Strona glowna Porownaj panstwa Spis panstw Spis pol

Fraza:

Panama (2005)

Panama - wybierz rok:
PanamaPanama (2001) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2002) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2003) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2004) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2006) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2007) (porownaj)
PanamaPanama (2008) (porownaj)


Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami


Panama 2005 roku

 Panama
Podzial administracyjny 9 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 territory* (comarca); Bocas del Toro, Chiriqui, Cocle, Colon, Darien, Herrera, Los Santos, Panama, San Blas*(Kuna Yala), and Veraguas
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 29.8% (male 460,840/female 443,359)


15-64 years: 63.9% (male 984,558/female 956,748)


65 years and over: 6.4% (male 91,383/female 102,262) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp
Lotniska 105 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 44


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 15


under 914 m: 22 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 61


914 to 1,523 m: 12


under 914 m: 49 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 78,200 sq km


land: 75,990 sq km


water: 2,210 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than South Carolina
Tlo historyczne With US backing, Panama seceded from Kolumbia w 1903 and promptly signed a treaty z the US allowing dla the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. On 7 wrzesien 1977, an agreement was signed dla the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of 1999. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over w the intervening years. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed w 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were turned over to Panama by or on 31 grudzien 1999.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 19.96 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $3.095 billion


expenditures: $3.737 billion, including capital expenditures of $471 million (2004 est.)
Stolica Panama
Klimat tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (maj to styczen), short dry season (styczen to maj)
Linia brzegowa 2,490 km
Konstytucja 11 pazdziernik 1972; major reforms adopted 1978, 1983, 1994, and 2004
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Panama


conventional short form: Panama


local long form: Republica de Panama


local short form: Panama
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.54 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $8.78 billion (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Linda Ellen WATT


embassy: Avenida Balboa and Calle 37, Apartado Postal 0816-02561, Zona 5, Panama City 5


mailing address: American Embassy Panama, Unit 0945, APO AA 34002


telephone: [507] 207-7000


FAX: [507] 227-1964
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Federico HUMBERT Arias


chancery: 2862 McGill Terrace NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 483-1407


FAX: [1] (202) 483-8416


consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Houston, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, San Juan (Portoryko), Tampa
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje organized illegal narcotics operations w Kolumbia operate within the border region z Panama
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $197.1 million (1995)
Ekonomia Panama's dollarised economy rests primarily on a well-developed services sector that accounts dla four-fifths of Produkt krajowy brutto. Services include operating the Panama Canal, banking, the Colon Free Zone, insurance, container ports, flagship registry, and tourism. A slump w Colon Free Zone and agricultural exports, the global slowdown, and the withdrawal of US military forces held back economic growth w 2000-03; growth picked up w 2004 led by export-oriented services and a construction boom stimulated by tax incentives. The government has been backing tax reforms, reform of the social security program, new regional trade agreements, and development of tourism. Unemployment remains high.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 4.473 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 120 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 61 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 4.873 billion kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Volcan de Chiriqui 3,475 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation and soil erosion threatens siltation of Panama Canal; air pollution w urban areas; mining threatens natural resources
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indien) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Kurs waluty balboas per US dollar - 1 (2004), 1 (2003), 1 (2002), 1 (2001), 1 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Martin TORRIJOS Espino (since 1 wrzesien 2004); First Vice President Samuel LEWIS Navarro (since 1 wrzesien 2004); Second Vice President Ruben AROSEMENA Valdes (since 1 wrzesien 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Martin TORRIJOS Espino (since 1 wrzesien 2004); First Vice President Samuel LEWIS Navarro (since 1 wrzesien 2004); Second Vice President Ruben AROSEMENA Valdes (since 1 wrzesien 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president


elections: president and vice presidents elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 2 maj 2004 (next to be held 3 maj 2009); note - beginning w 2009, Panama will have only one vice president.


election results: Martin TORRIJOS Espino elected president; percent of vote - Martin TORRIJOS Espino 47.5%, Guillermo ENDARA Galimany 30.6%, Jose Miguel ALEMAN 17%, Ricardo MARTINELLI 4.9%


note: government coalition - PRD (Democratic Revolutionary Party), PP (Popular Party)
Eksport 120 million kWh (2002)
Eksport $5.699 billion f.o.b. (includes the Colon Free Zone) (2004 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary bananas, shrimp, sugar, coffee, clothing (1999)
Eksport - partnerzy US 50.5%, Szwecja 6.6%, Hiszpania 5.1%, Holandia 4.4%, Kostaryka 4.2% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided into four, equal rectangles; the top quadrants are white (hoist side) z a blue five-pointed star w the center and plain red; the bottom quadrants are plain blue (hoist side) and white z a red five-pointed star w the center
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 7.2%


industry: 13%


services: 79.8% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $6,900 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 9 00 N, 80 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Ocean Atlantycki via Caribbean Sea z North Ocean Spokojny
Autostrady total: 11,643 km


paved: 4,028 km (including 30 km of expressways)


unpaved: 7,615 km (2000 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.2%


highest 10%: 35.7% (1997)
Narkotyki major cocaine transshipment point and primary money-laundering center dla narcotics revenue; money-laundering activity is especially heavy w the Colon Free Zone; offshore financial center; negligible signs of coca cultivation; monitoring of financial transactions is improving; official corruption remains a major problem
Import 61 million kWh (2002)
Import $7.164 billion f.o.b. (includes the Colon Free Zone) (2004 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, chemicals
Import - partnerzy US 33.3%, Antyle Holenderskie 8.1%, Japonia 6%, Kostaryka 5.7%, Meksyk 4.6%, Kolumbia 4.2% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 3 listopad 1903 (from Kolumbia; became independent from Hiszpania 28 listopad 1821)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.4% (2004 est.)
Przemysl construction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 20.47 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 22.59 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 18.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 2% (2004 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 320 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (nine judges appointed dla 10-year terms); five superior courts; three courts of appeal
Sila robocza 1.32 million


