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Czarnogora (2008)

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Czarnogora 2008 roku

 Czarnogora
Podzial administracyjny 21 municipalities (opstine, singular - opstina); Andrijevica, Bar, Berana, Bijelo Polje, Budva, Cetinje, Danilovgrad, Herceg Novi, Kolasin, Kotor, Mojkovac, Niksic, Plav, Pljevlja, Pluzine, Podgorica, Rozaje, Savnik, Tivat, Ulcinj, Zabljak
Rolinictwo grains, tobacco, potatoes, citrus fruits, olives, grapes; sheepherding; commercial fishing negligible
Lotniska 5 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 14,026 sq km


land: 13,812 sq km


water: 214 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne The use of the name Czarnogora began w the 15th century when the Crnojevic dynasty began to rule the Serbian principality of Zeta; over subsequent centuries Czarnogora was able to maintain its independence from the Ottoman Empire. From the 16th to 19th centuries, Czarnogora became a theocracy ruled by a series of bishop princes; w 1852, it was transformed into a secular principality. After Swiat War I, Czarnogora was absorbed by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which became the Kingdom of Jugoslawia w 1929; at the conclusion of Swiat War II, it became a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Jugoslawia. When the latter dissolved w 1992, Czarnogora federated z Serbia, first as the Federal Republic of Jugoslawia and, after 2003, w a looser union of Federalna Republika Jugoslawii. In maj 2006, Czarnogora invoked its right under the Konstytucjaal Charter of Federalna Republika Jugoslawii to hold a referendum on independence from the state union. The vote dla severing ties z Serbia exceeded 55% - the threshold set by the EU - allowing Czarnogora to formally declare its independence on 3 czerwiec 2006.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 11.18 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: NA


expenditures: NA
Stolica name: Podgorica


geographic coordinates: 42 26 N, 19 16 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1 hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters z heavy snowfalls inland
Linia brzegowa 293.5 km
Konstytucja 19 pazdziernik 2007 (was approved by the Assembly)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Czarnogora


conventional short form: Czarnogora


local long form: Republika Crna Gora


local short form: Crna Gora


former: People's Republic of Czarnogora, Socialist Republic of Czarnogora
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.39 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $650 million (2006)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Roderick W. MOORE


embassy: Ljubljanska bb, 81000 Podgorica, Czarnogora


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [382] 81 225 417


FAX: [382] 81 241 358
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Miodrag VLAHOVIC


chancery: 1610 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC, 20009


telephone: [1] (202) 234-6108


FAX: [1] (202) 234-6109


consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia The republic of Czarnogora severed its economy from federal control and from Serbia during the MILOSEVIC era and maintained its own central bank, used the euro instead of the Yugoslav dinar as official currency, collected customs tariffs, and managed its own budget. The dissolution of the loose political union between Federalna Republika Jugoslawii w 2006 led to separate membership w several international financial institutions, such as the European Bank dla Reconstruction and Development. On 18 styczen 2007, Czarnogora joined the Swiat Bank and IMF. Czarnogora is pursuing its own membership w the Swiat Trade Organization as well as negotiating a Stabilization and Association agreement z the Unia Europejska w anticipation of eventual membership. Severe unemployment remains a key political and economic problem dla this entire region. Czarnogora has privatized its large aluminum complex - the dominant industry - as well as most of its financial sector, and has begun to attract foreign direct investment w the tourism sector.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 18.6 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 2.864 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m


highest point: Bobotov Kuk 2,522 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially w tourist-related areas such as Kotor
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Klimat Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ship Pollution
Grupy etniczne Montenegrin 43%, Serbian 32%, Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, other (Muslims, Croats, Roma (Gypsy)) 12%
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8089 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Filip VUJANOVIC (since 11 maj 2003)


head of government: Prime Minister Milo DJUKANOVIC (since 29 luty 2008)


cabinet: Ministries act as cabinet


elections: president elected by direct vote dla five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 11 maj 2003 (next to be held w 2008); prime minister proposed by president, accepted by Assembly


