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Guinea (2008)

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Guinea 2008 year

Administrative divisions 33 prefectures and 1 special zone (zone special)*; Beyla, Boffa, Boke, Conakry*, Coyah, Dabola, Dalaba, Dinguiraye, Dubreka, Faranah, Forecariah, Fria, Gaoual, Gueckedou, Kankan, Kerouane, Kindia, Kissidougou, Koubia, Koundara, Kouroussa, Labe, Lelouma, Lola, Macenta, Mali, Mamou, Mandiana, Nzerekore, Pita, Siguiri, Telimele, Tougue, Yomou
Age structure 0-14 years: 44.3% (male 2,226,414/female 2,183,153)

15-64 years: 52.5% (male 2,611,833/female 2,610,773)

65 years and over: 3.2% (male 138,392/female 177,249) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber
Airports 16 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 5

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 11

1,524 to 2,437 m: 6

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Area total: 245,857 sq km

land: 245,857 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oregon
Background Guinea has had only two presidents since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou TOURE. Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls have been marred by irregularities. Guinea has maintained its internal stability despite spillover effects from conflict in Sierra Leone and Liberia. As those countries have rebuilt, Guinea's own vulnerability to political and economic crisis has increased. Declining economic conditions and popular dissatisfaction with corruption and bad governance prompted two massive strikes in 2006; a third nationwide strike in early 2007 sparked violent protests in many Guinean cities and prompted two weeks of martial law. To appease the unions and end the unrest, CONTE named a new prime minister in March 2007.
Birth rate 41.53 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $382 million

expenditures: $817.4 million (2007 est.)
Capital name: Conakry

geographic coordinates: 9 33 N, 13 42 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Coastline 320 km
Constitution 23 December 1990 (Loi Fundamentale)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Guinea

conventional short form: Guinea

local long form: Republique de Guinee

local short form: Guinee

former: French Guinea
Death rate 15.33 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $3.298 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Phillip CARTER III

embassy: Koloma, Conakry, east of Hamdallaye Circle

mailing address: B. P. 603, Transversale No. 2, Centre Administratif de Koloma, Commune de Ratoma, Conakry

telephone: [224] 30-42-08-61 through 68

FAX: [224] 30-42-08-73
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Mory Karamoko KABA

chancery: 2112 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 483-9420

FAX: [1] (202) 483-8688
Disputes - international conflicts among rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs in neighboring states have spilled over into Guinea, resulting in domestic instability; Sierra Leone considers Guinea's definition of the flood plain limits to define the left bank boundary of the Makona and Moa rivers excessive and protests Guinea's continued occupation of these lands, including the hamlet of Yenga, occupied since 1998
Economic aid - recipient $182.1 million (2005)
Economy - overview Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country has almost half of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second-largest bauxite producer. The mining sector accounts for over 70% of exports. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. Investor confidence has been sapped by rampant corruption, a lack of electricity and other infrastructure, a lack of skilled workers, and the political uncertainty due to the failing health of President Lansana CONTE. Guinea is trying to reengage with the IMF and World Bank, which cut off most assistance in 2003, and is working closely with technical advisors from the U.S. Treasury Department, the World Bank and IMF, seeking to return to a fully funded program. Growth rose slightly in 2006-07, primarily due to increases in global demand and commodity prices on world markets, but the standard of living fell. The Guinea franc depreciated sharply as the prices for basic necessities like food and fuel rose beyond the reach of most Guineans. Dissatisfaction with economic conditions prompted nationwide strikes in February and June 2006.
Electricity - consumption 832.9 million kWh (2006)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2006)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2006)
Electricity - production 840 million kWh

note: excludes electricity generated at interior mining sites (2006)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m
Environment - current issues deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
Exchange rates Guinean francs per US dollar - 4,122.8 (2007), 5,350 (2006), 3,644.3 (2005), 2,225 (2004), 1,984.9 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: President Lansana CONTE (head of military government since 5 April 1984, elected president 19 December 1993)

head of government: Prime Minister Lansana KOUYATE (since 26 February 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (no term limits); candidate must receive a majority of the votes cast to be elected president; election last held 21 December 2003 (next to be held in December 2010); the prime minister is appointed by the president

