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Paragwaj (2002)

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Paragwaj 2002 roku

 Paragwaj
Podzial administracyjny 17 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital city*; Alto Paragwaj, Alto Parana, Amambay, Asuncion*, Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes, San Pedro
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 38.7% (male 1,156,366; female 1,119,558)


15-64 years: 56.6% (male 1,671,721; female 1,658,683)


65 years and over: 4.7% (male 128,137; female 150,026) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber
Lotniska 899 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 11


over 3,047 m: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 868


1,524 to 2,437 m: 27


914 to 1,523 m: 323


under 914 m: 518 (2002)
Terytorium total: 406,750 sq km


land: 397,300 sq km


water: 9,450 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than California
Tlo historyczne In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70), Paragwaj lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically dla the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Boliwia. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown w 1989, and, despite a marked increase w political infighting w recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 30.5 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.3 billion


expenditures: $2 billion, including capital expenditures of $700 million (1999 est.)
Stolica Asuncion
Klimat subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall w the eastern portions, becoming semiarid w the far west
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja promulgated 20 czerwiec 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Paragwaj


conventional short form: Paragwaj


local long form: Republica del Paragwaj


local short form: Paragwaj
Waluta guarani (PYG)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.69 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.9 billion (2001 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador John F. KEANE


embassy: 1776 Avenida Mariscal Lopez, Casilla Postal 402, Asuncion


mailing address: Unit 4711, APO AA 34036-0001


telephone: [595] (21) 213-715


FAX: [595] (21) 213-728
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Leila Teresa RACHID COWLES


chancery: 2400 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 483-6960 through 6962


FAX: [1] (202) 234-4508


consulate(s) general: Kansas City, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Paragwaj has a market economy marked by a large informal sector. The informal sector features both reexport of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries as well as the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors. Because of the importance of the informal sector, accurate economic measures are difficult to obtain. A large percentage of the population derives their living from agricultural activity, often on a subsistence basis. The formal economy grew by an average of about 3% annually w 1995-97, but Produkt krajowy brutto declined slightly w 1998, 1999, and 2000. On a per capita basis, real income has stagnated at 1980 levels. Most observers attribute Paragwaj's poor economic performance to political uncertainty, corruption, lack of progress on structural reform, substantial internal and external debt, and deficient infrastructure.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.95 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 47.392 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 53.056 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 0%


hydro: 100%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: junction of Rio Paragwaj and Rio Parana 46 m


highest point: Cerro Pero (Cerro Tres Kandu) 842 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means dla waste disposal present health risks dla many urban residents; loss of wetlands
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%
Kurs waluty guarani per US dollar - 4,783.0 (styczen 2002), 4,107.7 (2001), 3,486.4 (2000), 3,119.1 (1999), 2,726.5 (1998), 2,177.9 (1997); note - since early 1998, the exchange rate has operated as a managed float; prior to that, the exchange rate was determined freely w the market
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Luis Angel GONZALEZ MACCHI (since 28 marzec 1999); Vice President Julio Cesar FRANCO (since NA sierpien 2000) resigned 16 pazdziernik 2002; position now vacant; note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Luis Angel GONZALEZ MACCHI (since 28 marzec 1999); Vice President Julio Cesar FRANCO (since NA sierpien 2000) resigned 16 pazdziernik 2002; position now vacant; note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the president


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 10 maj 1998 (next to be held NA maj 2003)


election results: Raul CUBAS Grau elected president; percent of vote - 55.3%; resigned 28 marzec 1999


note: President Luis Angel GONZALEZ MACCHI, formerly president of the Chamber of Senators, constitutionally succeeded President Raul CUBAS Grau, who resigned after being impeached soon after the assassination of Vice President Luis Maria ARGANA; the successor to ARGANA was decided w an election held w sierpien 2000
Eksport 47.392 billion kWh (2000)
Eksport $2.2 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Eksport - towary electricity, soybeans, feed, cotton, meat, edible oils
Eksport - partnerzy Brazylia 39%, Urugwaj 14%, Argentyna 11% (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal, horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue z an emblem centered w the white band; unusual flag w that the emblem is different on each side; the obverse (hoist side at the left) bears the national coat of arms (a yellow five-pointed star within a green wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles); the reverse (hoist side at the right) bears the seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Cap of Liberty and the words Paz y Justicia (Peace and Justice) capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $26.2 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 29%


