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Andora (2008)

Andora - wybierz rok:
AndoraAndora (2001) (porownaj)
AndoraAndora (2002) (porownaj)
AndoraAndora (2003) (porownaj)
AndoraAndora (2004) (porownaj)
AndoraAndora (2005) (porownaj)
AndoraAndora (2006) (porownaj)
AndoraAndora (2007) (porownaj)


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Andora 2008 roku

 Andora
Podzial administracyjny 7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia); Andora la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 14.5% (male 5,433/female 4,984)


15-64 years: 71.2% (male 26,775/female 24,354)


65 years and over: 14.3% (male 5,074/female 5,202) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo small quantities of rye, wheat, barley, oats, vegetables; sheep
Terytorium total: 468 sq km


land: 468 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel). In 1993, this feudal system was modified z the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andora achieved considerable prosperity since Swiat War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy z its lack of income taxes.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 8.45 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $333.5 million


expenditures: $386.6 million (2005)
Stolica name: Andora la Vella


geographic coordinates: 42 30 N, 1 31 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja Andora's first written constitution was drafted w 1991, approved by referendum 14 marzec 1993, effective 28 kwiecien 1993
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Principality of Andora


conventional short form: Andora


local long form: Principat d'Andora


local short form: Andora
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.45 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Andora; the US Ambassador to Hiszpania is accredited to Andora; US interests w Andora are represented by the Consulate General's office w Barcelona (Hiszpania); mailing address: Paseo Reina Elisenda de Montcada, 23, 08034 Barcelona, Hiszpania; telephone: [34] (3) 280-2227; FAX: [34] (3) 205-5206
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)


chancery: 2 United Nations Plaza, 25th Floor, New York, NY 10017


telephone: [1] (212) 750-8064


FAX: [1] (212) 750-6630
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $0
Ekonomia Tourism, the mainstay of Andora's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts dla more than 80% of Produkt krajowy brutto. An estimated 11.6 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andora's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Andora's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring Francja and Hiszpania have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs. The banking sector, z its partial "tax haven" status, also contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited - only 2% of the land is arable - and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is sheep raising. Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture. Andora is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member dla trade w manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member dla agricultural products.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - eksport NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - import NA kWh; note - most electricity supplied by Hiszpania and Francja; Andora generates a small amount of hydropower
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Riu Runer 840 m


highest point: Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion; air pollution; wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Spanish 43%, Andoran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: French Coprince Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 maj 2007); represented by Philippe MASSONI (since 26 lipiec 2002) and Spanish Coprince Bishop Joan Enric VIVES i SICILIA (since 12 maj 2003); represented by Nemesi MARQUES i OSTE (since 30 lipiec 2003)


head of government: Executive Council President Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA (since 27 maj 2005)


cabinet: Executive Council or Govern designated by the Executive Council president


elections: Executive Council president elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the coprinces dla a four-year term; election last held 24 kwiecien 2005 (next to be held w kwiecien-maj 2009)


election results: Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA elected executive council president; percent of General Council vote - NA
Eksport NA kWh
Eksport $148.7 million f.o.b. (2005)
Eksport - towary tobacco products, furniture
Eksport - partnerzy Hiszpania 59.5%, Francja 17.0% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red z the national coat of arms centered w the yellow band; the coat of arms features a quartered shield


note: similar to the flags of Czad and Rumunia, which do not have a national coat of arms w the center, and the flag of Moldawia, which does bear a national emblem
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.5% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 42 30 N, 1 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; straddles a number of important crossroads w the Pyrenees
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import NA kWh; note - most electricity supplied by Hiszpania and Francja; Andora generates a small amount of hydropower
Import $1.879 billion (2005)
Import - towary consumer goods, food, electricity
Import - partnerzy Hiszpania 53.2%, Francja 21.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1278 (formed under the joint suzerainty of the French Count of Foix and the Spanish Bishop of Urgel)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking, tobacco, furniture
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.03 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 4.37 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 3.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3.2% (2005)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CE, FAO, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Tribunal of Judges or Tribunal de Batlles; Tribunal of the Courts or Tribunal de Corts; Supreme Court of Justice of Andora or Tribunal Superior de Justicia d'Andora; Supreme Council of Justice or Consell Superior de la Justicia; Fiscal Ministry or Ministeri Fiscal; Konstytucjaal Tribunal or Tribunal Constitucional
Sila robocza 42,420 (2005)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 0.3%


industry: 20.3%


services: 79.4% (2005)
Granica total: 120.3 km


border countries: Francja 56.6 km, Hiszpania 63.7 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.13%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 97.87% (2005)
Jezyki Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
System prawny based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral General Council of the Valleys or Consell General de las Valls (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote, 14 from a single national constituency and 14 to represent each of the seven parishes; to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held on 24 kwiecien 2005 (next to be held w marzec-kwiecien 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - PLA 41.2%, PS 38.1%, CDA-S21 11%, other 9.7%; seats by party - PLA 14, PS 12, CDA-S21 2
Zywotnosc total population: 83.52 years


male: 80.62 years


female: 86.62 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA


total population: 100%


male: 100%


female: 100%
Lokalizacja Southwestern Europe, between Francja and Hiszpania
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Francja and Hiszpania
Wojsko no regular military forces, Police Service of Andora
Swieto narodowe Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 8 wrzesien (1278)
Narodowosc noun: Andoran(s)


adjective: Andoran
Naturalne zagrozenia avalanches
Surowce naturalne hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Wspolczynnik migracji 6.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Andoran Democratic Center Party or CDA (formerly Democratic Party or PD); Century 21 or S21 [Enric TARRADO]; Liberal Party of Andora or PLA [Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA] (formerly Liberal Union or UL); Social Democratic Party or PS [Jaume BARTUMEU CASSANY] (formerly part of National Democratic Group or AND)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 71,822 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.842% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 15, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic (predominant)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.099 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.975 male(s)/female


total population: 1.079 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: modern system z microwave radio relay connections between exchanges


international: country code - 376; landline circuits to Francja and Hiszpania
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 35,400 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 64,600 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 0 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.31 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 0% (1996 est.)
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