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Tanzania (2005)

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Tanzania 2005 roku

 Tanzania
Podzial administracyjny 26 regions; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kagera, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Manyara, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 44% (male 8,100,216/female 8,074,171)


15-64 years: 53.4% (male 9,665,957/female 9,963,772)


65 years and over: 2.6% (male 418,080/female 544,160) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 123 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 11


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 112


1,524 to 2,437 m: 19


914 to 1,523 m: 60


under 914 m: 33 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 945,087 sq km


land: 886,037 sq km


water: 59,050 sq km


note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than twice the size of California
Tlo historyczne Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania w 1964. One-party rule came to an end w 1995 z the first democratic elections held w the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 38.16 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.985 billion


expenditures: $2.074 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)
Stolica Dar es Salaam; note - legislative offices have been transferred to Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital; the National Assembly now meets there on regular basis
Klimat varies from tropical along coast to temperate w highlands
Linia brzegowa 1,424 km
Konstytucja 25 kwiecien 1977; major revisions pazdziernik 1984
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: United Republic of Tanzania


conventional short form: Tanzania


former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
Wspolczynnik zgonow 16.71 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $7.321 billion (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Robert V. ROYALL


embassy: 140 Msese Road, Kinondoni District, Dar es Salaam


mailing address: P. O. Box 9123, Dar es Salaam


telephone: [255] (22) 2666-010 through 2666-015


FAX: [255] (22) 2666-701, 2668-501
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Andrew Mhando DARAJA


chancery: 2139 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 939-6125


FAX: [1] (202) 797-7408
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje disputes z Malawi over the boundary w Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and the meandering Songwe River remain dormant
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.2 billion (2001)
Ekonomia Tanzania is one of the poorest countries w the world. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts dla almost half of Produkt krajowy brutto, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry traditionally featured the processing of agricultural products and light consumer goods. The Swiat Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's out-of-date economic infrastructure and to alleviate poverty. Growth w 1991-2002 featured a pickup w industrial production and a substantial increase w output of minerals, led by gold. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Continued donor assistance and solid macroeconomic policies supported real Produkt krajowy brutto growth of nearly 6% w 2004.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 2.566 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 30 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 2.727 billion kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m


highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially dla ivory
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
Kurs waluty Tanzanian shillings per US dollar - 1,089.33 (2004), 1,038.42 (2003), 966.58 (2002), 876.41 (2001), 800.41 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 listopad 1995); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 lipiec 2001); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 listopad 1995); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 lipiec 2001); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government


note: Zanzibar elects a president who is head of government dla matters internal to Zanzibar; Amani Abeid KARUME was elected to that office on 29 pazdziernik 2000


cabinet: Cabinet ministers, including the prime minister, are appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ballot by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 29 pazdziernik 2000 (next to be held 30 pazdziernik 2005); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Benjamin William MKAPA reelected president; percent of vote - Benjamin William MKAPA 71.7%, Ibrahim Haruna LIPUMBA 16.3%, sierpienine Lyatonga MREME 7.8%, John Momose CHEYO 4.2%
Eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Eksport $1.248 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
Eksport - partnerzy Indie 9.1%, Hiszpania 8.3%, Holandia 6.4%, Japonia 5.8%, UK 5%, Chiny 4.8%, Kenia 4.7% (2004)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is blue
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 43.2%


industry: 17.2%


services: 39.6% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $700 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.8% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 00 S, 35 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne Kilimanjaro is highest point w Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) w the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) w the west, and Lake Nyasa w the southwest
Autostrady total: 88,200 km


paved: 3,704 km


unpaved: 84,496 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.8%


highest 10%: 30.1% (1993)
Narkotyki growing role w transshipment of southwest and southeast Asian heroin and south American cocaine destined dla south African, European, and US markets and of south Asian methaqualone bound dla southern Africa; money laundering remains a problem
Import 30 million kWh (2002)
Import $1.972 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil
Import - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 13.1%, Chiny 8.1%, Indie 6.6%, Kenia 5.6%, UAE 5.5%, US 4.9%, UK 4.8%, Bahrajn 4.1% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 26 kwiecien 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 grudzien 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 grudzien 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united z Zanzibar 26 kwiecien 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 pazdziernik 1964
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8.4% (1999 est.)
Przemysl agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond, gold and iron mining, soda ash, oil refining, shoes, cement, apparel, wood products, fertilizer, salt
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 98.54 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 107.85 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 88.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 5.4% (2004 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, EADB, FAO, G- 6, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, SADC, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 1,550 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Permanent Commission of Enquiry (official ombudsman); Court of Appeal (consists of a chief justice and four judges); High Court (consists of a Jaji Kiongozi and 29 judges appointed by the president; holds regular sessions w all regions); District Courts; Primary Courts (limited jurisdiction and appeals can be made to the higher courts)
Sila robocza 19 million (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2002 est.)
Granica total: 3,861 km


border countries: Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenia 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambik 756 km, Ruanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 4.52%


permanent crops: 1.08%


other: 94.4% (2001)
Jezyki Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name dla Swahili w Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken w Zanzibar), many local languages


note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living w Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu w structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
System prawny based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (274 seats - 232 elected by popular vote, 37 allocated to women nominated by the president, five to members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives; members serve five-year terms); note - w addition to enacting laws that apply to the entire United Republic of Tanzania, the Assembly enacts laws that apply only to the mainland; Zanzibar has its own House of Representatives to make laws especially dla Zanzibar (the Zanzibar House of Representatives has 50 seats, directly elected by universal suffrage to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 29 pazdziernik 2000 (next to be held 30 pazdziernik 2005)


election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CCM 244, CUF 16, CHADEMA 4, TLP 3, UDP 2, Zanzibar representatives 5; Zanzibar House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CCM 34, CUF 16
Zywotnosc total population: 45.24 years


male: 44.56 years


female: 45.94 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic


total population: 78.2%


male: 85.9%


female: 70.7% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Eastern Africa, bordering the Ocean Indyjski, between Kenia and Mozambik
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 11 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 25,481 GRT/31,011 DWT


by type: cargo 2, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 4


registered w other countries: 1 (2005)
Wojsko Tanzanian People's Defense Force (JWTZ): Army, Naval Wing, Air Defense Command (includes Air Wing), National Service
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $20.6 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.2% (2004)
Swieto narodowe Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 kwiecien (1964)
Narodowosc noun: Tanzanian(s)


adjective: Tanzanian
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought
Surowce naturalne hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Rurociagi gas 29 km; oil 866 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (Party of Democracy and Development) or CHADEMA [Bob MAKANI]; Chama Cha Mapinduzi or CCM (Revolutionary Party) [Benjamin William MKAPA]; Civic United Front or CUF [Ibrahim LIPUMBA]; Democratic Party (unregistered) [Christopher MTIKLA]; Tanzania Labor Party or TLP [Augustine Lyatonga MREME]; United Democratic Party or UDP [John CHEYO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 36,766,356


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 36% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.83% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Dar es Salaam, Mtwara, Zanzibar City
Stacje radiowe AM 12, FM 11, shortwave 2 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 3,690 km


narrow gauge: 969 km 1.067-m gauge; 2,721 km 1.000-m gauge (2004)
Religie mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: fair system operating below capacity and being modernized dla better service; VSAT (very small aperture terminal) system under construction


domestic: trunk service provided by open-wire, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, and fiber-optic cable; some links being made digital


international: country code - 255; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 1 Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 149,100 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 891,200 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu plains along coast; central plateau; highlands w north, south
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.06 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA
Drogi wodne Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, and Lake Nyasa principal avenues of commerce z neighboring countries; rivers not navigable (2004)
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