Strona glowna Porownaj panstwa Spis panstw Spis pol

Fraza:

Tadzykistan (2001)

Tadzykistan - wybierz rok:
TadzykistanTadzykistan (2002) (porownaj)
TadzykistanTadzykistan (2003) (porownaj)
TadzykistanTadzykistan (2004) (porownaj)
TadzykistanTadzykistan (2005) (porownaj)
TadzykistanTadzykistan (2006) (porownaj)
TadzykistanTadzykistan (2007) (porownaj)
TadzykistanTadzykistan (2008) (porownaj)


Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami


Tadzykistan 2001 roku

 Tadzykistan
Podzial administracyjny 2 oblasts (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and one autonomous oblast* (viloyati mukhtori); Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon* (Khorugh - formerly Khorog), Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa - formerly Kurgan-Tyube), Viloyati Leninobod (Khujand - formerly Leninabad)

note:
the administrative center name follows w parentheses
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
41.18% (male 1,367,194; female 1,341,967)

15-64 years:
54.22% (male 1,773,605; female 1,793,345)

65 years and over:
4.6% (male 131,009; female 171,561) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 53 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
2

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
51

over 3,047 m:
1

1,524 to 2,437 m:
2

914 to 1,523 m:
12

under 914 m:
36 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
143,100 sq km

land:
142,700 sq km

water:
400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Tlo historyczne Tadzykistan has experienced three changes w government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence w 1991 from the USSR. A peace agreement among rival factions was signed w 1997, and implementation reportedly completed by late 1999. Part of the agreement required the legalization of opposition political parties prior to the 1999 elections, which occurred, but such parties have made little progress w successful participation w government. Random criminal and political violence w the country remains a complication impairing Tadzykistan's ability to engage internationally.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 33.23 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$146 million

expenditures:
$196 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Dushanbe
Klimat midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar w Pamir Mountains
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 6 listopad 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of Tadzykistan

conventional short form:
Tadzykistan

local long form:
Jumhurii Tojikiston

local short form:
none

former:
Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Waluta somoni
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.57 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.3 billion (1999 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Robert P. J. FINN

embassy:
temporarily collocated z the US Embassy w Almaty (Kazachstan)

mailing address:
use embassy street address

telephone:
NA

FAX:
NA
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA Tadzykistan does not have an embassy w the US, but does have a permanent mission to the UN: address - 136 East 67th Street, New York, NY 10021, telephone - [1] (212) 472-7645, FAX - [1] (212) 628-0252; permanent representative to the UN is Rashid ALIMOV
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje portions of Tadzykistan's northern and western border z Uzbekistan and its eastern border z Chiny have not been officially demarcated; territorial dispute z Kirgistan on northern boundary w Isfara Valley area
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $64.7 million (1995)
Ekonomia Tadzykistan has the lowest per capita Produkt krajowy brutto among the 15 former Soviet republics. Cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited w amount, include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly w light industry and food processing. The Tadzykistani economy has been gravely weakened by six years of civil conflict and by the loss of subsidies from Moscow and of markets dla its products. Most of its people live w abject poverty. Tadzykistan depends on aid from Rosja and Uzbekistan and on international humanitarian assistance dla much of its basic subsistence needs. The future of Tadzykistan's economy and the potential dla attracting foreign investment depend upon stability and continued progress w the peace process.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 14.729 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 3.9 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 4.1 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 15.623 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
1.9%

hydro:
98.1%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Syrdariya 300 m

highest point:
Pik Imeni Ismail Samani 7,495 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; part of the basin of the shrinking Aral Sea suffers from severe overutilization of available water dla irrigation and associated pollution
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Tajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Rosjan 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%
Kurs waluty Tadzykistani somoni per US dollar - 2.2 (styczen 2001), 1550 (styczen 2000), 998 (styczen 1999), 350 (styczen 1997), 284 (styczen 1996)

note:
the new unit of exchange was introduced on 30 pazdziernik 2000, z one somoni equal to 1,000 of the old Tadzykistani rubles
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Emomali RAHMONOV (since 6 listopad 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 listopad 1992)

head of government:
Prime Minister Oqil OQILOV (since 20 styczen 1999)

cabinet:
Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly

elections:
president elected by popular vote dla a seven-year term; election last held 6 listopad 1999 (next to be held NA 2006); prime minister appointed by the president

election results:
Emomali RAHMONOV elected president; percent of vote - Emomali RAHMONOV 97%, Davlat USMON 2%
Eksport 3.9 billion kWh (1999)
Eksport $761 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Liechtenstein 26%, Uzbekistan 20%, Rosja 8% (1998)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located w the center of the white stripe
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $7.3 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
19.8%

