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Qatar (2002)

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Qatar 2002 year

Administrative divisions 9 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Salal
Age structure 0-14 years: 25.2% (male 102,110; female 98,053)

15-64 years: 72.1% (male 403,508; female 168,428)

65 years and over: 2.7% (male 15,299; female 5,943) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Airports 4 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

over 3,047 m: 2 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 11,437 sq km

land: 11,437 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Connecticut
Background Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown by his son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Qatar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe.
Birth rate 15.78 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $5 billion

expenditures: $4.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $900 million (FY01/02 est. )
Capital Doha
Climate arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Coastline 563 km
Constitution provisional constitution enacted 19 April 1972; in July 1999 Amir HAMAD issued a decree forming a committee to draft a permanent constitution
Country name conventional long form: State of Qatar

conventional short form: Qatar

local long form: Dawlat Qatar

local short form: Qatar

note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Currency Qatari rial (QAR)
Death rate 4.34 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $13.1 billion (2000 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Maureen E. QUINN

embassy: Al-Luqtas District, 22 February Road, Doha

mailing address: P. O. Box 2399, Doha

telephone: [974] 488 4101

FAX: [974] 488 4298
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Badr Umar al-DAFA

chancery: 4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600

FAX: [1] (202) 237-0061

consulate(s) general: Houston
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Oil accounts for more than 30% of GDP, roughly 80% of export earnings, and 58% of government revenues. Proved oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels for 23 years. Oil has given Qatar a per capita GDP comparable to that of the leading West European industrial countries. Qatar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 7 trillion cubic meters, more than 5% of the world total, third largest in the world. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important. Long-term goals feature the development of offshore natural gas reserves. In 2000, Qatar posted its highest ever trade surplus of $7 billion, due mainly to high oil prices and increased natural gas exports, and managed to maintain the surplus in 2001.
Electricity - consumption 8.556 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 9.2 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Exchange rates Qatari rials per US dollar - 3.6400 (fixed rate)
Executive branch chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 June 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, in a bloodless coup); Crown Prince JASSIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 22 October 1996); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the armed forces

head of government: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 October 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 January 1998)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary

note: in March 1999, Qatar held nationwide elections for a 29-member Central Municipal Council, which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $11 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Exports - commodities petroleum products 80%, fertilizers, steel
Exports - partners Japan 43%, Singapore 8%, South Korea 6%, US 4%, UAE 2% (1999)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side
GDP purchasing power parity - $16.3 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 1%

industry: 49%

services: 50% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $21,200 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5.6% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 25 30 N, 51 15 E
Geography - note strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits
Heliports 1 (2002)
Highways total: 1,230 km

paved: 1,107 km

unpaved: 123 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $3.5 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals
Imports - partners UK 10%, Japan 8%, Germany 6%, Italy 6%, US 6% (1998)
Independence 3 September 1971 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement
Infant mortality rate 20.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2% (2001)
International organization participation ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land 130 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal
Labor force 280,122 (1997 est.)
Land boundaries total: 60 km

border countries: Saudi Arabia 60 km
Land use arable land: 1.27%

permanent crops: 0.27%

other: 98.46% (1998 est.)
Languages Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
Legal system discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters
Legislative branch unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)

note: the constitution calls for elections for part of this consultative body, but no elections have been held since 1970, when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have had their terms extended every four years since
Life expectancy at birth total population: 72.88 years

male: 70.4 years

female: 75.48 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 79%

male: 79%

female: 80% (1995 est.)
Location Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 NM

exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 25 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 679,081 GRT/1,051,088 DWT

ships by type: cargo 10, combination ore/oil 2, container 7, petroleum tanker 6

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Kuwait 1, United Arab Emirates 3 (2002 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $723 million (FY00/01)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 10% (FY00/01)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 316,885

note: includes non-nationals (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 166,214 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - military age 18 years of age (2002 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 6,797 (2002 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 3 September (1971)
Nationality noun: Qatari(s)

adjective: Qatari
Natural hazards haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, fish
Net migration rate 18.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Pipelines crude oil 235 km; natural gas 400 km
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 793,341 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 3.02% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Doha, Halul Island, Umm Sa'id (Musay'id)
Radio broadcast stations AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios 256,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Muslim 95%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 2.4 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 2.57 male(s)/female

total population: 1.91 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage suffrage is limited to municipal elections
Telephone system general assessment: modern system centered in Doha

domestic: NA

international: tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrain and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat
Telephones - main lines in use 142,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 43,476 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus three repeaters) (2001)
Terrain mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel
Total fertility rate 3.1 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 2.7% (2001)
Waterways none
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