election results: Lansana CONTE reelected president; percent of vote - Lansana CONTE 95.3%, Mamadou Bhoye BARRY 4.6%
Exports 0 kWh (2006)
Exports $998 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
Exports - partners Russia 11.6%, Ukraine 9.6%, Spain 9%, South Korea 8.8%, France 7.7%, US 7.7%, Germany 5.4%, Ireland 5.1% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 22%

industry: 40.5%

services: 37.6% (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1.5% (2007 est.)
Geographic coordinates 11 00 N, 10 00 W
Geography - note the Niger and its important tributary the Milo have their sources in the Guinean highlands
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 1.9%

highest 10%: 41% (2006)
Imports 0 kWh (2006)
Imports $838 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 8,481 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs
Imports - partners China 8.6%, France 8%, Netherlands 4.8%, Belgium 4.4% (2006)
Independence 2 October 1958 (from France)
Industrial production growth rate 7.6% (2007 est.)
Industries bauxite, gold, diamonds, iron; alumina refining; light manufacturing, and agricultural processing
Infant mortality rate total: 88.58 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 93.68 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 83.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 20% (2007 est.)
Irrigated land 950 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch Court of First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Labor force 3.7 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 76%

industry and services: 24% (2006 est.)
Land boundaries total: 3,399 km

border countries: Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km
Land use arable land: 4.47%

permanent crops: 2.64%

other: 92.89% (2005)
Languages French (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language
Legal system based on French civil law system, customary law, and decree; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Legislative branch unicameral People's National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale Populaire (114 seats; members are elected by a mixed system of direct popular vote and proportional party lists

elections: last held 30 June 2002 (next to be held in 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - PUP 61.6%, UPR 26.6%, other 11.8%; seats by party - PUP 85, UPR 20, other 9

note: legislative elections were due in 2007 but have been postponed
Life expectancy at birth total population: 49.65 years

male: 48.5 years

female: 50.84 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 29.5%

male: 42.6%

female: 18.1% (2003 est.)
Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Map references Africa
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force, Presidential Guard (2007)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1.7% (2006)
National holiday Independence Day, 2 October (1958)
Nationality noun: Guinean(s)

adjective: Guinean
Natural hazards hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
Natural resources bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders National Union for Progress or UPN [Mamadou Bhoye BARRY]; Party for Unity and Progress or PUP (the governing party) [Lansana CONTE]; People's Party of Guinea or PPG [Charles Pascal TOLNO]; Rally for the Guinean People or RPG [Alpha CONDE]; Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea or UFDG [Cellou Dalein DIALLO]; Union of Republican Forces or UFR [Sidya TOURE]; Union for Progress of Guinea or UPG [Jean-Marie DORE, secretary-general]; Union for Progress and Renewal or UPR [Ousmane BAH]
Political pressure groups and leaders National Confederation of Guinean Workers - Labor Union of Guinean Workers or CNTG-USTG Alliance: National Confederation of Guinean Workers [Rabiatou Sarah DIALLO] and Labor Union of Guinean Workers [Dr. Ibrahima FOFANA]; Syndicate of Guinean Teachers and Researchers or SLECG [Dr. Louis M'Bemba SOUMAH]; National Council of Civil Society Organizations of Guinea CNOSCG [Ben Sekou SYLLA]
Population 9,947,814 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line 47% (2006 est.)
Population growth rate 2.62% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 0, FM 5, shortwave 3 (2006)
Railways total: 837 km

standard gauge: 175 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 662 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religions Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.781 male(s)/female

total population: 1.001 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: inadequate system of open-wire lines, small radiotelephone communication stations, and new microwave radio relay system

domestic: Conakry reasonably well served; coverage elsewhere remains inadequate and large companies tend to rely on their own systems for nationwide links; combined fixed and mobile-cellular teledensity is about 2 per 100 persons

international: country code - 224; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 26,300 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular 189,000 (2005)
Television broadcast stations 6 (2001)
Terrain generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior
Total fertility rate 5.75 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways 1,300 km (navigable by shallow-draft native craft) (2005)
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