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Andorra (2001)

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Andorra 2001 year

Administrative divisions 7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia); Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Escaldes-Engordany, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria
Age structure 0-14 years:
15.29% (male 5,425; female 4,917)

15-64 years:
72.06% (male 25,654; female 23,078)

65 years and over:
12.65% (male 4,299; female 4,254) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products small quantities of tobacco, rye, wheat, barley, oats, vegetables; sheep
Airports none (2000 est.)
Area total:
468 sq km

468 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andorra has achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.
Birth rate 10.29 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$385 million

$342 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997)
Capital Andorra la Vella
Climate temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Constitution Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991; approved by referendum 14 March 1993; came into force 4 May 1993
Country name conventional long form:
Principality of Andorra

conventional short form:

local long form:
Principat d'Andorra

local short form:
Currency French franc (FRF); Spanish peseta (ESP); euro (EUR)
Death rate 5.41 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Andorra; the US Ambassador to Spain is accredited to Andorra; US interests in Andorra are represented by the Consulate General's office in Barcelona (Spain); mailing address: Paseo Reina Elisenda, 23, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; telephone: (3493) 280-2227; FAX: (3493) 205-7705
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador (vacant)

2 United Nations Plaza, 25th Floor, New York, NY 10017

[1] (212) 750-8064

[1] (212) 750-6630
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient none
Economy - overview Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for roughly 80% of GDP. An estimated 9 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs. The banking sector, with its "tax haven" status, also contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited by a scarcity of arable land, and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is sheep raising. Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture. Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - exports NA kWh
Electricity - imports NA kWh

most electricity supplied by Spain and France; Andorra generates a small amount of hydropower
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



Elevation extremes lowest point:
Riu Runer 840 m

highest point:
Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m
Environment - current issues deforestation; overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion; air pollution; wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal
Environment - international agreements party to:
Hazardous Wastes

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997), 5.1155 (1996); Spanish pesetas per US dollar - 149.40 (1998), 146.41 (1997), 126.66 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
French Coprince Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by Frederic de SAINT-SERNIN (since NA); Spanish Coprince Episcopal Monseigneur Joan MARTI Alanis (since 31 January 1971), represented by Nemesi MARQUES OSTE (since NA)

head of government:
Executive Council President Marc FORNE Molne (since 21 December 1994)

Executive Council or Govern designated by the Executive Council president

Executive Council president elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the coprinces for a four-year term; election last held 16 February 1997 (next to be held NA 2001)

election results:
Marc FORNE Molne elected executive council president; percent of General Council vote - 64%
Exports NA kWh
Exports $58 million (f.o.b., 1998)
Exports - commodities tobacco products, furniture
Exports - partners France 34%, Spain 58% (1998)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the coat of arms features a quartered shield; similar to the flags of Chad and Romania, which do not have a national coat of arms in the center, and the flag of Moldova, which does bear a national emblem
GDP purchasing power parity - $1.2 billion (1996 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $18,000 (1996 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 42 30 N, 1 30 E
Geography - note landlocked
Highways total:
269 km

198 km

71 km (1994 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports NA kWh

most electricity supplied by Spain and France; Andorra generates a small amount of hydropower
Imports $1.077 billion (c.i.f., 1998)
Imports - commodities consumer goods, food, electricity
Imports - partners Spain 48%, France 35%, US 2.3% (1998)
Independence 1278 (was formed under the joint suzerainty of France and Spain)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, tobacco, banking
Infant mortality rate 4.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.62% (1998)
International organization participation CCC, CE, ECE, ICAO, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OSCE, UN, UNESCO, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTrO (observer)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Tribunal of Judges or Tribunal de Batlles; Tribunal of the Courts or Tribunal de Corts; Supreme Court of Justice of Andorra or Tribunal Superior de Justicia d'Andorra; Supreme Council of Justice or Consell Superior de la Justicia; Fiscal Ministry or Ministeri Fiscal; Constitutional Tribunal or Tribunal Constitucional
Labor force 30,787 salaried employees (1998)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 1%, industry 21%, services 78% (1998)
Land boundaries total:
120.3 km

border countries:
France 56.6 km, Spain 63.7 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

16% (1998 est.)
Languages Catalan (official), French, Castilian
Legal system based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral General Council of the Valleys or Consell General de las Valls (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote, 14 from a single national constituency and 14 to represent each of the 7 parishes; members serve four-year terms)

last held 16 February 1997 (next to be held NA February 2001)

election results:
percent of vote by party - UL 57%, AND 21%, IDN 7%, ND 7%, other 8%; seats by party - UL 16, AND 6, ND 2, IDN 2, UPO 2
Life expectancy at birth total population:
83.47 years

80.57 years

86.57 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain
Map references Europe
Maritime claims none (landlocked)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France and Spain
National holiday Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 8 September (1278)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards snowslides, avalanches
Natural resources hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Net migration rate 6.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Liberal Union or UL [Marc Forne MOLNE] (renamed Liberal Party of Andorra or PLA); National Democratic Group or AND [Ladislau BARO SOLA]; National Democratic Initiative or IDN [Vincenc MATEU Zamora]; New Democracy or ND [Jaume BARTOMEU Cassany]; Union of the People of Ordino (Unio Parroquial d'Ordino) or UPO [Simo DURO Coma]

there are two other small parties
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 67,627 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.17% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none
Radio broadcast stations AM 0, FM 15, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 16,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic (predominant)
Sex ratio at birth:
1.07 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.1 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.11 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
1.01 male(s)/female

total population:
1.1 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:

modern system with microwave radio relay connections between exchanges

landline circuits to France and Spain
Telephones - main lines in use 32,946 (December 1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular 14,117 (December 1998)
Television broadcast stations 0 (1997)
Terrain rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys
Total fertility rate 1.25 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 0%
Waterways none
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