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Filipiny (2008)

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Filipiny 2008 roku

 Filipiny
Podzial administracyjny 81 provinces and 136 chartered cities


provinces: Abra, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Aklan, Albay, Antique, Apayao, Aurora, Basilan, Bataan, Batanes, Batangas, Biliran, Benguet, Bohol, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Cebu, Compostela, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Dinagat Islands, Eastern Samar, Guimaras, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, La Union, Leyte, Maguindanao, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Mountain Province, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, North Cotabato, Northern Samar, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Palawan, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, Romblon, Samar, Sarangani, Shariff Kabunsuan, Siquijor, Sorsogon, South Cotabato, Southern Leyte, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Tarlac, Tawi-Tawi, Zambales, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay


chartered cities: Alaminos, Angeles, Antipolo, Bacolod, Bago, Baguio, Bais, Balanga, Batac, Batangas, Bayawan, Baybay, Bayugan, Bislig, Bogo, Borongan, Butuan, Cabadbaran, Cabanatuan, Cadiz, Cagayan de Oro, Calamba, Calapan, Calbayog, Candon, Canlaon, Carcar, Catbalogan, Cauayan, Cavite, Cebu, Cotabato, Dagupan, Danao, Dapitan, Davao, Digos, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Escalante, Salwador, Gapan, General Santos, Gingoog, Guihulngan, Himamaylan, Iligan, Iloilo, Isabela, Iriga, Kabankalan, Kalookan, Kidapawan, Koronadal, La Carlota, Lamitan, Laoag, Lapu-Lapu, Las Pinas, Legazpi, Ligao, Lipa, Lucena, Maasin, Makati, Malabon, Malaybalay, Malolos, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Manila, Marawi, Marikina, Masbate, Mati, Meycauayan, Muntinlupa, Munoz, Naga (Camarines Sur), Naga (Cebu), Navotas, Olongapo, Ormoc, Oroquieta, Ozamis, Pagadian, Palayan, Panabo, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Passi, Puerto Princesa, Quezon, Roxas, Sagay, Samal, San Carlos (in Negros Occidental), San Carlos (in Pangasinan), San Fernando (in La Union), San Fernando (in Pampanga), San Jose, San Jose del Monte, San Juan, San Pablo, Santa Rosa, Santiago, Silay, Sipalay, Sorsogon, Surigao, Tabaco, Tabuk, Tacloban, Tacurong, Tagaytay, Tagbilaran, Taguig, Tagum, Talisay (in Cebu), Talisay (in Negros Occidental), Tanauan, Tandag, Tangub, Tanjay, Tarlac, Tayabas, Toledo, Tuguegarao, Trece Martires, Urdaneta, Valencia, Valenzuela, Victorias, Vigan, Zamboanga (2007)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 34.5% (male 16,043,257/female 15,415,334)


15-64 years: 61.3% (male 27,849,584/female 28,008,293)


65 years and over: 4.1% (male 1,631,866/female 2,128,953) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish
Lotniska 255 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 84


over 3,047 m: 4


2,438 to 3,047 m: 8


1,524 to 2,437 m: 26


914 to 1,523 m: 36


under 914 m: 10 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 171


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 68


under 914 m: 99 (2007)
Terytorium total: 300,000 sq km


land: 298,170 sq km


water: 1,830 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Arizona
Tlo historyczne The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US w 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Filipiny became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked z preparing the country dla independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japoniaese occupation during WWII, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 lipiec 1946 the Republic of the Filipiny attained its independence. The 20-year rule of Ferdinand MARCOS ended w 1986, when a "people power" movement w Manila ("EDSA 1") forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts, which prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. Fidel RAMOS was elected president w 1992 and his administration was marked by greater stability and progress on economic reforms. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. Joseph ESTRADA was elected president w 1998, but was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, w styczen 2001 after ESTRADA's stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and another "people power" movement ("EDSA 2") demanded his resignation. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was elected to a six-year term as president w maj 2004. The Philippine Government faces threats from three terrorist groups on the US Government's Foreign Terrorist Organization list, but w 2006 and 2007 scored some major successes w capturing or killing key wanted terrorists. Decades of Muslim insurgency w the southern Filipiny have led to a peace accord z one group and an ongoing cease-fire and peace talks z another.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 24.48 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $23.96 billion


expenditures: $25.24 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Manila


geographic coordinates: 14 35 N, 121 00 E


time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical marine; northeast monsoon (listopad to kwiecien); southwest monsoon (maj to pazdziernik)
Linia brzegowa 36,289 km
Konstytucja 2 luty 1987, effective 11 luty 1987
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of the Filipiny


conventional short form: Filipiny


local long form: Republika ng Pilipinas


local short form: Pilipinas
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.36 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $62.84 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Kristie A. KENNEY


embassy: 1201 Roxas Boulevard, Ermita 1000, Manila


mailing address: PSC 500, FPO AP 96515-1000


telephone: [63] (2) 301-2000


FAX: [63] (2) 522-4361
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Willy C. GAA


