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Azerbejdzan (2008)

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Azerbejdzan 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 59 rayons (rayonlar; rayon - singular), 11 cities (saharlar; sahar - singular), 1 autonomous republic (muxtar respublika)

rayons: Abseron Rayonu, Agcabadi Rayonu, Agdam Rayonu, Agdas Rayonu, Agstafa Rayonu, Agsu Rayonu, Astara Rayonu, Balakan Rayonu, Barda Rayonu, Beylaqan Rayonu, Bilasuvar Rayonu, Cabrayil Rayonu, Calilabad Rayonu, Daskasan Rayonu, Davaci Rayonu, Fuzuli Rayonu, Gadabay Rayonu, Goranboy Rayonu, Goycay Rayonu, Haciqabul Rayonu, Imisli Rayonu, Ismayilli Rayonu, Kalbacar Rayonu, Kurdamir Rayonu, Lacin Rayonu, Lankaran Rayonu, Lerik Rayonu, Masalli Rayonu, Neftcala Rayonu, Oguz Rayonu, Qabala Rayonu, Qax Rayonu, Qazax Rayonu, Qobustan Rayonu, Quba Rayonu, Qubadli Rayonu, Qusar Rayonu, Saatli Rayonu, Sabirabad Rayonu, Saki Rayonu, Salyan Rayonu, Samaxi Rayonu, Samkir Rayonu, Samux Rayonu, Siyazan Rayonu, Susa Rayonu, Tartar Rayonu, Tovuz Rayonu, Ucar Rayonu, Xacmaz Rayonu, Xanlar Rayonu, Xizi Rayonu, Xocali Rayonu, Xocavand Rayonu, Yardimli Rayonu, Yevlax Rayonu, Zangilan Rayonu, Zaqatala Rayonu, Zardab Rayonu

cities: Ali Bayramli Sahari, Baki Sahari, Ganca Sahari, Lankaran Sahari, Mingacevir Sahari, Naftalan Sahari, Saki Sahari, Sumqayit Sahari, Susa Sahari, Xankandi Sahari, Yevlax Sahari

autonomous republic: Naxcivan Muxtar Respublikasi
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 25.4% (male 1,086,271/female 975,100)

15-64 years: 67.7% (male 2,695,428/female 2,799,047)

65 years and over: 7% (male 211,438/female 352,963) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats
Lotniska 35 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 27

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 6

1,524 to 2,437 m: 13

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 8

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 7 (2007)
Terytorium total: 86,600 sq km

land: 86,100 sq km

water: 500 sq km

note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbejdzani Supreme Soviet on 26 listopad 1991
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Maine
Tlo historyczne Azerbejdzan - a nation z a majority-Turkic and majority-Muslim population - was briefly independent from 1918 to 1920; it regained its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union w 1991. Despite a 1994 cease-fire, Azerbejdzan has yet to resolve its conflict z Armenia over the Azerbejdzani Nagorno-Karabakh enclave (largely Armenian populated). Azerbejdzan has lost 16% of its territory and must support some 600,000 internally displaced persons as a result of the conflict. Corruption is ubiquitous, and the government has been accused of authoritarianism. Although the poverty rate has been reduced w recent years, the promise of widespread wealth from development of Azerbejdzan's energy sector remains largely unfulfilled.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.47 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $6.752 billion

expenditures: $8.36 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Baku (Baki, Baky)

geographic coordinates: 40 23 N, 49 52 E

time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat dry, semiarid steppe
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbejdzan borders the Caspian Sea (800 km est.)
Konstytucja adopted 12 listopad 1995
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Azerbejdzan

conventional short form: Azerbejdzan

local long form: Azarbaycan Respublikasi

local short form: Azarbaycan

former: Azerbejdzan Soviet Socialist Republic
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.35 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.022 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Anne E. DERSE

embassy: 83 Azadliyg Prospecti, Baku AZ1007

mailing address: American Embassy Baku, US Department of State, 7050 Baku Place, Washington, DC 20521-7050

telephone: [994] (12) 4980-335 through 337

FAX: [994] (12) 4656-671
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Yashar ALIYEV

chancery: 2741 34th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 337-3500

