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Gwinea Bissau (2008)

Gwinea Bissau - wybierz rok:
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau (2001) (porownaj)
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau (2002) (porownaj)
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau (2003) (porownaj)
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau (2004) (porownaj)
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau (2005) (porownaj)
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau (2006) (porownaj)
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau (2007) (porownaj)

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Gwinea Bissau 2008 roku

 Gwinea Bissau
Podzial administracyjny 9 regions (regioes, singular - regiao); Bafata, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, Tombali; note - Bolama may have been renamed Bolama/Bijagos
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 41.2% (male 302,408/female 303,786)

15-64 years: 55.8% (male 394,799/female 427,055)

65 years and over: 3% (male 18,463/female 26,269) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, cotton; timber; fish
Lotniska 27 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 24

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 19 (2007)
Terytorium total: 36,120 sq km

land: 28,000 sq km

water: 8,120 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Since independence from Portugalia w 1974, Gwinea Bissau has experienced considerable political and military upheaval. In 1980, a military coup established authoritarian dictator Joao Bernardo 'Nino' VIEIRA as president. Despite setting a path to a market economy and multiparty system, VIEIRA's regime was characterized by the suppression of political opposition and the purging of political rivals. Several coup attempts through the 1980s and early 1990s failed to unseat him. In 1994 VIEIRA was elected president w the country's first free elections. A military mutiny and resulting civil war w 1998 eventually led to VIEIRA's ouster w maj 1999. In luty 2000, a transitional government turned over power to opposition leader Kumba YALA, after he was elected president w transparent polling. In wrzesien 2003, after only three years w office, YALA was ousted by the military w a bloodless coup, and businessman Henrique ROSA was sworn w as interim president. In 2005, former President VIEIRA was re-elected president pledging to pursue economic development and national reconciliation.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 36.81 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $NA

expenditures: $NA
Stolica name: Bissau

geographic coordinates: 11 51 N, 15 35 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (czerwiec to listopad) z southwesterly winds; dry season (grudzien to maj) z northeasterly harmattan winds
Linia brzegowa 350 km
Konstytucja 16 maj 1984; amended 4 maj 1991, 4 grudzien 1991, 26 luty 1993, 9 czerwiec 1993, and w 1996
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Gwinea Bissau

conventional short form: Gwinea Bissau

local long form: Republica da Guine-Bissau

local short form: Guine-Bissau

former: Portuguese Gwinea
Wspolczynnik zgonow 16.29 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $941.5 million (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US Embassy suspended operations on 14 czerwiec 1998 w the midst of violent conflict between forces loyal to then President VIEIRA and military-led junta; the US Ambassador to Senegal is accredited to Gwinea Bissau
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: none; note - Gwinea Bissau does not have official representation w Washington, DC
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 2006, political instability within Senegal's Casamance region resulted w thousands of Senegalese refugees, cross-border raids, and arms smuggling into Gwinea Bissau
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $79.12 million (2005)
Ekonomia One of the five poorest countries w the world, Gwinea Bissau depends mainly on farming and fishing. Cashew crops have increased remarkably w recent years, and the country now ranks sixth w cashew production. Gwinea Bissau exports fish and seafood along z small amounts of peanuts, palm kernels, and timber. Rice is the major crop and staple food. However, intermittent fighting between Senegalese-backed government troops and a military junta destroyed much of the country's infrastructure and caused widespread damage to the economy w 1998; the civil war led to a 28% drop w Produkt krajowy brutto that year, z partial recovery w 1999-2002. Before the war, trade reform and price liberalization were the most successful part of the country's structural adjustment program under IMF sponsorship. The tightening of monetary policy and the development of the private sector had also begun to reinvigorate the economy. Because of high costs, the development of petroleum, phosphate, and other mineral resources is not a near-term prospect. Offshore oil prospecting is underway w several sectors but has not yet led to commercially viable crude deposits. The inequality of income distribution is one of the most extreme w the world. The government and international donors continue to work out plans to forward economic development from a lamentably low base. In grudzien 2003, the Swiat Bank, IMF, and UNDP were forced to step w to provide emergency budgetary support w the amount of $107 million dla 2004, representing over 80% of the total national budget. Government drift and indecision, however, resulted w continued low growth w 2002-06. Higher raw material prices boosted growth to 3.7% w 2007.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 55.8 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 60 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: unnamed location w the northeast corner of the country 300 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne African 99% (includes Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 493.51 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)

