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Norwegia (2008)

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Norwegia 2008 roku

 Norwegia
Podzial administracyjny 19 counties (fylker, singular - fylke); Akershus, Aust-Agder, Buskerud, Finnmark, Hedmark, Hordaland, More og Romsdal, Nordland, Nord-Trondelag, Oppland, Oslo, Ostfold, Rogaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Sor-Trondelag, Telemark, Troms, Vest-Agder, Vestfold
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 19% (male 450,612/female 430,126)


15-64 years: 66.1% (male 1,552,473/female 1,507,638)


65 years and over: 14.8% (male 291,659/female 395,418) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish
Lotniska 98 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 67


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 12


1,524 to 2,437 m: 12


914 to 1,523 m: 13


under 914 m: 29 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 31


914 to 1,523 m: 6


under 914 m: 25 (2007)
Terytorium total: 323,802 sq km


land: 307,442 sq km


water: 16,360 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than New Meksyk
Tlo historyczne Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON w 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norwegia was absorbed into a union z Dania that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Szwecja and adopted a new constitution. Szwecja then invaded Norwegia but agreed to let Norwegia keep its constitution w return dla accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norwegia independence. Although Norwegia remained neutral w Swiat War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norwegia proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of Swiat War II, but was nonetheless occupied dla five years by Nazi Niemcy (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norwegia became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas w adjacent waters w the late 1960s boosted Norwegia's economic fortunes. The current focus is on containing spending on the extensive welfare system and planning dla the time when petroleum reserves are depleted. In referenda held w 1972 and 1994, Norwegia rejected joining the EU.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 11.27 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $232.3 billion


expenditures: $158.4 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Oslo


geographic coordinates: 59 55 N, 10 45 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior z increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast
Linia brzegowa 25,148 km (includes mainland 2,650 km, as well as long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 22,498 km; length of island coastlines 58,133 km)
Konstytucja 17 maj 1814; amended many times
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Norwegia


conventional short form: Norwegia


local long form: Kongeriket Norge


local short form: Norge
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.37 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $469.1 billion; note - Norwegia is a net external creditor (30 czerwiec 2007)
Zalezne tereny Wyspa Bouveta, Jan majen, Svalbard
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Benson K. WHITNEY


embassy: Henrik Ibsens gate 48, 0244 Oslo; note - the embassy will move to Huseby w the near future


mailing address: PSC 69, Box 1000, APO AE 09707


telephone: [47] (22) 44 85 50


FAX: [47] (22) 44 33 63, 56 27 51
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Wegger C. STROMMEN


chancery: 2720 34th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 333-6000


FAX: [1] (202) 337-0870


consulate(s) general: Houston, Minneapolis (may be closed w 2008), New York, San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Norwegia asserts a territorial claim w Antarktyda (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); despite dialogue, Rosja and Norwegia continue to dispute their maritime limits w the Barents Sea and Rosja's fishing rights beyond Svalbard's territorial limits within the Svalbard Treaty zone
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $1.4 billion (1998)
Ekonomia The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector, through large-scale state enterprises. The country is richly endowed z natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on its oil production and international oil prices, z oil and gas accounting dla one-third of exports. Only Arabia Saudyjska and Rosja export more oil than Norwegia. Norwegia opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum w listopad 1994; nonetheless, as a member of the European Economic Terytorium, it contributes sizably to the EU budget. The government has moved ahead z privatization. Although Norwegian oil production peaked w 2000, natural gas production is still rising. Norwegians realize that once their gas production peaks they will eventually face declining oil and gas revenues; accordingly, Norwegia has been saving its oil-and-gas-boosted budget surpluses w a Government Petroleum Fund, which is invested abroad and now is valued at more than $250 billion. After lackluster growth of less than 1% w 2002-03, Produkt krajowy brutto growth picked up to 3-5% w 2004-07, partly due to higher oil prices. Norwegia's economy remains buoyant. Domestic economic activity is, and will continue to be, the main driver of growth, supported by high consumer confidence and strong investment spending w the offshore oil and gas sector. Norwegia's record high budget surplus and upswing w the labor market w 2007 highlight the strength of its economic position going into 2008.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 113.9 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 15.7 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 3.652 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 135.8 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m


highest point: Galdhopiggen 2,469 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Norwegian, Sami 20,000
Kurs waluty Norwegian kroner per US dollar - 5.8396 (2007), 6.4117 (2006), 6.4425 (2005), 6.7408 (2004), 7.0802 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King HARALD V (since 17 styczen 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS, son of the monarch (born 20 lipiec 1973)


head of government: Prime Minister Jens STOLTENBERG (since 17 pazdziernik 2005)


cabinet: State Council appointed by the monarch z the approval of parliament


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch z the approval of the parliament
Eksport 15.7 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $136.1 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 78.1 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 3.018 million bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish
Eksport - partnerzy UK 26.8%, Niemcy 12.3%, Holandia 10.3%, Francja 8.2%, Szwecja 6.4%, US 5.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi red z a blue cross outlined w white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side w the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.4%


industry: 42.9%


services: 54.7% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.9% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 62 00 N, 10 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes w North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines w the world
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.9%


