S, 57 40 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall w the eastern portions, becoming semiarid w the far west
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja promulgated 20 czerwiec 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Paragwaj

conventional short form: Paragwaj

local long form: Republica del Paragwaj

local short form: Paragwaj
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.54 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.632 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA Ambassador James C. CASON

embassy: 1776 Avenida Mariscal Lopez, Casilla Postal 402, Asuncion

mailing address: Unit 4711, APO AA 34036-0001

telephone: [595] (21) 213-715

FAX: [595] (21) 213-728
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador James SPALDING Hellmers

chancery: 2400 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 483-6960 through 6962

FAX: [1] (202) 234-4508

consulate(s) general: Kansas City, Los Angeles, Miami, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje unruly region at convergence of Argentyna-Brazylia-Paragwaj borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and illegal narcotics trafficking, and fundraising dla extremist organizations
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $51.09 million (2005)
Ekonomia Landlocked Paragwaj has a market economy marked by a large informal sector. This sector features both reexport of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries, as well as the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors. Because of the importance of the informal sector, accurate economic measures are difficult to obtain. A large percentage of the population, especially w rural areas, derives its living from agricultural activity, often on a subsistence basis. On a per capita basis, real income has stagnated at 1980 levels. Most observers attribute Paragwaj's poor economic performance to political uncertainty, corruption, limited progress on structural reform, and deficient infrastructure. The economy rebounded between 2003 and 2007, posting modest growth each year. Growing world demand dla commodities combined z high prices and favorable weather to support Paragwaj's commodity-based export expansion.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 6 billion kWh (2007)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 64 billion kWh (2007)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2007)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 70 billion kWh (2007)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: junction of Rio Paragwaj and Rio Parana 46 m

highest point: Cerro Pero (Cerro Tres Kandu) 842 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means dla waste disposal pose health risks dla many urban residents; loss of wetlands
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
Kurs waluty guarani per US dollar - 5,031 (2007), 5,672.8 (2006), 6,178 (2005), 5,974.6 (2004), 6,424.3 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS (since 15 sierpien 2003); Vice President Francisco OVIEDO Britez (since 21 listopad 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS (since 15 sierpien 2003); Vice President Francisco OVIEDO Britez (since 21 listopad 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the president

elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla a single five-year term; election last held 27 kwiecien 2003 (next to be held w kwiecien 2008)

election results: Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS elected president; percent of vote - Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS 37.1%, Julio Cesar Ramon FRANCO Gomez 23.9%, Pedro Nicolas Maraa FADUL Niella 21.3%, Guillermo SANCHEZ Guffanti 13.5%, other 4.2%
Eksport 64 billion kWh (2007)
Eksport $6.898 billion f.o.b. (2007)
Eksport 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2007)
Eksport - towary soybeans, feed, cotton, meat, edible oils, electricity, wood, leather
Eksport - partnerzy Urugwaj 22%, Brazylia 17.2%, Rosja 11.9%, Argentyna 8.8%, Chile 6.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal, horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue z an emblem centered w the white band; unusual flag w that the emblem is different on each side; the obverse (hoist side at the left) bears the national coat of arms (a yellow five-pointed star within a green wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles); the reverse (hoist side at the right) bears the seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Cap of Liberty and the words Paz y Justicia (Peace and Justice) capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 21.9%

industry: 18.7%

services: 59.4% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.5% (2007)
Koordynaty geograficzne 23 00 S, 58 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; lies between Argentyna, Boliwia, and Brazylia; population concentrated w southern part of country
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.7%

