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Kenia (2002)

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Kenia 2002 roku

 Kenia
Podzial administracyjny 7 provinces and 1 area*; Central, Coast, Eastern, Nairobi Terytorium*, North Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 41.1% (male 6,462,430; female 6,327,457)


15-64 years: 56.1% (male 8,769,546; female 8,694,329)


65 years and over: 2.8% (male 385,361; female 499,612) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, tea, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables; dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs
Lotniska 231 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 19


over 3,047 m: 4


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


914 to 1,523 m: 10


under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 211


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 14


914 to 1,523 m: 113


under 914 m: 83 (2002)
Terytorium total: 582,650 sq km


land: 569,250 sq km


water: 13,400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
Tlo historyczne Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenia from independence until his death w 1978, when current President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power w a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenia African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party w Kenia. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure dla political liberalization w late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power w elections w 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but are viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenian people. President MOI stepped down w grudzien of 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI of the Democratic Party of Kenia defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 27.61 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.91 billion


expenditures: $2.97 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.) (2000 est.)
Stolica Nairobi
Klimat varies from tropical along coast to arid w interior
Linia brzegowa 536 km
Konstytucja 12 grudzien 1963, amended as a republic 1964; reissued z amendments 1979, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1997, and 2001
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Kenia


conventional short form: Kenia


former: British East Africa
Waluta Kenian shilling (KES)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 14.68 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $8 billion (2001 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Johnnie CARSON


embassy: US Embassy, P. O. Box 30137 Mombasa Road (near St. James Hospital), Nairobi


mailing address: Box 21A, Unit 64100, APO AE 09831


telephone: [254] (2) 537-800


FAX: [254] (2) 537-810
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Yusuf Abdulraham NZIBO


chancery: 2249 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 387-6101


FAX: [1] (202) 462-3829


consulate(s) general: offices w Los Angeles and New York are closed; mission to the UN remains open
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje since colonial times, Kenia's administrative boundary has extended beyond its treaty boundary into Sudan creating the "Ilemi Triangle"; arms smuggling and Oromo rebel activities prompt strict border regime z Somalia
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $457 million (1997) (1997)
Ekonomia Kenia, the regional hub dla trade and finance w East Africa, is hampered by corruption and reliance upon several primary goods whose prices continue to decline. Following strong economic growth w 1995 and 1996, Kenia's economy has stagnated, z Produkt krajowy brutto growth failing to keep up z the rate of population growth. In 1997, the IMF suspended Kenia's Enhanced Structural Adjustment Program due to the government's failure to maintain reforms and curb corruption. A severe drought from 1999 to 2000 compounded Kenia's problems, causing water and energy rationing and reducing agricultural output. As a result, Produkt krajowy brutto contracted by 0.3% w 2000. The IMF, which had resumed loans w 2000 to help Kenia through the drought, again halted lending w 2001 when the government failed to institute several anticorruption measures. Despite the return of strong rains w 2001, weak commodity prices, endemic corruption, and low investment limited Kenia's economic growth to 1%, and Kenia is unlikely to see growth above 2% w 2002. Substantial IMF and other foreign support is essential to prevent a further decline w real per capita output.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 4.433 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 140 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 4.616 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 22%


hydro: 70%


nuclear: 0%


other: 8% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m


highest point: Mount Kenia 5,199 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation w Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
Kurs waluty Kenian shillings per US dollar - 78.597 (styczen 2002), 78.563 (2001), 76.176 (2000), 70.326 (1999), 60.367 (1998), 58.732 (1997)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Mwai KIBAKI (since 30 grudzien 2002) and Vice President Michael Kijana WAMALWA (since 3 styczen 2003) note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Mwai KIBAKI (since 30 grudzien 2002) and Vice President Michael Kijana WAMALWA (since 3 styczen 2003) note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; w addition to receiving the largest number of votes w absolute terms, the presidential candidate must also win 25% or more of the vote w at least five of Kenia's seven provinces and one area to avoid a runoff; election last held 27 grudzien 2002 (next to be held NA grudzien 2007); vice president appointed by the president


election results: President Mwai KIBAKI elected; percent of vote - Mwai KIBAKI 63%, Uhuru KENYATTA 30%
Eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Eksport $1.8 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Eksport - towary tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement
Eksport - partnerzy UK 13.5%, Tanzania 12.5%, Uganda 12.0%, Niemcy 5.5% (2000)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged w white; a large warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $31 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 24%


