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Dania (2008)

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Dania 2008 roku

 Dania
Podzial administracyjny metropolitan Dania - 5 regions (regioner, singular - region); Hovedstaden, Midtjylland, Nordjylland, Sjaelland, Syddanmark


note: an extensive local government reform merged 271 municipalities into 98 and 13 counties into five regions, effective 1 styczen 2007
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.6% (male 520,669/female 494,228)


15-64 years: 66% (male 1,817,757/female 1,792,974)


65 years and over: 15.4% (male 363,828/female 478,664) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo barley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish
Lotniska 91 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 28


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 7


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 12


under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 63


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 60 (2007)
Terytorium total: 43,094 sq km


land: 42,394 sq km


water: 700 sq km


note: includes the island of Bornholm w the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Dania (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Wyspy Owcze and Grenlandia
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts
Tlo historyczne Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Dania has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating w the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO w 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) w 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the Unia Europejska's Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.91 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $167.9 billion


expenditures: $156.1 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Copenhagen


geographic coordinates: 55 40 N, 12 35 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers
Linia brzegowa 7,314 km
Konstytucja 5 czerwiec 1953 constitution allowed dla a unicameral legislature and a female chief of state
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Dania


conventional short form: Dania


local long form: Kongeriget Danmark


local short form: Danmark
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $492.6 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador James P. CAIN


embassy: Dag Hammarskjolds Alle 24, 2100 Copenhagen


mailing address: PSC 73, APO AE 09716


telephone: [45] 33 41 71 00


FAX: [45] 35 43 02 23
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Friis Arne PETERSEN


chancery: 3200 Whitehaven Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 234-4300


FAX: [1] (202) 328-1470


consulate(s) general: Chicago, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Islandia, the UK, and Irlandia dispute Dania's claim that the Wyspy Owcze' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm; Faroese continue to study proposals dla full independence; sovereignty dispute z Kanada over Hans Island w the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Grenlandia
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $2.13 billion (2005)
Ekonomia The Danish economy has w recent years undergone strong expansion fueled primarily by private consumption growth, but also supported by exports and investments. This thoroughly modern market economy features high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry, extensive government welfare measures, comfortable living standards, a stable currency, and high dependence on foreign trade. Unemployment is low and capacity constraints are limiting growth potential. Dania is a net exporter of food and energy and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus. Government objectives include streamlining the bureaucracy and further privatization of state assets. The government has been successful w meeting, and even exceeding, the economic convergence criteria dla participating w the third phase (a common European currency) of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), but so far Dania has decided not to join 15 other EU members w the euro. Nonetheless, the Danish krone remains pegged to the euro. Economic growth gained momentum w 2004 and the upturn continued through 2007. The controversy over caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad printed w a Danish newspaper w wrzesien 2005 led to boycotts of some Danish exports to the Muslim world, especially exports of dairy products, but the boycotts did not have a significant impact on the overall Danish economy. Because of high Produkt krajowy brutto per capita, welfare benefits, a low Gini index, and political stability, the Danish living standards are among the highest w the world. A major long-term issue will be the sharp decline w the ratio of workers to retirees.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 34.02 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 13.72 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - import 6.77 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 43.35 billion kWh (2006)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m


highest point: Yding Skovhoej 173 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
Kurs waluty Danish kroner per US dollar - 5.4797 (2007), 5.9468 (2006), 5.9969 (2005), 5.9911 (2004), 6.5877 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 styczen 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born 26 maj 1968)


head of government: Prime Minister Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN (since 27 listopad 2001)


cabinet: Council of State appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch
Eksport 13.72 billion kWh (2006)
Eksport $102.1 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 5.35 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 320,000 bbl/day (2006)
Eksport - towary machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, pharmaceuticals, furniture, windmills
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 17.3%, Szwecja 14.1%, UK 8.7%, US 6.2%, Holandia 5.4%, Norwegia 5.4%, Francja 4.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi red z a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side; the banner is referred to as the Dannebrog (Danish flag)


note: the shifted design element was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finlandia, Islandia, Norwegia, and Szwecja
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1.6%


industry: 26.3%


services: 72.1% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 56 00 N, 10 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives w greater Copenhagen
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2%


highest 10%: 24% (2000 est.)
Import 6.77 billion kWh (2006)
Import $101.3 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 164,000 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures dla industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 21.4%, Szwecja 14.2%, Norwegia 6.5%, Holandia 6.3%, UK 5.7%, Chiny 5%, Francja 4.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc first organized as a unified state w 10th century; w 1849 became a constitutional monarchy
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.45 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 4.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1.5% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (observer), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 4,490 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the monarch dla life)
Sila robocza 2.9 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 3%