industry:
18.1%

services:
62.1% (1998)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,140 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.1% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 39 00 N, 71 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked
Autostrady total:
29,900 km

paved:
21,400 km (these roads are said to be hard-surfaced, and include, w addition to conventionally paved roads, some that are surfaced z gravel or other coarse aggregate, making them trafficable w all weather)

unpaved:
8,500 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate w wet weather) (1990)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Narkotyki major transshipment zone dla heroin and opiates from Afganistan going to Rosja and Western Europe; limited illicit cultivation of cannabis, mostly dla domestic consumption
Import 4.1 billion kWh (1999)
Import $782 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Europe 32.3%, Uzbekistan 29%, Rosja 13.6% (1998)
Niepodleglosc 9 wrzesien 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 10% (2000 est.)
Przemysl aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 116.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 33% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AsDB, CCC, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, IOC, IOM, ITU, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)
Dostawcy internetu NA
Nawadniane tereny 6,390 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 1.9 million (1996)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 50%, industry 20%, services 30% (1997 est.)
Granica total:
3,651 km

border countries:
Afganistan 1,206 km, Chiny 414 km, Kirgistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
6%

permanent crops:
0%

permanent pastures:
25%

forests and woodland:
4%

other:
65% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Tajik (official), Rosjan widely used w government and business
System prawny based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli consists of the Assembly of Representatives (lower chamber) or Majlisi Namoyandagon (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and National Assembly (upper chamber) or Majlisi Milliy (33 seats; members are indirectly elected, 25 selected by local deputies, 8 appointed by the president; all to serve five-year terms)

elections:
last held 27 luty and 12 marzec 2000 dla the Assembly of Representatives (next to be held NA 2005) and 23 marzec 2000 dla the National Assembly (next to be held NA 2005)

election results:
Assembly of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDPT 65%, Communist Party 20%, Islamic Rebirth Party 7.5%, other 7.5%; seats by party - NA; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA
Zywotnosc total population:
64.18 years

male:
61.09 years

female:
67.42 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
98%

male:
99%

female:
97% (1989 est.)
Lokalizacja Central Asia, west of Chiny
Lokalizacja na mapie Commonwealth of Independent States
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Army, Air Force, Air Defense Forces, Presidential National Guard, Security Forces (internal and border troops)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $17 million (FY97)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.8% (FY97)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
1,586,700 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
1,300,252 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males:
72,056 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 9 wrzesien (1991)
Narodowosc noun:
Tadzykistani(s)

adjective:
Tadzykistani
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi natural gas 400 km (1992)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Congress of People's Unity of Tadzykistan [Saiffidin TURAYEV]; Democratic Party or TDP [Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV, chairman]; Islamic Rebirth Party [Muhammadsharif HIMMAT-ZODA, chairman]; Lali Badakhshan Movement [Atobek AMIRBEKOV]; National Movement Party [Hakim MUHHABATOV]; Party of Justice and Development [Rahmatullo ZOIROV]; People's Democratic Party of Tadzykistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMONOV]; Rastokhez (Rebirth) Movement [Tohiri ABDUJABBOR]; Socialist Party [Sherali KENJAEV]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]; Adolatho "Justice" Party [Abdurahmon KARIMOV, chairman]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 6,578,681 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80% (2000 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.12% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie none
Stacje radiowe AM 9, FM 6, shortwave 5 (1998)
Radia 1.291 million (1991)
Linie kolejowe total:
480 km w common carrier service; does not include industrial lines (1990)
Religie Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 5%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.76 male(s)/female

total population:
0.99 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
poorly developed and not well maintained; many towns are not reached by the national network

domestic:
cable and microwave radio relay

international:
linked by cable and microwave radio relay to other CIS republics and by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; Dushanbe linked by Intelsat to international gateway switch w Ankara (Turcja); satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita and 2 Intelsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 363,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 2,500 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 0 (there are, however, repeaters that relay programs from Rosja, Iran, and Turcja) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Pamir and Alay mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley w north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys w southwest
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.29 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 5.7% includes only officially registered unemployed; also large numbers of underemployed workers and unregistered unemployed people (grudzien 1998)
Drogi wodne none
Mapa strony: Wszystkie porownania (mapa serwisu) | Spis podstron z informacjami na temat panstw
Links: Dodaj do ulubionych | Informacje o tej stronie | Statystyki | Polityka prywatnosci
Ta strona zostala wygenerowana w ciagu 0.44999122 s. Rozmiar tej strony: 45.51 kB.