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Malediwy (2008)

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Malediwy 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 19 atolls (atholhu, singular and plural) and the capital city*; Alifu, Baa, Dhaalu, Faafu, Gaafu Alifu, Gaafu Dhaalu, Gnaviyani, Haa Alifu, Haa Dhaalu, Kaafu, Laamu, Lhaviyani, Maale* (Male), Meemu, Noonu, Raa, Seenu, Shaviyani, Thaa, Vaavu
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.9% (male 81,383/female 76,984)

15-64 years: 54% (male 101,699/female 97,518)

65 years and over: 3.1% (male 5,619/female 5,828) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; fish
Lotniska 5 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 300 sq km

land: 300 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The Malediwy was long a sultanate, first under Dutch and then under British protection. It became a republic w 1968, three years after independence. Since 1978, President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM - currently w his sixth term w office - has dominated the islands' political scene. Following riots w the capital Male w sierpien 2004, the president and his government pledged to embark upon democratic reforms, including a more representative political system and expanded political freedoms. Progress has been slow, however, and many promised reforms have been slow to come to fruition. Nonetheless, political parties were legalized w 2005. A constituent assembly - termed the "special majlis" - has pledged to complete the drafting of a new constitution by the end of 2007 and first-ever presidential elections under a multi-candidate, multi-party system are slated dla listopad 2008. Tourism and fishing are being developed on the archipelago.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 34.2 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $508 million (including foreign grants)

expenditures: $671 million (2006 est.)
Stolica name: Male

geographic coordinates: 4 10 N, 73 30 E

time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (listopad to marzec); rainy, southwest monsoon (czerwiec to sierpien)
Linia brzegowa 644 km
Konstytucja adopted 1 styczen 1998
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Malediwy

conventional short form: Malediwy

local long form: Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa

local short form: Dhivehi Raajje
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.88 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $482 million (2006 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Malediwy; the US Ambassador to Sri Lanka is accredited to Malediwy and makes periodic visits there
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)

chancery: 800 2nd Avenue, Suite 400E, New York, NY 10017

telephone: [1] (212) 599-6194

FAX: [1] (212) 599-6195
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $66.83 million (2005)
Ekonomia Tourism, Malediwy' largest industry, accounts dla 28% of Produkt krajowy brutto and more than 60% of the Malediwy' foreign exchange receipts. Over 90% of government tax revenue comes from import duties and tourism-related taxes. Fishing is the second leading sector. Agriculture and manufacturing continue to play a lesser role w the economy, constrained by the limited availability of cultivable land and the shortage of domestic labor. Most staple foods must be imported. Industry, which consists mainly of garment production, boat building, and handicrafts, accounts dla about 7% of Produkt krajowy brutto. The Maldivian Government began an economic reform program w 1989 initially by lifting import quotas and opening some exports to the private sector. Subsequently, it has liberalized regulations to allow more foreign investment. Real Produkt krajowy brutto growth averaged over 7.5% per year dla more than a decade. In late grudzien 2004, a major tsunami left more than 100 dead, 12,000 displaced, and property damage exceeding $300 million. As a result of the tsunami, the Produkt krajowy brutto contracted by about 3.6% w 2005. A rebound w tourism, post-tsunami reconstruction, and development of new resorts helped the economy recover quickly. The trade deficit has expanded sharply as a result of high oil prices and imports of construction material. Diversifying beyond tourism and fishing and increasing employment are the major challenges facing the government. Over the longer term Maldivian authorities worry about the impact of erosion and possible global warming on their low-lying country; 80% of the area is one meter or less above sea level.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 157.1 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 169 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Wilingili island w the Addu Atoll 2.4 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies; global warming and sea level rise; coral reef bleaching
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne South Indiens, Sinhalese, Arabs
Kurs waluty rufiyaa per US dollar - NA (2007), 12.8 (2006), 12.8 (2005), 12.8 (2004), 12.8 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 listopad 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 listopad 1978)

cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president

elections: president nominated by the Majlis; nomination must be ratified by a national referendum (at least a 51% approval margin is required); president elected dla a five-year term; election last held 17 pazdziernik 2003 (next to be held w 2008)

election results: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM reelected w referendum held 17 pazdziernik 2003; percent of popular vote - Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM 90.3%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $167 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 1,517 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary fish
Eksport - partnerzy Tajlandia 33.1%, UK 14.3%, Sri Lanka 11.9%, Japonia 10.3%, Francja 6.9%, Algieria 6.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi red z a large green rectangle w the center bearing a vertical white crescent; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 16%

industry: 7%

services: 77% (2006 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 3 15 N, 73 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls (200 inhabited islands, plus 80 islands z tourist resorts); archipelago z strategic location astride and along major sea lanes w Ocean Indyjski
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $930 million f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 6,390 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary petroleum products, ships, foodstuffs, clothing, intermediate and capital goods
Import - partnerzy Singapur 23.2%, UAE 15.8%, Indie 11.1%, Malezja 7.9%, Tajlandia 6.9%, Sri Lanka 5.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 26 lipiec 1965 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -0.9% (2004 est.)
Przemysl tourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 53.25 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 52.4 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 54.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 6% (2005 est.)
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo High Court
Sila robocza 101,300 (2004)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 22%

industry: 18%

services: 60% (1995)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 13.33%

permanent crops: 30%

other: 56.67% (2005)
Jezyki Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English spoken by most government officials
System prawny based on Islamic law z admixtures of English common law primarily w commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral People's Council or Majlis (50 seats; 42 members elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 22 styczen 2005 (next to be held w 2010)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 50
Zywotnosc total population: 64.76 years

male: 63.41 years

female: 66.19 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 96.3%

male: 96.2%

female: 96.4% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Southern Asia, group of atolls w the Ocean Indyjski, south-southwest of Indie
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 22 ships (1000 GRT or over) 85,935 GRT/114,054 DWT

by type: cargo 17, petroleum tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 2

foreign-owned: 1 (Grecja 1)

registered w other countries: 2 (Panama 1, Tuvalu 1) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi Malediwy has no regular armed forces; the Malediwy National Defense Force (MNDF) includes ground forces, the Coast Guard, and a small, undermanned air element; z its small size and z little servable equipment, the MNDF is inadequate to prevent external aggression and is primarily tasked to reinforce the Malediwy Police Service (MPS) and ensure security w the exclusive economic zone (2007)
Wojsko Malediwy National Defense Force (MNDF): Quick Reaction Force, Security Protection Group, Coast Guard (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5.5% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 lipiec (1965)
Narodowosc noun: Maldivian(s)

adjective: Maldivian
Naturalne zagrozenia low level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise
Surowce naturalne fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Adhaalath (Justice) Party or AP [Abdul Majeed Abdul BARI]; Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party (Maldivian People's Party) or DRP [Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM]; Islamic Democratic Party or IDP [Omar NASEER]; Maldivian Democratic Party or MDP [Mohamed NASHEED]; note - political parties were allowed to register w czerwiec 2005
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow various unregistered political parties
Ludnosc 369,031 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 21% (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 2.732% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Sunni Muslim
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.057 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.043 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.964 male(s)/female

total population: 1.046 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: telephone services have improved; each island now has at least 1 public telephone, and there are mobile cellular networks z rapidly expanding subscribership

domestic: interatoll communication through microwave links; all inhabited islands and resorts are connected z telephone and fax service

international: country code - 960; linked to international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); satellite earth station - 3 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 32,500 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 262,600 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat, z white sandy beaches
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.78 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NEGL% (2003 est.)
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