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Guinea (2001)

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Guinea 2001 year

Administrative divisions 33 prefectures and 1 special zone (zone special)*; Beyla, Boffa, Boke, Conakry*, Coyah, Dabola, Dalaba, Dinguiraye, Dubreka, Faranah, Forecariah, Fria, Gaoual, Gueckedou, Kankan, Kerouane, Kindia, Kissidougou, Koubia, Koundara, Kouroussa, Labe, Lelouma, Lola, Macenta, Mali, Mamou, Mandiana, Nzerekore, Pita, Siguiri, Telimele, Tougue, Yomou
Age structure 0-14 years:
43.12% (male 1,637,000; female 1,645,786)

15-64 years:
54.19% (male 2,015,199; female 2,110,745)

65 years and over:
2.69% (male 84,586; female 120,554) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber
Airports 15 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
245,857 sq km

245,857 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oregon
Background Independent from France since 1958, Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. Lansana CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998. Unrest in Sierra Leone has spilled over into Guinea, threatening stability and creating a humanitarian emergency.
Birth rate 39.78 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:

$417.7 million, including capital expenditures of $NA million (2000 est.)
Capital Conakry
Climate generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Coastline 320 km
Constitution 23 December 1990 (Loi Fundamentale)
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Guinea

conventional short form:

local long form:
Republique de Guinee

local short form:

French Guinea
Currency Guinean franc (GNF)
Death rate 17.53 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $3.6 billion (1999 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Charge d'Affaires Timberlake FOSTER

Rue Ka 038, Conakry

mailing address:
B. P. 603, Conakry

[224] 41 15 20, 41 15 21, 41 15 23

[224] 41 15 22
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Mohamed Aly THIAM

2112 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

[1] (202) 483-9420

[1] (202) 483-8688
Disputes - international border incursions by Revolutionary United Front combatants from Sierra Leone; civil war in that country has engendered a massive flow of refugees to southern Guinea and Liberia
Economic aid - recipient $359.2 million (1998)
Economy - overview Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains a poor underdeveloped nation. The country possesses over 30% of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second largest bauxite producer. The mining sector accounted for about 75% of exports in 1999. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. The government made encouraging progress in budget management in 1997-99, and reform progress was praised in the World Bank/IMF October 2000 assessment. However, escalating fighting along the Sierra Leonean and Liberian borders will cause major economic disruptions. In addition to direct defense costs, the violence has led to a sharp decline in investor confidence. Foreign mining companies have reduced expatriate staff, while panic buying has created food shortages and inflation in local markets. Real GDP growth is expected to fall to 2% in 2001.
Electricity - consumption 697.5 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 750 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Mont Nimba 1,752 m
Environment - current issues deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
Exchange rates Guinean francs per US dollar - 1,855.0 (October 2000), 1,572.0 (2000), 1,387.4 (1999), 1,236.8 (1998), 1,095.3 (1997), 1,004.0 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Lansana CONTE (head of military government since 5 April 1984, elected president 19 December 1993)

head of government:
Prime Minister Lamine SIDIME (since 8 March 1999)

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; candidate must receive a majority of the votes cast to be elected president; election last held 14 December 1998 (next to be held NA December 2003); the prime minister is appointed by the president

election results:
Lansana CONTE reelected president; percent of vote - Lansana CONTE (PUP) 56.1%, Mamadou Boye BA (UNR-PRP) 24.6%, Alpha CONDE (RPG) 16.6%,
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $820 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Exports - commodities bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
Exports - partners US, Benelux, Ukraine, Ireland (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Rwanda, which has a large black letter R centered in the yellow band
GDP purchasing power parity - $10 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


42.4% (1998 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,300 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 11 00 N, 10 00 W
Highways total:
30,500 km

5,033 km

25,467 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
32% (1994)
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $634 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Imports - commodities petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs
Imports - partners France, Belgium, US, Cote d'Ivoire (1999)
Independence 2 October 1958 (from France)
Industrial production growth rate 3.2% (1994)
Industries bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries
Infant mortality rate 129.03 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land 930 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel
Labor force 3 million (1999)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries total:
3,399 km

border countries:
Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

17% (1993 est.)
Languages French (official), each ethnic group has its own language
Legal system based on French civil law system, customary law, and decree; legal codes currently being revised; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral People's National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale Populaire (114 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)

last held 11 June 1995 (next scheduled for 26 November 2000 postponed indefinitely due to border fighting with rebels from Sierra Leone and Liberia)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PUP 71, RPG 19, PRP 9, UNR 9, UPG 2, PDG-AST 1, UNP 1, PDG-RDA 1, other 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
45.91 years

43.49 years

48.42 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


21.9% (1995 est.)
Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Map references Africa
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force, Republican Guard, Presidential Guard, paramilitary National Gendarmerie, National Police Force (Surete National)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $56 million (FY96)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1.4% (FY96)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
1,764,912 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
891,166 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 2 October (1958)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
Natural resources bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish
Net migration rate -2.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)

as a result of civil war in neighboring countries, Guinea is host to almost half a million Liberian and Sierra Leonean refugees
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party of Guinea or PDG-AST [Marcel CROS]; Democratic Party of Guinea-African Democratic Rally or PDG-RDA [El Hadj Ismael Mohamed Gassim GUSHEIN]; National Union for Progress or UNP [Paul Louis FABER]; Party for Unity and Progress or PUP [Lansana CONTE] - the governing party; Party for Renewal and Progress or PRP [Siradiou DIALLO]; Rally for the Guinean People or RPG [Alpha CONDE]; Union for Progress of Guinea or UPG [Jean-Marie DORE, secretary-general]; Union for the New Republic or UNR [Mamadou Boye BA]; Union of Republican Forces or UFR [Sidya TOURE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 7,613,870 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line 40% (1994 est.)
Population growth rate 1.96% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Boke, Conakry, Kamsar
Radio broadcast stations AM 4, FM 8, shortwave 3 (1998)
Radios 357,000 (1997)
Railways total:
1,086 km

standard gauge:
279 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge:
807 km 1.000-m gauge (includes 662 km in common carrier service from Kankan to Conakry)
Religions Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
0.99 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.7 male(s)/female

total population:
0.96 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
poor to fair system of open-wire lines, small radiotelephone communication stations, and new microwave radio relay system

microwave radio relay and radiotelephone communication

satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 20,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,868 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 6 (1997)
Terrain generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior
Total fertility rate 5.39 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways 1,295 km (navigable by shallow-draft native craft)
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