chancery: 1600 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 467-9300


FAX: [1] (202) 467-9417


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Honolulu, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Saipan (Mariany Polnocne), Tamuning (Guam)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Filipiny claims sovereignty over certain of the Wyspy Spratly, known locally as the Kalayaan (Freedom) Islands, also claimed by Chiny, Malezja, Tajwan, and Wietnam; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties w the South Chiny Sea," has eased tensions w the Wyspy Spratly but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; w marzec 2005, the national oil companies of Chiny, the Filipiny, and Wietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities w the Wyspy Spratly; Filipiny retains a dormant claim to Malezja's Sabah State w northern Borneo based on the Sultanate of Sulu's granting the Filipiny Government power of attorney to pursue a sovereignty claim on his behalf; maritime delimitation negotiations continue z Palau
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $451.4 million w commitments (2006)
Ekonomia The Philippine economy grew at its fastest pace w three decades z real Produkt krajowy brutto growth exceeding 7% w 2007. Higher government spending contributed to the growth, but a resilient service sector and large remittances from the millions of Filipinos who work abroad have played an increasingly important role. Economic growth has averaged 5% since President MACAPAGAL-ARROYO took office w 2001. Nevertheless, the Filipiny will need still higher, sustained growth to make progress w alleviating poverty, given its high population growth and unequal distribution of income. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO averted a fiscal crisis by pushing dla new revenue measures and, until recently, tightening expenditures. Declining fiscal deficits, tapering debt and debt service ratios, as well as recent efforts to increase spending on infrastructure and social services have heightened optimism over Philippine economic prospects. Although the general macroeconomic outlook has improved significantly, the Filipiny continues to face important challenges and must maintain the reform momentum w order to catch up z regional competitors, improve employment opportunities, and alleviate poverty. Longer-term fiscal stability will require more sustainable revenue sources, rather than non-recurring revenues from privatization.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 46.86 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 53.67 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m


highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy uncontrolled deforestation especially w watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution w major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
Grupy etniczne Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty Philippine pesos per US dollar - 46.148 (2007), 51.246 (2006), 55.086 (2005), 56.04 (2004), 54.203 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 styczen 2001); note - president is both chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 styczen 2001)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president z consent of Commission of Appointments


elections: president and vice president (Manuel "Noli" DE CASTRO) elected on separate tickets by popular vote dla a single six-year term; election last held on 10 maj 2004 (next to be held w maj 2010)


election results: Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO elected president; percent of vote - Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO 40%, Fernando POE 37%, three others 23%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $48.38 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 34,900 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits
Eksport - partnerzy US 18.3%, Japonia 16.5%, Holandia 10.1%, Chiny 9.8%, Hong Kong 7.8%, Singapur 7.3%, Malezja 5.6%, Tajwan 4.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of blue (top; representing peace and justice) and red (representing courage); a white equilateral triangle based on the hoist side represents equality; the center of the triangle displays a yellow sun z eight primary rays, each representing one of the first eight provinces that sought independence from Hiszpania; each corner of the triangle contains a small, yellow, five-pointed star representing the three major geographical divisions of the country: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; the design of the flag dates to 1897; w wartime the flag is flown upside down z the red band at the top
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 14.1%


industry: 31.3%


services: 54.6% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 7.3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 00 N, 122 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne the Philippine archipelago is made up of 7,107 islands; favorably located w relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South Chiny Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.4%


highest 10%: 31.2% (2006)
Narkotyki domestic methamphetamine production has been a growing problem w recent years despite government crackdowns; major consumer of amphetamines; longstanding marijuana producer mainly w rural areas where Manila's control is limited
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $53.96 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 353,700 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic
Import - partnerzy US 16.3%, Japonia 13.6%, Singapur 8.5%, Tajwan 8%, Chiny 7.1%, South Korea 6.2%, Arabia Saudyjska 5.8%, Malezja 4.1%, Tajlandia 4.1%, Hong Kong 4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 12 czerwiec 1898 (independence proclaimed from Hiszpania); 4 lipiec 1946 (from the US)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 7% (2007 est.)
Przemysl electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 22.12 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 24.85 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 19.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB, APEC, APT, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, CP, EAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINUSTAH, NAM, OAS (observer), OPCW, PIF (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMIT, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 15,500 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (15 justices are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council and serve until 70 years of age); Court of Appeals; Sandigan-bayan (special court dla hearing corruption cases of government officials)
Sila robocza 36.22 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 35%


industry: 15%


services: 50% (2007 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 19%


permanent crops: 16.67%


other: 64.33% (2005)
Jezyki Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
System prawny based on Spanish and Anglo-American law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Congress or Kongreso consists of the Senate or Senado (24 seats - one-half elected every three years; members elected at large by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (as a result of maj 2007 election it has 239 seats including 218 members representing districts and 21 sectoral party-list members representing special minorities elected on the basis of 1 seat dla every 2% of the total vote but limited to 3 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; note - the Konstytucja prohibits the House of Representatives from having more than 250 members)


