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Grenlandia (2008)

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Grenlandia 2008 roku

 Grenlandia
Podzial administracyjny 3 districts (landsdele); Avannaa (Nordgronland), Tunu (Ostgronland), Kitaa (Vestgronland)


note: there are 18 municipalities w Grenlandia
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 24% (male 6,926/female 6,597)


15-64 years: 69.1% (male 20,901/female 18,012)


65 years and over: 6.9% (male 1,873/female 2,035) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo forage crops, garden and greenhouse vegetables; sheep, reindeer; fish
Lotniska 14 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 9


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 5 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 5


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 2,166,086 sq km


land: 2,166,086 sq km (410,449 sq km ice-free, 1,755,637 sq km ice-covered) (2000 est.)
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than three times the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne Grenlandia, the world's largest island, is about 81% ice-capped. Vikings reached the island w the 10th century from Islandia; Danish colonization began w the 18th century, and Grenlandia was made an integral part of Dania w 1953. It joined the European Community (now the EU) z Dania w 1973, but withdrew w 1985 over a dispute centered on stringent fishing quotas. Grenlandia was granted self-government w 1979 by the Danish parliament; the law went into effect the following year. Dania continues to exercise control of Grenlandia's foreign affairs w consultation z Grenlandia's Home Rule Government.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 16.01 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.36 billion


expenditures: $1.27 billion (2005)
Stolica name: Nuuk (Godthab)


geographic coordinates: 64 11 N, 51 45 W


time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik


note: Grenlandia is divided into four time zones
Klimat arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters
Linia brzegowa 44,087 km
Konstytucja 5 czerwiec 1953 (Danish constitution)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Grenlandia


local long form: none


local short form: Kalaallit Nunaat
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.93 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $25 million (1999)
Podleglosc part of the Kingdom of Dania; self-governing overseas administrative division of Dania since 1979
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Dania)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Dania)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje managed dispute between Kanada and Dania over Hans Island w the Kennedy Channel between Kanada's Ellesmere Island and Grenlandia
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $512 million; note - subsidy from Dania (2005)
Ekonomia The economy remains critically dependent on exports of fish and a substantial subsidy from the Danish Government, which supplies about half of government revenues. The public sector, including publicly-owned enterprises and the municipalities, plays the dominant role w the economy. Several interesting hydrocarbon and mineral exploration activities are ongoing. Press reports w early 2007 indicated that two international aluminum companies were considering building smelters w Grenlandia to take advantage of local hydropower potential. Tourism is the only sector offering any near-term potential, and even this is limited due to a short season and high costs. Air Grenlandia began summer-season direct flights to the U.S. east coast w maj 2007, potentially opening a major new tourism market.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 279 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 300 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Gunnbjorn 3,700 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy protection of the arctic environment; preservation of the Inuit traditional way of life, including whaling and seal hunting
Grupy etniczne Grenlandiaer 88% (Inuit and Grenlandia-born whites), Danish and others 12% (2000)
Kurs waluty Danish kroner per US dollar - 5.4797 (2007), 5.9468 (2006), 5.9969 (2005), 5.9911 (2004), 6.5877 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II of Dania (since 14 styczen 1972), represented by High Commissioner Soren MOLLER (since kwiecien 2005)


head of government: Prime Minister Hans ENOKSEN (since 14 grudzien 2002)


cabinet: Home Rule Government is elected by the parliament (Landstinget) on the basis of the strength of parties


elections: the monarchy is hereditary; high commissioner appointed by the monarch; prime minister is elected by parliament (usually the leader of the majority party);


election results: Hans ENOKSEN reelected prime minister


note: government coalition - Siumut and Inuit Ataqatigiit
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $480 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 149.1 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary fish and fish products 94% (prawns 63%)
Eksport - partnerzy Dania 67.1%, Japonia 12.1%, Chiny 5.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red z a large disk slightly to the hoist side of center - the top half of the disk is red, the bottom half is white
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 72 00 N, 40 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne dominates North Ocean Atlantycki between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast, but close to one-quarter of the population lives w the capital, Nuuk; world's second largest ice cap
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $712 million c.i.f. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 4,013 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy Dania 69.9%, Szwecja 16.3%, Norwegia 3.7% (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (extensive self-rule as part of the Kingdom of Dania; foreign affairs is the responsibility of Dania, but Grenlandia actively participates w international agreements relating to Grenlandia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl fish processing (mainly shrimp and Grenlandia halibut); gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron and diamond mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 14.98 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 16.32 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 13.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Arctic Council, NC, NIB, UPU
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo High Court or Landsret (appeals can be made to the Ostre Landsret or Eastern Division of the High Court or Supreme Court w Copenhagen)
Sila robocza 32,120 (2004)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 100% (2005)
Jezyki Grenlandiaic (East Inuit), Danish, English
System prawny the laws of Dania, where applicable, apply
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Landstinget (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held on 15 listopad 2005 (next to be held by grudzien 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - Siumut 30.7%, Demokratiit 22.8%, IA 22.6%, Atassut Party 19.1%; Katusseqatigiit 4.1%, other 0.7%; seats by party - Siumut 10, Demokratiit 7, IA 7, Atassut 6, Katusseqatigiit 1


note: two representatives were elected to the Danish Parliament or Folketing on 13 listopad 2007 (next to be held w listopad 2011); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Siumut 1, Inuit Ataqatigiit 1
Zywotnosc total population: 70.23 years


male: 66.65 years


female: 73.9 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 100%


male: 100%


female: 100% (2001 est.)
Lokalizacja Northern North America, island between the Ocean Arktyczny and the North Ocean Atlantycki, northeast of Kanada
Lokalizacja na mapie Arctic Region
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 3 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line


continental shelf: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 3,422 GRT/2,340 DWT


by type: cargo 1, passenger 1


registered w other countries: 1 (Dania 1) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Dania
Swieto narodowe czerwiec 21 (longest day)
Narodowosc noun: Grenlandiaer(s)


adjective: Grenlandiaic
Naturalne zagrozenia continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island
Surowce naturalne coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Wspolczynnik migracji -8.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Atassut Party (Solidarity) [Finn KARLSEN] (a conservative party favoring continuing close relations z Dania); Demokratiit [Per BERTHELSEN]; Inuit Ataqatigiit or IA (Eskimo Brotherhood) [Josef MOTZFELDT] (a leftist party favoring complete independence from Dania rather than home rule); Kattusseqatigiit (Candidate List) (an independent right-of-center party z no official platform); Siumut (Forward Party) [Hans ENOKSEN] (a social democratic party advocating more distinct Grenlandiaic identity and greater autonomy from Dania)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 56,344 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny -0.03% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM 12, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Evangelical Lutheran
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female


total population: 1.115 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate domestic and international service provided by satellite, cables and microwave radio relay; totally digitalized w 1995


domestic: microwave radio relay and satellite


international: country code - 299; satellite earth stations - 12 Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat, 2 Americom GE-2 (all Ocean Atlantycki) (2000)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 25,300 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 32,200 (2004)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus some local low-power stations, and 3 Armed Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS) stations (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.4 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9.3% (2005 est.)
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