FAX: [1] (202) 337-5911

Consulate(s) general: Los Angeles
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Armenia supports ethnic Armenian secessionists w Nagorno-Karabakh and since the early 1990s has militarily occupied 16% of Azerbejdzan; over 800,000 mostly ethnic Azerbejdzanis were driven from the occupied lands and Armenia; about 230,000 ethnic Armenians were driven from their homes w Azerbejdzan into Armenia; Azerbejdzan seeks transit route through Armenia to connect to Naxcivan exclave; Organization dla Security and Cooperation w Europe (OSCE) continues to mediate dispute; Azerbejdzan, Kazachstan, and Rosja have ratified Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on an even one-fifth allocation and challenges Azerbejdzan's hydrocarbon exploration w disputed waters; bilateral talks continue z Turkmenistan on dividing the seabed and contested oilfields w the middle of the Caspian; Azerbejdzan and Georgia continue to discuss the alignment of their boundary at certain crossing areas
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $223.4 million (2005 est.)
Ekonomia Azerbejdzan's high economic growth w 2006 and 2007 is attributable to large and growing oil exports. Azerbejdzan's oil production declined through 1997, but has registered an increase every year since. Negotiation of production-sharing arrangements (PSAs) z foreign firms, which have committed $60 billion to long-term oilfield development, should generate the funds needed to spur future industrial development. Oil production under the first of these PSAs, z the Azerbejdzan International Operating Company, began w listopad 1997. A consortium of Western oil companies began pumping 1 million barrels a day from a large offshore field w early 2006, through a $4 billion pipeline it built from Baku to Turcja's Mediterranean port of Ceyhan. By 2010 revenues from this project will double the country's current Produkt krajowy brutto. Azerbejdzan shares all the formidable problems of the former Soviet republics w making the transition from a command to a market economy, but its considerable energy resources brighten its long-term prospects. Baku has only recently begun making progress on economic reform, and old economic ties and structures are slowly being replaced. Several other obstacles impede Azerbejdzan's economic progress: the need dla stepped up foreign investment w the non-energy sector, the continuing conflict z Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, pervasive corruption, and elevated inflation. Trade z Rosja and the other former Soviet republics is declining w importance, while trade is building z Turcja and the nations of Europe. Long-term prospects will depend on world oil prices, the location of new oil and gas pipelines w the region, and Azerbejdzan's ability to manage its energy wealth.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 27.5 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 880 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 2.082 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 23.8 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m

highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area w the world because of severe air, soil, and water pollution; soil pollution results from oil spills, from the use of DDT pesticide, and from toxic defoliants used w the production of cotton
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Rosjan 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9% (1999 census)

note: almost all Armenians live w the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region
Kurs waluty Azerbejdzani manats per US dollar - 0.8581 (2007), 0.8934 (2006), 4,727.1 (2005), 4,913.48 (2004), 4,910.73 (2003)

note: on 1 styczen 2006 Azerbejdzan revalued its currency, z 5,000 old manats equal to 1 new manat
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ilham ALIYEV (since 31 pazdziernik 2003)

head of government: Prime Minister Artur RASIZADE (since 4 listopad 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Yaqub EYYUBOV (since czerwiec 2006)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly

elections: president elected by popular vote to a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 15 pazdziernik 2003 (next to be held w pazdziernik 2008); prime minister and first deputy prime minister appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly

election results: Ilham ALIYEV elected president; percent of vote - Ilham ALIYEV 76.8%, Isa GAMBAR 14%
Eksport 880 million kWh (2005)
Eksport $19.53 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 795,600 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Eksport - towary oil and gas 90%, machinery, cotton, foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy Wlochy 44.7%, Izrael 10.7%, Turcja 6.1%, Francja 5.5%, Rosja 5.4%, Iran 4.6%, Georgia 4.5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), red, and green; a crescent and eight-pointed star w white are centered w red band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 6%

industry: 64%

services: 29.9% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 31% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 40 30 N, 47 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne both the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.1%

highest 10%: 29.5% (2001)
Narkotyki limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly dla CIS consumption; small government eradication program; transit point dla Southwest Asian opiates bound dla Rosja and to a lesser extent the rest of Europe
Import 2.082 billion kWh (2005)
Import $6.376 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 4.373 billion cu m (2005)
Import 3,924 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, oil products, foodstuffs, metals, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Rosja 22.4%, UK 8.6%, Niemcy 7.7%, Turcja 7.3%, Turkmenistan 7%, Ukraina 6%, Chiny 4.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 30 sierpien 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 31% (2007 est.)
Przemysl petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 58.31 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 64.03 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 51.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 16% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB, BSEC, CE, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny 14,550 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza 5.243 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 41%

industry: 7%

services: 52% (2001)
Granica total: 2,013 km

border countries: Armenia (with Azerbejdzan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbejdzan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbejdzan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbejdzan-Naxcivan exclave) 179 km, Rosja 284 km, Turcja 9 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 20.62%

