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Panama (2006)

Panama - wybierz rok:
PanamaPanama (2001) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2002) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2003) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2004) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2005) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2007) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2008) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Panama 2006 roku

Podzial administracyjny 9 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 territory* (comarca); Bocas del Toro, Chiriqui, Cocle, Colon, Darien, Herrera, Los Santos, Panama, San Blas*(Kuna Yala), and Veraguas
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 30.3% (male 492,403/female 472,996)

15-64 years: 63.4% (male 1,025,898/female 998,926)

65 years and over: 6.3% (male 94,122/female 106,974) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp
Lotniska 117 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 53

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 18

under 914 m: 28 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 64

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 10

under 914 m: 53 (2006)
Terytorium total: 78,200 sq km

land: 75,990 sq km

water: 2,210 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than South Carolina
Tlo historyczne Explored and settled by the Spanish w the 16th century, Panama broke z Hiszpania w 1821 and joined a union of Kolumbia, Wenezuela, and Ekwador - named the Republic of Gran Kolumbia. When the latter dissolved w 1830, Panama remained part of Kolumbia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Kolumbia w 1903 and promptly signed a treaty z the US allowing dla the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed dla the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of the century. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over w the subsequent decades. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed w 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were transfered to Panama by the end of 1999. In pazdziernik 2006, Panamanians approved an ambitious plan to expand the Canal. The project, which is to begin w 2007 and could double the Canal's capacity, is expected to be completed w 2014-15.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 21.74 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $3.426 billion

expenditures: $3.959 billion; including capital expenditures of $471 million (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Panama

geographic coordinates: 8 58 N, 79 32 W

time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (maj to styczen), short dry season (styczen to maj)
Linia brzegowa 2,490 km
Konstytucja 11 pazdziernik 1972; major reforms adopted 1978, 1983, 1994, and 2004
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Panama

conventional short form: Panama

local long form: Republica de Panama

local short form: Panama
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.36 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $9.758 billion (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador William A. EATON

embassy: Avenida Balboa and Calle 37, Apartado Postal 0816-02561, Zona 5, Panama City 5

mailing address: American Embassy Panama, Unit 0945, APO AA 34002

telephone: [507] 207-7000

FAX: [507] 227-1964
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Federico HUMBERT Arias

chancery: 2862 McGill Terrace NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 483-1407

FAX: [1] (202) 483-8416

consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Houston, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, San Juan (Portoryko), Tampa
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje organized illegal narcotics operations w Kolumbia operate within the border region z Panama
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $197.1 million (1995)
Ekonomia Panama's dollarised economy rests primarily on a well-developed services sector that accounts dla three-fourths of Produkt krajowy brutto. Services include operating the Panama Canal, banking, the Colon Free Zone, insurance, container ports, flagship registry, and tourism. A slump w the Colon Free Zone and agricultural exports, the global slowdown, and the withdrawal of US military forces held back economic growth w 2000-03; growth picked up w 2004 and 2005 led by export-oriented services and a construction boom stimulated by tax incentives. The government has implemented tax reforms, as well as social security reforms, and backs regional trade agreements and development of tourism. Unemployment remains high.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 4.87 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 175 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 25 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 5.398 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Volcan de Chiriqui 3,475 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation and soil erosion threatens siltation of Panama Canal; air pollution w urban areas; mining threatens natural resources
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indien) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Kurs waluty balboas per US dollar - 1 (2005), 1 (2004), 1 (2003), 1 (2002), 1 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Martin TORRIJOS Espino (since 1 wrzesien 2004); First Vice President Samuel LEWIS Navarro (since 1 wrzesien 2004); Second Vice President Ruben AROSEMENA Valdes (since 1 wrzesien 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Martin TORRIJOS Espino (since 1 wrzesien 2004); First Vice President Samuel LEWIS Navarro (since 1 wrzesien 2004); Second Vice President Ruben AROSEMENA Valdes (since 1 wrzesien 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president

elections: president and vice presidents elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms (eligible dla two more terms); election last held 2 maj 2004 (next to be held 3 maj 2009); note - beginning w 2009, Panama will have only one vice president.

election results: Martin TORRIJOS Espino elected president; percent of vote - Martin TORRIJOS Espino 47.5%, Guillermo ENDARA Galimany 30.6%, Jose Miguel ALEMAN 17%, Ricardo MARTINELLI 4.9%

note: government coalition - PRD (Democratic Revolutionary Party), PP (Popular Party)
Eksport 175 million kWh (2003)
Eksport $7.481 billion f.o.b.; note - includes the Colon Free Zone (2005 est.)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary bananas, shrimp, sugar, coffee, clothing
Eksport - partnerzy US 44.9%, Hiszpania 8.9%, Szwecja 5.6%, Holandia 4.9%, Kostaryka 4% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided into four, equal rectangles; the top quadrants are white (hoist side) z a blue five-pointed star w the center and plain red; the bottom quadrants are plain blue (hoist side) and white z a red five-pointed star w the center
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 6.8%

industry: 15.6%

services: 77.6% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.4% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 9 00 N, 80 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Ocean Atlantycki via Caribbean Sea z North Ocean Spokojny
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.2%

