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Jemen (2008)

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Jemen 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 19 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Abyan, 'Adan, Ad Dali', Al Bayda', Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf, Al Mahrah, Al Mahwit, 'Amran, Dhamar, Hadramawt, Hajjah, Ibb, Lahij, Ma'rib, Sa'dah, San'a', Shabwah, Ta'izz

note: dla electoral and administrative purposes, the capital city of Sanaa is treated as an additional governorate
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 46.3% (male 5,239,003/female 5,047,301)

15-64 years: 51.1% (male 5,781,491/female 5,585,152)

65 years and over: 2.6% (male 281,121/female 296,463) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
Lotniska 50 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 17

over 3,047 m: 4

2,438 to 3,047 m: 8

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 33

over 3,047 m: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 8

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 13

under 914 m: 4 (2007)
Terytorium total: 527,970 sq km

land: 527,970 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Perim, Socotra, the former Jemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Jemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Jemen (PDRY or South Jemen)
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming
Tlo historyczne North Jemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire w 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden w the 19th century, withdrew w 1967 from what became South Jemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Jemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Jemen w 1990. A southern secessionist movement w 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Arabia Saudyjska and Jemen agreed to a delimitation of their border.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 42.67 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $7.902 billion

expenditures: $8.167 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Sanaa

geographic coordinates: 15 21 N, 44 12 E

time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate w western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert w east
Linia brzegowa 1,906 km
Konstytucja 16 maj 1991; amended 29 wrzesien 1994 and luty 2001
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Jemen

conventional short form: Jemen

local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Yamaniyah

local short form: Al Yaman

former: Jemen Arab Republic [Jemen (Sanaa) or North Jemen] and People's Democratic Republic of Jemen [Jemen (Aden) or South Jemen]
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.05 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $6.122 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Stephen A. SECHE

embassy: Sa'awan Street, Sanaa

mailing address: P. O. Box 22347, Sanaa

telephone: [967] (1) 755-2000 ext. 2153 or 2266

FAX: [967] (1) 303-182
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Abd al-Wahab Abdallah al-HAJRI

chancery: 2319 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 965-4760

FAX: [1] (202) 337-2017
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Arabia Saudyjska has reinforced its concrete-filled security barrier along sections of the fully demarcated border z Jemen to stem illegal cross-border activities
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $2.3 billion (2003-07 disbursements)
Ekonomia Jemen, one of the poorest countries w the Arab world, reported average annual growth w the range of 3-4% from 2000 through 2007. Its economic fortunes depend mostly on declining oil resources, but the country is trying to diversify its earnings. In 2006 Jemen began an economic reform program designed to bolster non-oil sectors of the economy and foreign investment. As a result of the program, international donors pledged about $5 billion dla development projects. In addition, Jemen has made some progress on reforms over the last year that will likely encourage foreign investment. Oil revenues probably increased w 2007 as a result of higher prices.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 3.381 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 4.456 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m

highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3,760 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy very limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
Kurs waluty Jemeni rials per US dollar - 199.14 (2007), 197.18 (2006), 192.67 (2005), 184.78 (2004), 183.45 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ali Abdallah SALIH (since 22 maj 1990, the former president of North Jemen, assumed office upon the merger of North and South Jemen); Vice President Maj. Gen. Abd al-Rab Mansur al-HADI (since 3 pazdziernik 1994)

head of government: Prime Minister Ali Muhammad MUJAWWAR (since 31 marzec 2007); Deputy Prime Minister Rashad Muhammad al-ALIMI

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a seven-year term; election last held 20 wrzesien 2006 (next to be held w wrzesien 2013); vice president appointed by the president; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president

election results: Ali Abdallah SALIH elected president; percent of vote - Ali Abdallah SALIH 77.2%, Faysal BIN SHAMLAN 21.8%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $7.586 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 320,600 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 31.4%, Indie 17.4%, Tajlandia 16.7%, South Korea 7%, US 6.7%, UAE 4.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; similar to the flag of Syria, which has two green stars w the white band, and of Irak, which has an Arabic inscription centered w the white band; also similar to the flag of Egipt, which has a heraldic eagle centered w the white band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 12.4%

industry: 40.9%

services: 46.7% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.2% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 15 00 N, 48 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location on Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3%

highest 10%: 25.9% (2003)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $6.592 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 58,100 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Import - partnerzy UAE 16.4%, Chiny 12.8%, Arabia Saudyjska 7.7%, Kuwejt 5.8%, Brazylia 4.5%, Malezja 4.2%, US 4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 22 maj 1990 (Republic of Jemen was established z the merger of the Jemen Arab Republic [Jemen (Sanaa) or North Jemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Jemen [Jemen (Aden) or South Jemen]); note - previously North Jemen became independent w listopad 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) and became a republic z the overthrow of the theocratic Imamate w 1962; South Jemen became independent on 30 listopad 1967 (from the UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 57.88 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 62.48 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 53.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 10.7% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AFESD, AMF, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny 5,500 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza 6.316 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki note: most people are employed w agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account dla less than one-fourth of the labor force
Granica total: 1,746 km

border countries: Oman 288 km, Arabia Saudyjska 1,458 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.91%

permanent crops: 0.25%

other: 96.84% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic
System prawny based on Islamic law, Turkish law, English common law, and local tribal customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza a bicameral legislature consisting of a Shura Council (111 seats; members appointed by the president) and a House of Representatives (301 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections: last held on 27 kwiecien 2003 (next to be held w kwiecien 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - GPC 228, Islah 47, YSP 7, Nasserite Unionist Party 3, National Arab Socialist Ba'th Party 2, independents 14
Zywotnosc total population: 62.52 years

male: 60.61 years

female: 64.54 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 50.2%

male: 70.5%

female: 30% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 4 ships (1000 GRT or over) 15,474 GRT/18,072 DWT

by type: cargo 1, chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1

registered w other countries: 12 (Boliwia 1, Kambodza 3, North Korea 2, Panama 5, St Kitts and Nevis 1) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi a Coast Guard was established w 2002
Wojsko Army (includes Republican Guard), Navy (includes Marines), Jemen Air Force (includes Air Defense Force) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 6.6% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Unification Day, 22 maj (1990)
Narodowosc noun: Jemeni(s)

adjective: Jemeni
Naturalne zagrozenia sandstorms and dust storms w summer
Surowce naturalne petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil w west
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 71 km; liquid petroleum gas 22 km; oil 1,309 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy General People's Congress or GPC [Abdul-Kader BAJAMMAL]; Islamic Reform Grouping or Islah [Mohammed Abdullah AL-YADOUMI (acting)]; Nasserite Unionist Party [Abdal Malik al-MAKHLAFI]; National Arab Socialist Ba'th Party [Dr. Qasim SALAM]; Jemeni Socialist Party or YSP [Ali Salih MUQBIL]; note - there are at least seven more active political parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 22,230,531 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 45.2% (2003)
Przyrost naturalny 3.461% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 1, shortwave 2 (1998)
Religie Muslim including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.038 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.035 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.948 male(s)/female

total population: 1.034 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: since unification w 1990, efforts have been made to create a national telecommunications network

domestic: the national network consists of microwave radio relay, cable, tropospheric scatter, and GSM cellular mobile telephone systems; fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity remains low by regional standards

international: country code - 967; landing point dla the international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Ocean Indyjski and 1 Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Intersputnik (Ocean Atlantycki region), and 2 Arabsat; microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska and Dzibuti
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 968,400 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 2 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (including one Egipt-based station that broadcasts w Jemen); (plus several repeaters) (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains w center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.49 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 35% (2003 est.)
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