note: since 1 styczen 1999, the XOF franc has been pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF francs per euro
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Joao Bernardo 'Nino' VIEIRA (since 1 pazdziernik 2005)

head of government: Prime Minister Martinho N'Dafa CABI (since 9 kwiecien 2007)

cabinet: NA

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (no term limits); election last held 24 lipiec 2005 (next to be held w 2010); prime minister appointed by the president after consultation z party leaders w the legislature

election results: Joao Bernardo VIEIRA elected president; percent of vote, second ballot - Joao Bernardo VIEIRA 52.4%, Malam Bacai SANHA 47.6%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $133 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary cashew nuts, shrimp, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn lumber
Eksport - partnerzy Indie 76.1%, Nigeria 18.1%, Wlochy 1.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green z a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered w the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 62%

industry: 12%

services: 26% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 12 00 N, 15 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne this small country is swampy along its western coast and low-lying further inland
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.5%

highest 10%: 42.4% (1991)
Narkotyki increasingly important transit country dla South American cocaine enroute to Europe; enabling environment dla trafficker operations thanks to pervasive corruption; archipelago-like geography around the capital facilitates drug smuggling
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $200 million f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 2,463 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy Portugalia 18.7%, Senegal 16.3%, Wlochy 13%, Pakistan 4.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 24 wrzesien 1973 (declared); 10 wrzesien 1974 (recognized by Portugalia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.7% (2003 est.)
Przemysl agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 103.5 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 113.7 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 93.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, CPLP, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 250 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal da Justica (consists of nine justices appointed by the president and serve at his pleasure; final court of appeals w criminal and civil cases); Regional Courts (one w each of nine regions; first court of appeals dla Sectoral Court decisions; hear all felony cases and civil cases valued at over $1,000); 24 Sectoral Courts (judges are not necessarily trained lawyers; they hear civil cases under $1,000 and misdemeanor criminal cases)
Sila robocza 480,000 (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 82%

industry and services: 18% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 724 km

border countries: Gwinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 8.31%

permanent crops: 6.92%

other: 84.77% (2005)
Jezyki Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages
System prawny based on French civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National People's Assembly or Assembleia Nacional Popular (100 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 28 marzec 2004 (next to be held w 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - PAIGC 31.5%, PRS 24.8%, PUSD 16.1%, UE 4.1%, APU 1.3%, 13 other parties 22.2%; seats by party - PAIGC 45, PRS 35, PUSD 17, UE 2, APU 1
Zywotnosc total population: 47.18 years

male: 45.37 years

female: 49.04 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 42.4%

male: 58.1%

female: 27.4% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Gwinea and Senegal
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko People's Revolutionary Armed Force (FARP): Army, Navy, Air Force; paramilitary force
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.1% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 24 wrzesien (1973)
Narodowosc noun: Gwinean(s)

adjective: Gwinean
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires
Surowce naturalne fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy African Party dla the Niepodleglosc of Gwinea Bissau and Republika Zielonego Przyladka or PAIGC [Carlos GOMES Junior]; Party dla Social Renewal or PRS [Kumba YALA]; Democratic Social Front or FDS; Electoral Union or UE; Gwinea Bissau Civic Forum/Social Democracy or FCGSD [Antonieta Rosa GOMES]; Gwinea Bissau Democratic Party or PDG; Gwinea Bissau Socialist Democratic Party or PDSG [Serifo BALDE]; Labor and Solidarity Party or PST [Iancuba INDJAI]; Party dla Democratic Convergence or PCD [Victor MANDINGA]; Party dla Renewal and Progress or PRP; Progress Party or PP [Ibrahima SOW]; Union dla Change or UM [Amine SAAD]; Union of Gwinean Patriots or UPG [Francisca VAZ]; United Platform or UP (coalition formed by PCD, FDS, FLING, and RGB-MB); United Popular Alliance or APU; United Social Democratic Party or PUSD
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 1,472,780 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.052% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1 (transmitter out of service), FM 4, shortwave 0 (2001)
Religie indigenous beliefs 50%, Muslim 45%, Christian 5%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 0.995 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.924 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.703 male(s)/female

total population: 0.945 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: small system

domestic: combination of microwave radio relay, open-wire lines, radiotelephone, and cellular communications; fixed-line teledensity less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity reached 7 per 100 w 2005

international: country code - 245
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 10,200 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 95,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne NA (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.79 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne rivers are navigable dla some distance; many inlets and creeks give shallow-water access to much of interior (2007)
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