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Tuvalu (2008)

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Tuvalu 2008 roku

 Tuvalu
Podzial administracyjny none
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 29.8% (male 1,821/female 1,752)


15-64 years: 65.2% (male 3,808/female 4,006)


65 years and over: 5% (male 227/female 378) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coconuts; fish
Lotniska 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 26 sq km


land: 26 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote dla separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Niepodleglosc was granted w 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" dla $50 million w royalties over a 12-year period.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 22.43 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $22.78 million


expenditures: $14.23 million (2002)
Stolica name: Funafuti


geographic coordinates: 8 30 S, 179 12 E


time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


note: administrative offices are located w Vaiaku Village on Fongafale Islet
Klimat tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (marzec to listopad); westerly gales and heavy rain (listopad to marzec)
Linia brzegowa 24 km
Konstytucja 1 pazdziernik 1978
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Tuvalu


local long form: none


local short form: Tuvalu


former: Ellice Islands


note: "Tuvalu" means "group of eight," referring to the country's eight traditionally inhabited islands
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Tuvalu; the US ambassador to Fidzi is accredited to Tuvalu
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA Tuvalu does not have an embassy w the US - the country's only diplomatic post is w Fidzi - Tuvalu does, however, have a UN office located at 800 2nd Avenue, Suite 400D, New York, NY 10017, telephone: [1] (212) 490-0534
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $13 million; note - major donors are Australia, Japonia, and the US (1999 est.)
Ekonomia Tuvalu consists of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls z poor soil. The country has no known mineral resources and few exports. Subsistence farming and fishing are the primary economic activities. Fewer than 1,000 tourists, on average, visit Tuvalu annually. Government revenues largely come from the sale of stamps and coins and remittances from seamen on merchant ships abroad. Substantial income is received annually from an international trust fund established w 1987 by Australia, NZ, and the UK and supported also by Japonia and South Korea. Thanks to wise investments and conservative withdrawals, this fund grew from an initial $17 million to over $35 million w 1999. The US Government is also a major revenue source dla Tuvalu because of payments from a 1988 treaty on fisheries. In an effort to reduce its dependence on foreign aid, the government is pursuing public sector reforms, including privatization of some government functions and personnel cuts of up to 7%. Tuvalu derives around $1.5 million per year from the lease of its ".tv" Internet domain name. With merchandise exports only a fraction of merchandise imports, continued reliance must be placed on fishing and telecommunications license fees, remittances from overseas workers, official transfers, and income from overseas investments.
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems z storage facilities (the Japoniaese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand dla building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth dla use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is concerned about global increases w greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table; w 2000, the government appealed to Australia and Nowa Zelandia to take w Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Polynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%
Kurs waluty Tuvaluan dollars or Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.2137 (2007), 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor General Filoimea TELITO (since 15 kwiecien 2005)


head of government: Prime Minister Apisai IELEMIA (since 14 sierpien 2006)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister


elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by and from the members of Parliament; election last held 14 sierpien 2006 (next to be held following parliamentary elections w 2010)


election results: Apisai IELEMIA elected Prime Minister w a Parliamentary election on 14 sierpien 2006
Eksport $1 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport - towary copra, fish
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 60.5%, Wlochy 20.1%, Fidzi 6.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi light blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant; the outer half of the flag represents a map of the country z nine yellow five-pointed stars symbolizing the nine islands
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 16.6%


industry: 27.2%


services: 56.2% (2002)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.2% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 00 S, 178 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne one of the smallest and most remote countries on Earth; six of the 9 coral atolls - Nanumea, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, and Nukulaelae - have lagoons open to the ocean; Nanumaya and Niutao have landlocked lagoons; Niulakita does not have a lagoon
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import $9.186 million c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Import - towary food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods
Import - partnerzy Fidzi 46.1%, Japonia 18.9%, Chiny 18.2%, Australia 7.7%, NZ 4.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1 pazdziernik 1978 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl fishing, tourism, copra
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.9 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 21.64 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 16.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3.9% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, C, FAO, IFRCS (observer), IMO, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo High Court (a chief justice visits twice a year to preside over its sessions; its rulings can be appealed to the Court of Appeal w Fidzi); eight Island Courts (with limited jurisdiction)
Sila robocza 3,615 (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki note: people make a living mainly through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls and from wages sent home by those abroad (mostly workers w the phosphate industry and sailors)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 66.67%


other: 33.33% (2005)
Jezyki Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
System prawny NA
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Fale I Fono, also called House of Assembly (15 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 3 sierpien 2006 (next to be held w 2010)


election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 15
Zywotnosc total population: 68.63 years


male: 66.38 years


female: 70.99 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni NA
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls w the South Ocean Spokojny, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 74 ships (1000 GRT or over) 568,759 GRT/928,697 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 4, cargo 45, chemical tanker 5, container 2, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 13, refrigerated cargo 1, specialized tanker 1


foreign-owned: 61 (Chiny 25, Hong Kong 10, Kenia 1, Malediwy 1, Rumunia 1, Rosja 4, Singapur 13, Tajlandia 1, Turcja 1, US 1, Wietnam 3) (2007)
Wojsko no regular military forces; Police Force
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 1 pazdziernik (1978)
Narodowosc noun: Tuvaluan(s)


adjective: Tuvaluan
Naturalne zagrozenia severe tropical storms are usually rare, but, w 1997, there were three cyclones; low level of islands make them sensitive to changes w sea level
Surowce naturalne fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy there are no political parties but members of Parliament usually align themselves w informal groupings
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 11,992 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.543% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religie Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.039 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.951 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.601 male(s)/female


total population: 0.954 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: serves particular needs dla internal communications


domestic: radiotelephone communications between islands


international: country code - 688; international calls can be made by satellite
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 900 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 1,300 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 0 (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu very low-lying and narrow coral atolls
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.96 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
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