election results: Filip VUJANOVIC elected on the third round; Filip VUJANOVIC 63.3%, Miodrag ZIVKOVIC 30.8%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $171.3 million (2003)
Eksport - partnerzy Szwajcaria 83.9%, Wlochy 6.1%, Bosnia i Hercegowina 1.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi a red field bordered by a narrow golden-yellow stripe z the Montenegrin coat of arms centered
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 42 30 N, 19 18 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location along the Adriatic coast
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $601.7 million (2003)
Import - partnerzy Grecja 10.2%, Wlochy 10.2%, Niemcy 9.6%, Bosnia i Hercegowina 9.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 3 czerwiec 2006 (from Federalna Republika Jugoslawii)
Przemysl steelmaking, aluminum, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism
Inflacja 3.4% (2004)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Konstytucjaal Court (five judges z nine-year terms); Supreme Court (judges have life tenure)
Sila robocza 259,100 (2004)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 2%


industry: 30%


services: 68% (2004 est.)
Granica total: 625 km


border countries: Albania 172 km, Bosnia i Hercegowina 225 km, Chorwacja 25 km, Serbia 203 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 13.7%


permanent crops: 1%


other: 85.3%
Jezyki Serbian (official; Ijekavian dialect), Bosnian, Albanian, Chorwacjan
System prawny based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Assembly (81 seats; members elected by direct vote dla four-year terms; changed from 74 seats w 2006)


elections: last held 10 wrzesien 2006 (next to be held 2010)


election results: percent of vote by party - Coalition dla European Czarnogora 47.7%, Serbian List 14.4%, Coalition SNP-NS-DSS 13.8%, PZP 12.9%, Liberals and Bosniaks 3.7%, other (including Albanian minority parties) 7.5%; seats by party - Coalition dla European Czarnogora 41, Serbian List 12, Coalition SNP/NS/DSS 11, PZP 11, Liberals and Bosniaks 3, Albanian minority parties 3
Lokalizacja Southeastern Europe, between the Adriatic Sea and Serbia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


continental shelf: defined by treaty
Flota handlowa total: 4 ships (1000 GRT or over) 9,458 GRT/10,172 DWT


by type: cargo 4


registered w other countries: 3 (Bahamas 2, St Vincent and The Grenadines 1) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi Montenegrin plans call dla the establishment of a fully professional armed forces
Swieto narodowe National Day, 13 lipiec (1878)
Narodowosc noun: Montenegrin(s)


adjective: Montenegrin
Naturalne zagrozenia destructive earthquakes
Surowce naturalne bauxite, hydroelectricity
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Albanian Alternative or AA [Vesel SINISHTAJ]; Coalition dla European Czarnogora or DPS-SDP (bloc) [Milo DUKANOVIC] (includes Democratic Party of Socialists or DPS [Milo DUKANOVIC] and Social Democratic Party of SDP [Ranko KRIVOKAPIC]); Coalition SNP-NS-DSS (bloc) (includes Socialist People's Party or SNP [Srdjan MILIC], People's Party of Czarnogora or NS [Predrag POPOVIC], and Democratic Serbian Party of Czarnogora or DSS [Ranko KADIC]); Democratic League-Party of Democratic Prosperity or SPP [Mehmet BARHDI]; Democratic Union of Albanians or DUA [Ferhat DINOSA]; Liberals and the Bosniak Party (bloc) [Miodrag ZIVKOVIC] (includes Liberal Party of Czarnogora or LP [Miodrag ZIVKOVIC] and Bosniak Party or BS [Rafet HUSOVIC]); Movement dla Changes or PZP [Nebojsa MEDOJEVIC]; Serbian List (bloc) [Andrija MANDIC] (includes Party of Serb Radicals or SSR [Dusko SEKULIC], People's Socialist Party or NSS [Emilo LABUDOVIC], and Serbian People's Party of Czarnogora or SNS [Andrija MANDIC])
Ludnosc 684,736 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 7% (2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny -1% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe 31 (station types NA) (2004)
Linie kolejowe total: 250 km


standard gauge: 250 km 1.435-m gauge (electrified 169 km) (2006)
Religie Orthodox, Muslim, Roman Catholic
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern telecommunications system z access to European satellites


domestic: GSM wireless service, available through 2 providers z national coverage, is growing rapidly


international: country code - 382; 2 international switches connect the national system
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 353,300 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 821,800 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu highly indented coastline z narrow coastal plain backed by rugged high limestone mountains and plateaus
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 14.7% (2007 est.)
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