highest 10%: 46.1% (2003)
Narkotyki major illicit producer of cannabis, most or all of which is consumed w Brazylia, Argentyna, and Chile; transshipment country dla Andean cocaine headed dla Brazylia, other Southern Cone markets, and Europe; corruption and some money-laundering activity, especially w the Tri-Border Terytorium; weak anti-money-laundering laws and enforcement
Import 0 kWh (2007)
Import $7.012 billion f.o.b. (2007)
Import 0 cu m (2007)
Import 25,940 bbl/day (2007)
Import - towary road vehicles, consumer goods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery, tractors, chemicals, vehicle parts
Import - partnerzy Chiny 27%, Brazylia 20%, Argentyna 13.6%, Japonia 8.3%, US 6.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 14 maj 1811 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.9% (2007)
Przemysl sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 26.45 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 30.73 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 21.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 6% (2007)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CAN (associate), CSN, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 670 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges appointed on the proposal of the Council of Magistrates or Consejo de la Magistratura)
Sila robocza 2.735 million (2007)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 31%

industry: 17%

services: 52% (2007)
Granica total: 3,995 km

border countries: Argentyna 1,880 km, Boliwia 750 km, Brazylia 1,365 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.47%

permanent crops: 0.24%

other: 92.29% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
System prawny based on Argentine codes, Roman law, and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts w Supreme Court of Justice; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: Chamber of Senators - last held 27 kwiecien 2003 (next to be held w kwiecien 2008); Chamber of Deputies - last held 27 kwiecien 2003 (next to be held w kwiecien 2008)

election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ANR 16, PLRA 12, UNACE 7, PQ 7, PPS 2, PEN 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ANR 37, PLRA 21, UNACE 10, PQ 10, PPS 2
Zywotnosc total population: 75.34 years

male: 72.78 years

female: 78.02 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 94%

male: 94.9%

female: 93% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central South America, northeast of Argentyna
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa total: 22 ships (1000 GRT or over) 39,693 GRT/43,530 DWT

by type: cargo 16, container 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1

foreign-owned: 5 (Argentyna 3, Holandia 1, Szwajcaria 1) (2007)
Wojsko Army, National Navy (Armada Nacional, includes Naval Aviation, Marine Corps, General Naval Prefecture), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Paragwaj, FAP) (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 14 maj 1811 (observed 15 maj)
Narodowosc noun: Paragwajan(s)

adjective: Paragwajan
Naturalne zagrozenia local flooding w southeast (early wrzesien to czerwiec); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early pazdziernik to czerwiec)
Surowce naturalne hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Asociacion Nacional Republicana - Colorado Party or ANR [Jose A. ALDERETE]; Movimiento Union Nacional de Ciudadanos Eticos or UNACE [Enrique GONZALEZ Quintana]; Patria Querida (Beloved Fatherland Party) or PQ [Pedro Nicolas Maraa FADUL Niella]; Partido Encuentro Nacional or PEN [Luis TORALES Kennedy]; Partido Liberal Radical Autentico or PLRA [Blas LLANO]; Partido Pais Solidario or PPS [Carlos Alberto FILIZZOLA Pallares]

note: Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS on leave as party leader of the Colorado Party or ANR while serving as President of Paragwaj
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Ahorristas Estafados or AE; National Coordinating Board of Campesino Organizations or MCNOC [Luis AGUAYO]; National Federation of Campesinos or FNC [Odilon ESPINOLA]; National Workers Central or CNT [Secretary General Juan TORRALES]; Paragwajan Workers Confederation or CPT; Roman Catholic Church; Unitary Workers Central or CUT [Jorge Guzman ALVARENGA Malgarejo]
Ludnosc 6,669,086 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 32% (2005 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.416% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 41, FM 121, shortwave 6 (3 inactive) (2006)
Linie kolejowe total: 36 km

standard gauge: 36 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.034 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.857 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory up to age 75
System telefoniczny general assessment: meager telephone service; principal switching center is w Asuncion

domestic: the fixed-line market is a state monopoly; deficiencies w provision of fixed-line service has resulted w a rapid expansion of mobile-cellular services fostered by competition among multiple providers

international: country code - 595; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 331,100 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 3.233 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 5 (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paragwaj; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paragwaj mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.84 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 11.4% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 3,100 km (2007)
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