highest 10%: 35.7% (1997)
Narkotyki major cocaine transshipment point and primary money-laundering center dla narcotics revenue; money-laundering activity is especially heavy w the Colon Free Zone; offshore financial center; negligible signs of coca cultivation; monitoring of financial transactions is improving; official corruption remains a major problem
Import 25 million kWh (2003)
Import $8.734 billion f.o.b. (includes the Colon Free Zone) (2005 est.)
Import NA bbl/day; note - imports oil
Import - towary capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, chemicals
Import - partnerzy US 27.5%, Antyle Holenderskie 11.4%, Kostaryka 4.7%, Japonia 4.5% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 3 listopad 1903 (from Kolumbia; became independent from Hiszpania 28 listopad 1821)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.7% (2005 est.)
Przemysl construction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 16.37 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 17.75 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 2.9% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CAN (observer), CSN (observer), FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 430 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (nine judges appointed dla 10-year terms); five superior courts; three courts of appeal
Sila robocza 1.39 million

note: shortage of skilled labor, but an oversupply of unskilled labor (2005 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 20.8%

industry: 18%

services: 61.2% (1995 est.)
Granica total: 555 km

border countries: Kolumbia 225 km, Kostaryka 330 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.26%

permanent crops: 1.95%

other: 90.79% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish (official), English 14%; note - many Panamanians bilingual
System prawny based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court of Justice; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (formerly called Legislative Assembly) or Asamblea Nacional (78 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - w 2009, the number of seats will change to 71

elections: last held 2 maj 2004 (next to be held 3 maj 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PRD 40, PA 17, PS 8, MOLIRENA 3, CD 2, PP 2, PLN 1, other 5

note: legislators from outlying rural districts are chosen on a plurality basis while districts located w more populous towns and cities elect multiple legislators by means of a proportion-based formula
Zywotnosc total population: 75.22 years

male: 72.68 years

female: 77.87 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 92.6%

male: 93.2%

female: 91.9% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Ocean Spokojny, between Kolumbia and Kostaryka
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 5,473 ships (1000 GRT or over) 146,511,342 GRT/219,940,567 DWT

by type: barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 1,776, cargo 992, chemical tanker 476, combination ore/oil 2, container 663, liquefied gas 193, livestock carrier 7, passenger 49, passenger/cargo 77, petroleum tanker 518, refrigerated cargo 299, roll on/roll off 123, specialized tanker 23, vehicle carrier 274

foreign-owned: 4,922 (Anguilla 1, Argentyna 9, Australia 3, Bahamy 2, Belgia 11, Bermudy 1, Bulgaria 1, Kanada 4, Chile 9, Chiny 420, Kolumbia 5, Chorwacja 5, Kuba 11, Cypr 14, Dania 34, Egipt 16, Estonia 3, Francja 15, Gabon 1, Niemcy 35, Grecja 524, Hong Kong 169, Indie 19, Indonezja 50, Iran 4, Irlandia 2, Izrael 6, Wlochy 15, Japonia 2007, Jordania 13, South Korea ( ( (291, Kuwejt 2, Lotwa 3, Liban 2, Litwa 5, Malezja 13, Malediwy 1, Malta 3, Meksyk 5, Monako 9, Maroko 1, Holandia 21, Nigeria 7, Norwegia 66, Pakistan 3, Peru 15, Filipiny 13, Polska 15, Portugalia 10, Katar 1, Rumunia 9, Rosja 7, Arabia Saudyjska 8, Singapur 67, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 3, Hiszpania 53, Sri Lanka 5, Sudan 1, Szwecja 5, Szwajcaria 226, Syria 18, Tajwan 308, Tajlandia 9, Trynidad i Tobago 1, Turcja 42, UAE 105, UK 37, Ukraina 8, US 94, Wenezuela 14, Wietnam 4, Jemen 3)

registered w other countries: 1 (Wenezuela 1) (2006)
Wojsko - uwagi on 10 luty 1990, the government of then President ENDARA abolished Panama's military and reformed the security apparatus by creating the Panamanian Public Forces; w pazdziernik 1994, Panama's Legislative Assembly approved a constitutional amendment prohibiting the creation of a standing military force, but allowing the temporary establishment of special police units to counter acts of "external aggression"
Wojsko an amendment to the Konstytucja abolished the armed forces, but there are security forces (Panamanian Public Forces or PPF includes the Panamanian National Police, National Maritime Service, and National Air Service)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $150 million (2005 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 3 listopad (1903)
Narodowosc noun: Panamanian(s)

adjective: Panamanian
Naturalne zagrozenia occasional severe storms and forest fires w the Darien area
Surowce naturalne copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Change or CD [Ricardo MARTINELLI]; Democratic Revolutionary Party or PRD [Hugo GUIRAUD]; National Liberal Party or PLN [Anibal GALINDO]; Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement or MOLIRENA [Jesus ROSAS]; Panamenista Party or PA (formerly the Arnulfista Party) [Marco AMEGLIO]; Popular Party or PP (formerly Christian Democratic Party or PDC) [Ricardo ARIAS Calderon]; Solidarity Party or PS [Jose Raul MULINO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Chamber of Commerce; National Civic Crusade; National Council of Organized Workers or CONATO; National Council of Private Enterprise or CONEP; National Union of Construction and Similar Workers (SUNTRACS); Panamanian Association of Business Executives or APEDE; Panamanian Industrialists Society or SIP; Workers Confederation of the Republic of Panama or CTRP
Ludnosc 3,191,319 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 37% (1999 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.6% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 101, FM 134, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 355 km

standard gauge: 77 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 278 km 0.914-m gauge (2005)
Religie Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female

total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: domestic and international facilities well developed

domestic: NA

international: country code - 507; 1 coaxial submarine cable; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); connected to the Central American Microwave System
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 440,100 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 1.352 million (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 38 (including repeaters) (1998)
Uksztaltowanie terenu interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.68 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9.8% (2005 est.)
Drogi wodne 800 km (includes 82 km Panama Canal) (2005)
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