note: shortage of skilled labor, but an oversupply of unskilled labor (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 20.8%, industry 18%, services 61.2% (1995 est.)
Granica total: 555 km


border countries: Kolumbia 225 km, Kostaryka 330 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.36%


permanent crops: 1.98%


other: 90.66% (2001)
Jezyki Spanish (official), English 14%; note - many Panamanians bilingual
System prawny based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court of Justice; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (formerly called Legislative Assembly) or Asamblea Nacional (78 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; note - w 2009, the number of seats will change to 71)


elections: last held 2 maj 2004 (next to be held 3 maj 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PRD 40, PA 17, PS 8, MOLIRENA 3, CD 2, PP 2, PLN 1, other 5


note: legislators from outlying rural districts are chosen on a plurality basis while districts located w more populous towns and cities elect multiple legislators by means of a proportion-based formula
Zywotnosc total population: 75.25 years


male: 72.68 years


female: 77.93 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.6%


male: 93.2%


female: 91.9% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Ocean Spokojny, between Kolumbia and Kostaryka
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 5,005 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 122,960,929 GRT/183,615,337 DWT


by type: barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 1,548, cargo 886, chemical tanker 465, combination ore/oil 13, container 605, liquefied gas 183, livestock carrier 8, passenger 42, passenger/cargo 77, petroleum tanker 521, refrigerated cargo 298, roll on/roll off 97, specialized tanker 5, vehicle carrier 256


foreign-owned: 4,388 (Andora 1, Argentyna 9, Australia 3, Bahamas 1, Belgia 14, Brazylia 1, Kanada 1, Chile 14, Chiny 310, Kolumbia 5, Chorwacja 1, Kuba 9, Cypr 7, Dania 13, Egipt 15, Francja 7, Niemcy 23, Grecja 546, Hong Kong 159, Indie 8, Indonezja 46, Irlandia 1, Wyspa Man 2, Izrael 3, Wlochy 8, Japonia 1814, Jordania 9, Lotwa 2, Litwa 5, Malezja 11, Malediwy 1, Malta 1, Meksyk 4, Monako 8, Holandia 22, Nowa Zelandia 1, Nigeria 6, Norwegia 66, Pakistan 1, Peru 13, Filipiny 15, Polska 19, Portugalia 8, Rumunia 13, Rosja 4, Arabia Saudyjska 4, Singapur 54, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 3, South Korea 292, Hiszpania 41, Sri Lanka 1, Sudan 1, Szwecja 4, Szwajcaria 188, Syria 7, Tajwan 301, Tajlandia 10, Trinidad & Tobago 1, Tunezja 1, Turcja 18, Ukraina 9, UAE 83, Wielka Brytania 29, Stany Zjednoczone 88, Wenezuela 20, Wietnam 2, Jemen 1) (2005)
Wojsko - uwagi on 10 luty 1990, the government of then President ENDARA abolished Panama's military and reformed the security apparatus by creating the Panamanian Public Forces; w pazdziernik 1994, Panama's Legislative Assembly approved a constitutional amendment prohibiting the creation of a standing military force, but allowing the temporary establishment of special police units to counter acts of "external aggression"
Wojsko an amendment to the Konstytucja abolished the armed forces, but there are security forces (Panamanian Public Forces or PPF includes the Panamanian National Police, National Maritime Service, and National Air Service)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $147 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.1% (2004)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 3 listopad (1903)
Narodowosc noun: Panamanian(s)


adjective: Panamanian
Naturalne zagrozenia occasional severe storms and forest fires w the Darien area
Surowce naturalne copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Change or CD [Ricardo MARTINELLI]; Democratic Revolutionary Party or PRD [Martin TORRIJOS]; National Liberal Party or PLN [Anibal GALINDO]; Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement or MOLIRENA [Jesus ROSAS]; Panamenista Party or PA (formerly the Arnulfista Party) [Mireya Elisa MOSCOSO Rodriguez]; Popular Party or PP (formerly Christian Democratic Party or PDC) [Ruben AROSEMENA]; Solidarity Party or PS [Jose Raul MULINO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Chamber of Commerce; National Civic Crusade; National Council of Organized Workers or CONATO; National Council of Private Enterprise or CONEP; National Union of Construction and Similar Workers (SUNTRACS); Panamanian Association of Business Executives or APEDE; Panamanian Industrialists Society or SIP; Workers Confederation of the Republic of Panama or CTRP
Ludnosc 3,039,150 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 37% (1999 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.26% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Balboa, Colon, Cristobal
Stacje radiowe AM 101, FM 134, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 355 km


standard gauge: 76 km 1.435-m gauge


narrow gauge: 279 km 0.914-m gauge (2004)
Religie Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female


total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: domestic and international facilities well developed


domestic: NA


international: country code - 507; 1 coaxial submarine cable; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); connected to the Central American Microwave System
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 386,900 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 834,000 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 38 (including repeaters) (1998)
Uksztaltowanie terenu interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.45 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 12.6% (2004 est.)
Drogi wodne 800 km (includes 82 km Panama Canal) (2004)
Mapa strony: Wszystkie porownania (mapa serwisu) | Spis podstron z informacjami na temat panstw
Links: Dodaj do ulubionych | Informacje o tej stronie | Statystyki | Polityka prywatnosci
Ta strona zostala wygenerowana w ciagu 0.10058188 s. Rozmiar tej strony: 55.57 kB.