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Urugwaj (2002)

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Urugwaj 2002 roku

Podzial administracyjny 19 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 24.4% (male 422,826; female 402,324)

15-64 years: 62.6% (male 1,047,740; female 1,072,032)

65 years and over: 13% (male 181,522; female 260,131) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, wheat, corn, barley; livestock; fish
Lotniska 64 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 15

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 2 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 49

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 16

under 914 m: 31 (2002)
Terytorium total: 176,220 sq km

land: 173,620 sq km

water: 2,600 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than the state of Washington
Tlo historyczne A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement, the Tupamaros, launched w the late 1960s, led Urugwaj's president to agree to military control of his administration w 1973. By the end of the year the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. Urugwaj's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.28 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $3.7 billion

expenditures: $4.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $500 million (2000) (2000)
Stolica Montevideo
Klimat warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown
Linia brzegowa 660 km
Konstytucja 27 listopad 1966, effective luty 1967, suspended 27 czerwiec 1973, new constitution rejected by referendum 30 listopad 1980; two constitutional reforms approved by plebiscite 26 listopad 1989 and 7 styczen 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Oriental Republic of Urugwaj

conventional short form: Urugwaj

local long form: Republica Oriental del Urugwaj

local short form: Urugwaj

former: Banda Oriental, Cisplatine Province
Waluta Urugwajan peso (UYU)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $7.7 billion (2001 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Martin J. SILVERSTEIN

embassy: Lauro Muller 1776, Montevideo 11200

mailing address: APO AA 34035

telephone: [598] (2) 418-7777

FAX: [598] (2) 418-8611
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Hugo FERNANDEZ-FAINGOLD

chancery: 1913 I Street NW, Washington, DC 20006

telephone: [1] (202) 331-1313 through 1316

FAX: [1] (202) 331-8142

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, and New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje uncontested dispute z Brazylia over islands w the Rio Quarai (Rio Cuareim) and the Arroio Invernada (Arroyo de la Invernada)
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Urugwaj's economy is characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated workforce, and high levels of social spending. After averaging growth of 5% annually w 1996-98, w 1999-2001 the economy suffered from lower demand w Argentyna and Brazylia, which together account dla nearly half of Urugwaj's exports. Despite the severity of the trade shocks, Urugwaj's financial indicators remained more stable than those of its neighbors, a reflection of its solid reputation among investors and its investment-grade sovereign bond rating - one of only two w South America. Challenges dla the government of President Jorge BATLLE include reducing the budget deficit, expanding Urugwaj's trade ties beyond its Mercosur trade partners, and reducing the costs of public services. Produkt krajowy brutto fell by 1.3% w 2000 and by 1.5% w 2001.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 7.35 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 950 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 1.3 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.527 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 7%

hydro: 93%

nuclear: 0%

other: 1% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian, practically nonexistent
Kurs waluty Urugwajan pesos per US dollar - 14.3325 (styczen 2002), 13.3191 (2001), 12.0996 (2000), 11.3393 (1999), 10.4719 (1998), 9.4418 (1997)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Jorge BATLLE Ibanez (since 1 marzec 2000) and Vice President Luis HIERRO (since 1 marzec 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Jorge BATLLE Ibanez (since 1 marzec 2000) and Vice President Luis HIERRO (since 1 marzec 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president z parliamentary approval

elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 31 pazdziernik 1999, z runoff election on 28 listopad 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results: Jorge BATLLE Ibanez elected president; percent of vote - Jorge BATLLE Ibanez 52% w a runoff against Tabare VAZQUEZ 44%
Eksport 950 million kWh (2000)
Eksport $2.24 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Eksport - towary meat, rice, leather products, wool, vehicles, dairy products
Eksport - partnerzy Mercosur partners 40%, EU 20%, US 8% (2001 est.)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi nine equal horizontal stripes of white (top and bottom) alternating z blue; there is a white square w the upper hoist-side corner z a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of maj and 16 rays alternately triangular and wavy
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $31 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 6%

industry: 29%

services: 65% (2001) (2001)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $9,200 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -1.5% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 33 00 S, 56 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne second-smallest South American country (after Surinam); most of the low-lying landscape (three-quarters of the country) is grassland, ideal dla cattle and sheep raising
Autostrady total: 8,764 km

paved: 7,800 km

unpaved: 964 km (2001)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 4%

highest 10%: 26% (1997)
Import 1.3 billion kWh (2000)
Import $2.9 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Import - towary machinery, chemicals, road vehicles, crude petroleum
Import - partnerzy Mercosur partners 44%, EU 18%, US 9% (2001 est.)
Niepodleglosc 25 sierpien 1825 (from Brazylia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -2.4% (2001 est.)
Przemysl food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 14.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 3.6% (2001) (2001)
Dostawcy internetu 14 (2001)
Nawadniane tereny 1,800 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are nominated by the president and elected dla 10-year terms by the General Assembly)
Sila robocza 1.2 million (2001) (2001)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 14%, industry 16%, services 70%
Granica total: 1,564 km

border countries: Argentyna 579 km, Brazylia 985 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.21%

permanent crops: 0.27%

other: 92.52% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Spanish, Portunol, or Brazyliaero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazyliaian frontier)
System prawny based on Spanish civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral General Assembly or Asamblea General consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and Chamber of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: Chamber of Senators - last held 31 pazdziernik 1999 (next to be held NA 2004); Chamber of Representatives - last held 31 pazdziernik 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Encuentro Progresista 12, Colorado Party 10, Blanco 7, New Sector/Space Coalition 1; Chamber of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Encuentro Progresista 40, Colorado Party 33, Blanco 22, New Sector/Space Coalition 4
Zywotnosc total population: 75.66 years

male: 72.32 years

female: 79.17 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.3%

male: 96.9%

female: 97.7% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern South America, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Argentyna and Brazylia
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary contiguous zone: 24 NM

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,752 GRT/5,228 DWT

ships by type: petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Argentyna 4, Grecja 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy (including Naval Air Arm, Coast Guard, Marines), Air Force, Police (Coracero Guard, Grenadier Guard)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $250 million (1999)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.1% (2000)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 824,395 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 666,880 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 25 sierpien (1825)
Narodowosc noun: Urugwajan(s)

adjective: Urugwajan
Naturalne zagrozenia seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts
Surowce naturalne arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Colorado Party [Jorge BATLLE Ibanez]; National Party or Blanco [Luis Alberto LACALLE Herrera]; New Sector/Space Coalition or Nuevo Espacio [Rafael MICHELINI]; Progressive Encounter/Broad Front Coalition or Encuentro Progresista/Frente Amplio [Tabare VAZQUEZ]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 3,386,575 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 6% (1997)
Przyrost naturalny 0.79% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Colonia, Fray Bentos, Juan La Caze, La Paloma, Montevideo, Nueva Palmira, Paysandu, Punta del Este, Piriapolis
Stacje radiowe AM 91, FM 149, shortwave 7 (2001)
Radia 1.97 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,993 km

standard gauge: 2,993 km 1.435-m gauge

note: of the total route length, 461 km have been taken out of service and 460 km are w only partial use; moreover, not all lines offer passenger service (2001)
Religie Roman Catholic 66% (less than half of the adult population attends church regularly), Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, nonprofessing or other 31%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: fully digitalized

domestic: most modern facilities concentrated w Montevideo; new nationwide microwave radio relay network

international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) (2002)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 929,141 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe 350,000 (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 20 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.35 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 15.2% (2001) (2001)
Drogi wodne 1,600 km (used by coastal and shallow-draft river craft)
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