highest 10%: 23.4% (2000)
Import 3.652 billion kWh (2005)
Import $75.98 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 91,930 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Szwecja 15%, Niemcy 13.5%, Dania 6.9%, UK 6.4%, Chiny 5.7%, US 5.3%, Holandia 4.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 7 czerwiec 1905 (Norwegia declared the union z Szwecja dissolved); 26 pazdziernik 1905 (Szwecja agreed to the repeal of the union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1% (2007 est.)
Przemysl petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 3.64 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 3.99 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 3.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 0.4% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, ESA, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 1,270 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Hoyesterett (justices appointed by the monarch)
Sila robocza 2.5 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 4%


industry: 22%


services: 74% (1995)
Granica total: 2,542 km


border countries: Finlandia 727 km, Szwecja 1,619 km, Rosja 196 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.7%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 97.3% (2005)
Jezyki Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities; note - Sami is official w six municipalities
System prawny mixture of customary law, civil law system, and common law traditions; Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza modified unicameral Parliament or Storting (169 seats; members are elected by popular vote by proportional representation to serve four-year terms); note - w 2009 the number of seats will change to 165


elections: last held 12 wrzesien 2005 (next to be held w wrzesien 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - Labor Party 32.7%, Progress Party 22.1%, Conservative Party 14.1%, Socialist Left Party 8.8%, Christian People's Party 6.8%, Center Party 6.5%, Liberal Party 5.9%, other 3.1%; seats by party - Labor Party 61, Progress Party 38, Conservative Party 23, Socialist Left Party 15, Christian People's Party 11, Center Party 11, Liberal Party 10


note: dla certain purposes, the parliament divides itself into two chambers and elects one-fourth of its membership w the Lagting and three-fourths of its membership w the Odelsting
Zywotnosc total population: 79.67 years


male: 77.04 years


female: 82.46 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 100%


male: 100%


female: 100%
Lokalizacja Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, west of Szwecja
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 10 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 715 ships (1000 GRT or over) 16,511,659 GRT/22,299,832 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 49, cargo 151, carrier 1, chemical tanker 146, combination ore/oil 12, container 5, liquefied gas 72, passenger/cargo 122, petroleum tanker 79, refrigerated cargo 12, roll on/roll off 16, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 49


foreign-owned: 174 (Chiny 47, Cypr 2, Dania 26, Estonia 1, Finlandia 1, Francja 3, Niemcy 2, Grecja 6, Hong Kong 5, Islandia 3, Wlochy 4, Japonia 1, Litwa 1, Monako 5, Holandia 1, Polska 3, Arabia Saudyjska 3, Singapur 1, Szwecja 31, UAE 1, UK 9, US 18)


registered w other countries: 872 (Antigua i Barbuda 7, Australia 1, Bahamas 232, Barbados 35, Belize 3, Bermudy 5, Brazylia 1, Kanada 1, Kajmany 2, Chiny 1, Komory 1, Wyspy Cooka 1, Cypr 17, Dania 1, Dominika 1, Estonia 2, Wyspy Owcze 4, Finlandia 1, Francja 17, Gibraltar 27, Hong Kong 30, Wyspa Man 33, Liberia 42, Libia 1, Malta 71, Wyspy Marshalla 62, Meksyk 1, Holandia 9, Antyle Holenderskie 5, Nigeria 1, Panama 60, Filipiny 2, Portugalia 3, Singapur 125, Hiszpania 6, St Vincent and The Grenadines 19, Szwecja 5, UK 33, US 4, unknown 2) (2007)
Wojsko Norwegian Army (Haeren), Royal Norwegian Navy (Kongelige Norske Sjoeforsvaret, RNoN; includes Coastal Rangers and Coast Guard (Kystvakt)), Royal Norwegian Air Force (Kongelige Norske Luftforsvaret, RNoAF), Home Guard (Heimevernet, HV) (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.9% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Konstytucja Day, 17 maj (1814)
Narodowosc noun: Norwegian(s)


adjective: Norwegian
Naturalne zagrozenia rockslides, avalanches
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 508 km; gas 6,529 km; oil 2,444 km; oil/gas/water 457 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Center Party [Aslaug Marie HAGA]; Christian People's Party [Dagfinn HOYBRATEN]; Conservative Party [Erna SOLBERG]; Labor Party [Jens STOLTENBERG]; Liberal Party [Lars SPONHEIM]; Progress Party [Siv JENSEN]; Socialist Left Party [Kristin HALVORSEN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,627,926 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.363% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM at least 650, shortwave 1 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 4,043 km


standard gauge: 4,043 km 1.435-m gauge (2,509 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Church of Norwegia 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1% (2004)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.048 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.738 male(s)/female


total population: 0.984 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern w all respects; one of the most advanced telecommunications networks w Europe


domestic: Norwegia has a domestic satellite system; moreover, the prevalence of rural areas encourages the wide use of cellular mobile systems instead of fixed-wire systems


international: country code - 47; 2 buried coaxial cable systems; submarine cables provide links to other Nordic countries and Europe; satellite earth stations - NA Eutelsat, NA Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions); note - Norwegia shares the Inmarsat earth station z the other Nordic countries (Dania, Finlandia, Islandia, and Szwecja) (1999)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2.055 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 5.041 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 360 (plus 2,729 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra w north
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.78 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.4% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,577 km (2007)
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