permanent crops: 2.61%

other: 76.77% (2005)
Jezyki Azerbejdzani (Azeri) 90.3%, Lezgi 2.2%, Rosjan 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified 1% (1999 census)
System prawny based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Milli Mejlis (125 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 6 listopad 2005 (next to be held w listopad 2010)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Yeni 58, Azadliq coalition 8, CSP 2, YES 2, Motherland 2, other parties z single seats 7, independents 42, undetermined 4
Zywotnosc total population: 65.96 years

male: 61.86 years

female: 70.66 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 98.8%

male: 99.5%

female: 98.2% (1999 census)
Lokalizacja Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Rosja, z a small European portion north of the Caucasus range
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa total: 86 ships (1000 GRT or over) 421,061 GRT/460,968 DWT

by type: cargo 26, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 9, petroleum tanker 45, roll on/roll off 1, specialized tanker 3

registered w other countries: 4 (Georgia 1, Malta 3) (2007)
Wojsko Army, Navy, Air and Air Defense Forces (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.6% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbejdzan, 28 maj (1918)
Narodowosc noun: Azerbejdzani(s)

adjective: Azerbejdzani
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 3,857 km; oil 2,436 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Azadliq ("Freedom") coalition (Popular Front Party, Liberal Party, Citizens' Development Party); Azerbejdzan Democratic Party (ADP) [Sardar JALALOGLU]; Azerbejdzan Democratic Reforms Party (ADRP) Youth Movement [Ramin HAJILI]; Azerbejdzan Popular Front or APF, now split w two [Ali KARIMLI, leader of "Reform" APF party; Mirmahmud MIRALI-OGLU, leader of "Classic" APF party]; Azerbejdzan Public Forum [Eldar NAMAZOV]; Citizens' Development Party [Ali ALIYEV]; Civil Solidarity Party or CSP [Sabir RUSTAMKHANLY]; Dalga Youth Movement [Vafa JAFAROVA]; Green Party [Mais GULALIYEV and Tarana MAMMADOVA]; Hope (Umid) Party [Iqbal AGAZADE]; Ireli Youth Movement [Jeyhun OSMANLI, Roya TALIBOVA, Farhad MAMMADOV, Elnara GARIBOVA, Elnur MAMMADOV, Ziya ALIYEV]; Justice Party [Ilyas ISMAILOV]; Liberal Party of Azerbejdzan [Lala Shovkat HACIYEVA]; Magam Youth Movement [Emin HUSEYNOV]; Motherland Party [Fazail AGAMALI]; Musavat ("Equality") [Isa GAMBAR, chairman]; Musavat Party Youth Movement [Elnur MAMMADLI]; National Democratic Party or "Grey Wolves" (Nationalist, Pan-Turkic) [Iskender HAMIDOV]; Open Society Party [Rasul GULIYEV, w exile w the US]; Party dla National Niepodleglosc of Azerbejdzan or PNIA [Ayaz RUSTAMOV]; Popular Front Party Youth Movement [Seymur KHAZIYEV]; Social Democratic Party of Azerbejdzan or SDP [Araz ALIZADE and Ayaz MUTALIBOV (in exile)]; Turkish Nationalist Party [Vugar BAYTURAN]; United Azerbejdzan Party [Karrar ABILOV]; United Azerbejdzan National Unity Party [Hajibaba AZIMOV]; United Party [Tahir KARIMLI]; Yeni (New) Azerbejdzan Party [President Ilham ALIYEV]; Yeni Azerbejdzan Party Youth Movement [Ramil HASANOV]; Yox (No) Youth Movement [Ali ISMAYILOV]

note: opposition parties regularly factionalize and form new parties;
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Sadval, Lezgin movement; self-proclaimed Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh Republic; Talysh independence movement; Union of Pro-Azerbejdzani Forces (UPAF); Karabakh Liberation Organization
Ludnosc 8,120,247 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 24% (2005 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 0.688% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 10, FM 17, shortwave 1 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,122 km

broad gauge: 2,122 km 1.520-m gauge (1,278 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Muslim 93.4%, Rosjan Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.)

note: religious affiliation is still nominal w Azerbejdzan; percentages dla actual practicing adherents are much lower
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.15 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.114 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.963 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.599 male(s)/female

total population: 0.968 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: inadequate; requires considerable expansion and modernization; teledensity of 15 main lines per 100 persons is low; mobile cellular penetration is increasing and is currently about 40 telephones per 100 persons

domestic: fixed-line telephony and a broad range of other telecom services are controlled by a state-owned telecoms monopoly and growth has been stagnant; more competition exists w the mobile-cellular market z three providers w 2006; satellite service connects Baku to a modern switch w its exclave of Naxcivan

international: country code - 994; the old Soviet system of cable and microwave is still serviceable; satellite earth stations - 2 (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.189 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 3.324 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) z Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) w west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.05 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 8.5% official rate (2005 est.)
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