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Qatar (2001)

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Qatar 2001 year

Administrative divisions 9 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Salal
Age structure 0-14 years:
25.77% (male 101,155; female 97,086)

15-64 years:
71.75% (male 391,178; female 160,665)

65 years and over:
2.48% (male 13,625; female 5,443) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Airports 4 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
11,437 sq km

11,437 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Connecticut
Background Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown by his son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Qatar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe.
Birth rate 15.91 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$3.9 billion

$4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Capital Doha
Climate desert; hot, dry; humid and sultry in summer
Coastline 563 km
Constitution provisional constitution enacted 19 April 1972; in July 1999 Amir HAMAD issued a decree forming a committee to draft a permanent constitution
Country name conventional long form:
State of Qatar

conventional short form:

local long form:
Dawlat Qatar

local short form:

closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Currency Qatari rial (QAR)
Death rate 4.26 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $13.1 billion (2000 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Elizabeth Davenport MCKUNE

22 February Road, Doha

mailing address:
P. O. Box 2399, Doha

[974] 488 4101

[974] 488 4298

workweek is Saturday-Wednesday
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Badr Umar al-DAFA

4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

[1] (202) 274-1600

[1] (202) 237-0061

consulate(s) general:
Disputes - international in March of 2001, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) awarded the Hawar Islands to Bahrain and adjusted its maritime boundary with Qatar; a final border resolution was agreed to with Saudi Arabia in March of 2001
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Oil accounts for more than 30% of GDP, roughly 80% of export earnings, and 66% of government revenues. Proved oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels for 23 years. Oil has given Qatar a per capita GDP comparable to that of the leading West European industrial countries. Qatar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 7 trillion cubic meters, more than 5% of the world total, third largest in the world. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important. Long-term goals feature the development of offshore petroleum and the diversification of the economy. In 2000, Qatar posted its highest ever trade surplus of $6 billion, due mainly to high oil prices and increased natural gas exports.
Electricity - consumption 8.37 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 9 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point:
Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:
Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Exchange rates Qatari rials per US dollar - 3.6400 (fixed rate)
Executive branch chief of state:
Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 June 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, in a bloodless coup); Crown Prince JASSIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 22 October 1996); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the armed forces

head of government:
Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 October 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 January 1998)

Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

none; the monarch is hereditary

in March 1999 Qatar held nationwide elections for a 29-member Central Municipal Council, which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $9.8 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Exports - commodities petroleum products 80%, fertilizers, steel
Exports - partners Japan 52%, Singapore 9%, South Korea 8%, US, UAE (1998)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side
GDP purchasing power parity - $15.1 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


50% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $20,300 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 4% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 25 30 N, 51 15 E
Geography - note strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits
Heliports 1 (2000 est.)
Highways total:
1,230 km

1,107 km

123 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $3.8 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals
Imports - partners UK 10%, Japan 8%, Germany 6%, US 6%, Italy 6% (1998)
Independence 3 September 1971 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement
Infant mortality rate 21.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.5% (2000)
International organization participation ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land 80 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal
Labor force 233,000 (1993 est.)
Land boundaries total:
60 km

border countries:
Saudi Arabia 60 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

94% (1993 est.)
Languages Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
Legal system discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law is significant in personal matters
Legislative branch unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)

the constitution calls for elections for part of this consultative body, but no elections have been held since 1970, when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have their terms extended every four years since
Life expectancy at birth total population:
72.62 years

70.16 years

75.21 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


80% (1995 est.)
Location Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims contiguous zone:
24 NM

exclusive economic zone:
as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
25 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 677,992 GRT/1,049,447 DWT

ships by type:
cargo 10, combination ore/oil 2, container 7, petroleum tanker 6 (2000 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force, Public Security
Military expenditures - dollar figure $723 million (FY00/01)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 10% (FY00/01)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:

includes non-nationals (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
163,642 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - military age 18 years of age
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males:
6,797 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 3 September (1971)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, fish
Net migration rate 20.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Pipelines crude oil 235 km; natural gas 400 km
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 769,152 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 3.18% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Doha, Halul Island, Umm Sa'id (Musay'id)
Radio broadcast stations AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios 256,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Muslim 95%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
2.43 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
2.5 male(s)/female

total population:
1.92 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage suffrage is limited to municipal elections
Telephone system general assessment:
modern system centered in Doha


tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrain and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat
Telephones - main lines in use 142,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 43,476 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 2 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
Terrain mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel
Total fertility rate 3.17 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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