industry: 26%


services: 45% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,600 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 0% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 23 00 S, 58 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; lies between Argentyna, Boliwia, and Brazylia; population concentrated w southern part of country
Autostrady total: 25,901 km


paved: 3,067 km


unpaved: 22,834 km (2001)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1%


highest 10%: 44% (1998) (1998)
Narkotyki major illicit producer of cannabis, most or all of which is consumed w South America; transshipment country dla Andean cocaine headed dla Brazylia, other Southern Cone markets, Europe, and US; corruption and some money-laundering activity, especially w the Tri-Border Terytorium
Import 0 kWh (2000)
Import $2.7 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Import - towary road vehicles, consumer goods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery
Import - partnerzy Argentyna 25.4%, Brazylia 24.5%, Urugwaj 3.8% (2000)
Niepodleglosc 14 maj 1811 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 0% (2000 est.)
Przemysl sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 28.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 7.2% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MONUC, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 4 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 670 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges appointed on the proposal of the Counsel of Magistrates or Consejo de la Magistratura)
Sila robocza 2 million (2000 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 45%
Granica total: 3,920 km


border countries: Argentyna 1,880 km, Boliwia 750 km, Brazylia 1,290 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.54%


permanent crops: 0.21%


other: 94.25% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
System prawny based on Argentine codes, Roman law, and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts w Supreme Court of Justice
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: Chamber of Senators - last held 10 maj 1998 (next to be held NA maj 2003); Chamber of Deputies - last held 10 maj 1998 (next to be held NA maj 2003)


election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Colorado Party 25, PLRA 13, PEN 7; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Colorado Party 45, PLRA 26, PEN 9
Zywotnosc total population: 74.16 years


male: 71.67 years


female: 76.77 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.1%


male: 93.5%


female: 90.6% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Central South America, northeast of Argentyna
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa total: 21 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 34,623 GRT/36,821 DWT


ships by type: cargo 14, chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 3, roll on/roll off 3


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Argentyna 2, Japonia 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Naval Air and Marines), Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $125 million (FY98)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.4% (FY98)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,427,160 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,028,935 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 17 years of age (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 58,359 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 14 maj (1811)
Narodowosc noun: Paragwajan(s)


adjective: Paragwajan
Naturalne zagrozenia local flooding w southeast (early wrzesien to czerwiec); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early pazdziernik to czerwiec)
Surowce naturalne hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Authentic Radical Liberal Party or PLRA [Miguel Abdon SAGUIER]; Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Luis Miguel ANDRADA Nogues]; Febrerista Revolutionary Party or PRF [Oscar ACUNA TORRES]; National Encounter Party or PEN [Mario PAZ CASTAING]; National Republican Association - Colorado Party [Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Ahorristas Estafados or AE; National Workers Central or CNT; Paragwajan Workers Confederation or CPT; Roman Catholic Church; Unitary Workers Central or CUT
Ludnosc 5,884,491 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 36% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.57% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Asuncion, Villeta, San Antonio, Encarnacion
Stacje radiowe AM 46, FM 27, shortwave 6 (three inactive) (1998)
Radia 925,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 971 km


standard gauge: 441 km 1.435-m gauge


narrow gauge: 60 km 1.000-m gauge


note: there are 470 km of various gauges that are privately owned
Religie Roman Catholic 90%, Mennonite, and other Protestant
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female


total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory up to age 75
System telefoniczny general assessment: meager telephone service; principal switching center is Asuncion


domestic: fair microwave radio relay network


international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 290,475 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe 510,000 (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 4 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paragwaj; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paragwaj mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.07 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 17.8% (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne 3,100 km
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