elections: Senate - last held on 14 maj 2007 (next to be held w maj 2010); House of Representatives - elections last held on 14 maj 2007 (next to be held w maj 2010)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Lakas-Kampi 4, LP 4, NPC 3, NP 2, independents 4, others 6; note - there are 23 rather than 24 sitting senators because one senator was elected mayor of Manila; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Lakas 86, Kampi 46, NPC 29, LP 21, Party-list 21, others 36
Zywotnosc total population: 70.51 years


male: 67.61 years


female: 73.55 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.6%


male: 92.5%


female: 92.7% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South Chiny Sea, east of Wietnam
Lokalizacja na mapie Southeast Asia
Morskie obszary territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area w South Chiny Sea up to 285 nm w breadth


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 383 ships (1000 GRT or over) 4,542,681 GRT/6,164,312 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 75, cargo 120, chemical tanker 16, container 5, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 16, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 66, petroleum tanker 34, refrigerated cargo 14, roll on/roll off 13, vehicle carrier 12


foreign-owned: 135 (Bermudy 31, Chiny 2, Grecja 3, Hong Kong 2, Japonia 69, Malezja 2, Holandia 22, Norwegia 2, Singapur 1, UAE 1)


registered w other countries: 34 (Australia 1, Bahamas 1, Belize 1, Komory 1, Cypr 1, Ekwador 1, Hong Kong 10, Indonezja 1, Panama 12, Singapur 4, St Vincent and The Grenadines 1) (2007)
Wojsko Armed Forces of the Filipiny (AFP): Army, Navy (includes Marine Corps), Philippine Air Force (Hukbomg Himpapawid ng Pilipinas) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.9% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 12 czerwiec (1898); note - 12 czerwiec 1898 was date of declaration of independence from Hiszpania; 4 lipiec 1946 was date of independence from US
Narodowosc noun: Filipino(s)


adjective: Philippine
Naturalne zagrozenia astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
Wspolczynnik migracji -1.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 565 km; oil 135 km; refined products 105 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Genuine Opposition or GO (coalition of oppositon parties formed to contest the 2007 elections); Kabalikat Ng Malayang Pilipino or Kampi [Ronaldo PUNO]; Laban Ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Filipino Democrats) or LDP [Edgardo ANGARA]; Lakas Ng Edsa (National Union of Christian Democrats) or Lakas [Jose DE VENECIA]; Liberal Party or LP [Manuel ROXAS]; Nacionalista [Manuel VILLAR]; National People's Coalition or NPC [Frisco SAN JUAN]; PDP-Laban [Aquilino PIMENTEL]; People's Reform Party [Miriam Defensor SANTIAGO]; PROMDI [Emilio OSMENA]; Pwersa Ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Philippine Masses) or PMP [Joseph ESTRADA]; Reporma [Renato DE VILLA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow AKBAYAN [Etta ROSALES, Mario AGUJA, and Risa HONTIVEROS-BARAQUIEL]; ALAGAD [Rodante MARROLITA]; ALIF [Acmad TOMAWIS]; An Waray [Horencio NOEL]; Anak Mindanao [Mujiv HATAMIN]; ANAKPAWIS [Crispin BELTRAN and Rafael MARIANO]; Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives (APEC) [Sunny Rose MADAMBA, Ernesto PABLO, and Edgar VALDEZ]; AVE [Eulogio MAGSAYSAY]; Bayan Muna [Satur OCAMPO, Joel VIRADOR, and Teodoro CASINO, Jr.]; BUHAY [Rene VELARDE and Hans Christian SENERES]; BUTIL [Benjamin CRUZ]; CIBAC [Emmanuel Joel VILLANUEVA]; COOP-NATCO [Guillermo CUA]; GABRIELA [Liza MAZA]; Partido Ng Manggagawa [Renato MAGTUBO]; Veterans Federation of the Filipiny [Ernesto GIDAYA]
Ludnosc 91,077,287 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 30% (2003 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.764% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 381, FM 628, shortwave 4 (each shortwave station operates on multiple frequencies w the language of the target audience) (2007)
Linie kolejowe total: 897 km


narrow gauge: 897 km 1.067-m gauge (492 km are w operation) (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.041 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.994 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.767 male(s)/female


total population: 0.999 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: good international radiotelephone and submarine cable services; domestic and inter-island service adequate


domestic: domestic satellite system z 11 earth stations; cellular communications now dominate the industry; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone density exceeds 50 telephones per 100 persons z more than 10 mobile cellular subscribers dla every fixed-line subscriber


international: country code - 63; a series of submarine cables together provide connectivity to Asia, US, the Middle East, and Europe; multiple international gateways (2006)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3.633 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 42.869 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 250 (plus 1,501 CATV networks) (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.05 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.3% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 3,219 km (limited to vessels z draft less than 1.5 m) (2007)
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