industry: 13%


services: 63% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,000 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 1 00 N, 38 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne the Kenian Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions w Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenia, Africa's second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value
Autostrady total: 63,300 km


paved: 8,940 km


unpaved: 54,360 km (2001)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2%


highest 10%: 37% (2000)
Narkotyki widespread harvesting of small plots of marijuana; transit country dla South Asian heroin destined dla Europe and North America; Indien methaqualone also transits on way to Republika Poludniowej Afryki; significant potential dla money-laundering activity given the country's status as a regional financial center, massive corruption, and relatively high levels of narcotics-associated activities
Import 140 million kWh (2000)
Import $3.1 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Import - towary machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics
Import - partnerzy UK 12%, UAE 9.8%, Japonia 6.5%, Indie 4.4% (2000)
Niepodleglosc 12 grudzien 1963 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -0.7% (2001 est.)
Przemysl small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 67.24 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 3.3% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNU, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 65 (2001)
Nawadniane tereny 670 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal (chief justice is appointed by the president); High Court
Sila robocza 10 million (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 75%-80%
Granica total: 3,477 km


border countries: Etiopia 861 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.03%


permanent crops: 0.91%


other: 92.06% (1998 est.)
Jezyki English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
System prawny based on Kenian statutory law, Kenian and English common law, tribal law, and Islamic law; judicial review w High Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations; constitutional amendment of 1982 making Kenia a de jure one-party state repealed w 1991
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (224 seats; 210 members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms, 12 so-called "nominated" members who are appointed by the president but selected by the parties w proportion to their parliamentary vote totals, 2 ex-officio members)


elections: last held 27 grudzien 2002 (next to be held by early 2007)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NARC 125, KANU 64, FORD-P 14, other 7; ex-officio 2; seats appointed by the president - NARC 7, KANU 4, FORD-P 1
Zywotnosc total population: 47.02 years


male: 46.2 years


female: 47.85 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 78.1%


male: 86.3%


female: 70% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Eastern Africa, bordering the Ocean Indyjski, between Somalia and Tanzania
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation


exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,893 GRT/6,320 DWT


ships by type: petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy, Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $179.2 million (FY01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.8% (FY01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 7,938,865 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 4,915,090 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 12 grudzien (1963)
Narodowosc noun: Kenian(s)


adjective: Kenian
Naturalne zagrozenia recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
Surowce naturalne gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -1.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population


note: according to UNHCR, by the end of 2001 Kenia was host to 220,000 refugees from neighboring countries, including: Somalia 145,000 and Sudan 68,000 (2002 est.)
Rurociagi petroleum products 483 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Forum dla the Restoration of Democracy-People or FORD-People [Kimaniwa NYOIKE, chairman]; Kenia African National Union or KANU [Uhuru KENYATTA]; National Rainbow Coalition or NARC [Mwai KIBAKI] - the governing party
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow human rights groups; labor unions; Muslim organizations; National Convention Executive Council or NCEC, a proreform coalition of political parties and nongovernment organizations [Kivutha KIBWANA]; Protestant National Council of Churches of Kenia or NCCK [Mutava MUSYIMI]; Roman Catholic and other Christian churches; Supreme Council of Kenia Muslims or SUPKEM [Shaykh Abdul Gafur al-BUSAIDY, chairman]
Ludnosc 31,138,735


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 50% (2000 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.15% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Kisumu, Lamu, Mombasa
Stacje radiowe AM 24, FM 18, shortwave 6 (2001)
Radia 3.07 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,778 km


narrow gauge: 2,778 km 1.000-m gauge


note: the line connecting Nairobi z the port of Mombasa is the most important w the country
Religie Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, indigenous beliefs 10%, Muslim 10%, other 2%


note: a large majority of Kenians are Christian, but estimates dla the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female


total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: unreliable; little attempt to modernize except dla service to business


domestic: trunks are primarily microwave radio relay; business data commonly transferred by a very small aperture terminal (VSAT) system


international: satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 310,000 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe 540,000 (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 8 (2002)
Uksztaltowanie terenu low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau w west
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.34 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 40% (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne NA


note: part of the Lake Victoria system is within the boundaries of Kenia
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