industry: 21%


services: 76% (2004 est.)
Granica total: 68 km


border countries: Niemcy 68 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 52.59%


permanent crops: 0.19%


other: 47.22% (2005)
Jezyki Danish, Faroese, Grenlandiaic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)


note: English is the predominant second language
System prawny civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral People's Assembly or Folketinget (179 seats, including 2 from Grenlandia and 2 from the Wyspy Owcze; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 13 listopad 2007 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - Liberal Party 26.2%, Social Democrats 25.5%, Danish People's Party 13.9%, Socialist People's Party 13.0%, Conservative People's Party 10.4%, Social Liberal Party 5.1%, New Alliance 2.8%, Red-Green Alliance 2.2%, other 0.9%; seats by party - Liberal Party 46, Social Democrats 45, Danish People's Party 25, Socialist People's Party 23, Conservative People's Party 18, Social Liberal Party 9, New Alliance 5, Red-Green Alliance 4; note - does not include the two seats from Grenlandia and the two seats from the Wyspy Owcze
Zywotnosc total population: 77.96 years


male: 75.65 years


female: 80.41 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99%


male: 99%


female: 99% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Niemcy (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 299 ships (1000 GRT or over) 8,767,265 GRT/10,604,081 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 7, cargo 64, chemical tanker 57, container 84, liquefied gas 2, livestock carrier 2, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 41, petroleum tanker 22, refrigerated cargo 7, roll on/roll off 8, specialized tanker 4


foreign-owned: 25 (Kanada 1, Niemcy 13, Grecja 4, Grenlandia 1, Norwegia 1, Szwecja 4, UK 1)


registered w other countries: 468 (Antigua i Barbuda 15, Bahamas 66, Belgia 3, Brazylia 2, Kajmany 3, Cypr 1, Egipt 1, Estonia 2, Francja 3, Gibraltar 9, Hong Kong 12, Wyspa Man 41, Wlochy 2, Jamajka 1, Liberia 12, Litwa 9, Malta 10, Wyspy Marshalla 9, Meksyk 2, Holandia 19, Antyle Holenderskie 1, Norwegia 26, Panama 32, Portugalia 3, Singapur 68, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 1, Hiszpania 2, St Vincent and The Grenadines 16, Szwecja 4, UK 61, US 29, Wenezuela 3) (2007)
Wojsko Defense Command: Army Operational Command, Admiral Danish Fleet, Island Command Grenlandia, Tactical Air Command (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.5% (2006; 1.28% 2007 est.; 1.24% 2008 projected)
Swieto narodowe none designated; Konstytucja Day, 5 czerwiec (1849) is generally viewed as the National Day
Narodowosc noun: Dane(s)


adjective: Danish
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding is a threat w some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 11 km; gas 4,073 km; oil 617 km; oil/gas/water 2 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democrats [Bodil KORNBEK] (was Christian People's Party); Conservative Party [Bendt BENDTSEN] (sometimes known as Conservative People's Party); Danish People's Party [Pia KJAERSGAARD]; Liberal Party [Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN]; New Alliance [Naser KHADER]; Red-Green Unity List (Alliance) [collective leadership] (bloc includes Left Socialist Party, Communist Party of Dania, Socialist Workers' Party); Social Democratic Party [Helle THORNING-SCHMIDT]; Social Liberal Party [Margrethe VESTAGER]; Socialist People's Party [Villy SOEVNDAL]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 5,468,120 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.311% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 355, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,644 km


standard gauge: 2,644 km 1.435-m gauge (636 km electrified) (2007)
Religie Evangelical Lutheran 95%, other Christian (includes Protestant and Roman Catholic) 3%, Muslim 2%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.053 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.014 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female


total population: 0.977 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: excellent telephone and telegraph services


domestic: buried and submarine cables and microwave radio relay form trunk network, 4 cellular mobile communications systems


international: country code - 45; a series of fiber-optic submarine cables link Dania z Kanada, Wyspy Owcze, Niemcy, Islandia, Holandia, Norwegia, Polska, Rosja, Szwecja, and UK; satellite earth stations - 6 Intelsat, 10 Eutelsat, 1 Orion, 1 Inmarsat (Blaavand-Atlantic-East); note - the Nordic countries (Dania, Finlandia, Islandia, Norwegia, and Szwecja) share the Danish earth station and the Eik, Norwegia, station dla worldwide Inmarsat access
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3.098 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 5.841 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 26 (plus 51 repeaters) (1998)
Uksztaltowanie terenu low and flat to gently rolling plains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.74 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3.5% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 400 km (2007)
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