Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Madagascar (2007)

Madagascar - select year:
MadagascarMadagascar (2001) (compare)
MadagascarMadagascar (2002) (compare)
MadagascarMadagascar (2003) (compare)
MadagascarMadagascar (2004) (compare)
MadagascarMadagascar (2005) (compare)
MadagascarMadagascar (2006) (compare)
MadagascarMadagascar (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Madagascar 2007 year

Administrative divisions 6 provinces (faritany); Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara
Age structure 0-14 years: 43.9% (male 4,297,985/female 4,243,369)

15-64 years: 53% (male 5,117,874/female 5,190,032)

65 years and over: 3.1% (male 270,411/female 329,144) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products
Airports 104 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 27

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 6

914 to 1,523 m: 17

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 77

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 41

under 914 m: 34 (2007)
Area total: 587,040 sq km

land: 581,540 sq km

water: 5,500 sq km
Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Arizona
Background Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896, but regained its independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held, ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner.
Birth rate 38.6 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $863.3 million

expenditures: $1.132 billion (2006 est.)
Capital name: Antananarivo

geographic coordinates: 18 55 S, 47 31 E

time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
Coastline 4,828 km
Constitution 19 August 1992 by national referendum
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Madagascar

conventional short form: Madagascar

local long form: Republique de Madagascar/Repoblikan'i Madagasikara

local short form: Madagascar/Madagasikara

former: Malagasy Republic
Death rate 8.51 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $4.6 billion (2002)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador James D. McGEE

embassy: 14-16 Rue Rainitovo, Antsahavola, Antananarivo 101

mailing address: B. P. 620, Antsahavola, Antananarivo

telephone: [261] (20) 22-212-57, 22-212-73, 22-209-56

FAX: [261] (20) 22-345-39
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Jocelyn Bertin RADIFERA

chancery: 2374 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 265-5525, 5526

FAX: [1] (202) 265-3034

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island (all administered by France)
Economic aid - recipient $929.2 million (2005)
Economy - overview Having discarded past socialist economic policies, Madagascar has since the mid 1990s followed a World Bank- and IMF-led policy of privatization and liberalization. This strategy placed the country on a slow and steady growth path from an extremely low level. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population. Exports of apparel have boomed in recent years primarily due to duty-free access to the US. Deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel, are serious concerns. President RAVALOMANANA has worked aggressively to revive the economy following the 2002 political crisis, which triggered a 12% drop in GDP that year. Poverty reduction and combating corruption will be the centerpieces of economic policy for the next few years.
Electricity - consumption 973.2 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 1.046 billion kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m
Environment - current issues soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several endangered species of flora and fauna unique to the island
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
Exchange rates Malagasy ariary per US dollar - 2,161.4 (2006), 2,003 (2005), 1,868.9 (2004), 1,238.3 (2003), 1,366.4 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: President Marc RAVALOMANANA (since 6 May 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Charles RABEMANANJARA (25 January 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 3 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2011); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: percent of vote - Marc RAVALOMANANA 54.8%, Jean LAHINIRIKO 11.7%, Roland RATSIRAKA 10.1%, Herizo RAZAFIMAHALEO 9.1%, Norbert RATSIRAHONANA 4.2%, Ny Hasina ANDRIAMANJATO 4.2%, Elia RAVELOMANANTSOA 2.6%, Pety RAKOTONIAINA 1.7%, other 1.6%
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $898 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, chromite, petroleum products
Exports - partners France 32.1%, US 25.3%, Germany 6.1%, Italy 5.1%, UK 4.1% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a vertical white band of the same width on hoist side
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 28.2%

industry: 16.3%

services: 55.5% (2006 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 4.7% (2006 est.)
Geographic coordinates 20 00 S, 47 00 E
Geography - note world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 1.9%

highest 10%: 36.6% (2001)
Illicit drugs illicit producer of cannabis (cultivated and wild varieties) used mostly for domestic consumption; transshipment point for heroin
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $1.467 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food
Imports - partners France 13.9%, China 12%, Iran 9.3%, Mauritius 5.6%, Hong Kong 4.8% (2006)
Independence 26 June 1960 (from France)
Industrial production growth rate 3% (2000 est.)
Industries meat processing, seafood, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism
Infant mortality rate total: 57.02 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 62.09 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 51.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 10.8% (2006 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Irrigated land 10,860 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; High Constitutional Court or Haute Cour Constitutionnelle
Labor force 7.3 million (2000)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 5.03%

permanent crops: 1.02%

other: 93.95% (2005)
Languages English (official), French (official), Malagasy (official)
Legal system based on French civil law system and traditional Malagasy law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Legislative branch bicameral legislature consists of a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (127 seats - reduced from 160 seats by an April 2007 national referendum; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and a Senate or Senat (100 seats; two-thirds of the seats filled by regional assemblies; the remaining one-third of seats appointed by the president; to serve four-year terms)

elections: National Assembly - last held 23 September 2007 (next to be held in 2011)

election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - TIM 106, LEADER/Fanilo 1, independents 20
Life expectancy at birth total population: 62.14 years

male: 60.23 years

female: 64.1 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 68.9%

male: 75.5%

female: 62.5% (2003 est.)
Location Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Map references Africa
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or 100 nm from the 2,500-m deep isobath
Merchant marine total: 9 ships (1000 GRT or over) 13,896 GRT/18,466 DWT

by type: cargo 5, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2 (2007)
Military branches People's Armed Forces: Intervention Force, Development Force, and Aeronaval Force (navy and air); National Gendarmerie
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1% (2006)
National holiday Independence Day, 26 June (1960)
Nationality noun: Malagasy (singular and plural)

adjective: Malagasy
Natural hazards periodic cyclones, drought, and locust infestation
Natural resources graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar or AREMA [Pierrot RAJAONARIVELO]; Democratic Party for Union in Madagascar or PSDUM [Jean LAHINIRIKO]; Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery or LEADER/Fanilo [Herizo RAZAFIMAHALEO]; Fihaonana Party or FP [Guy-Willy RAZANAMASY]; I Love Madagascar or TIM [Marc RAVALOMANANA]; Renewal of the Social Democratic Party or RPSD [Evariste MARSON]
Political pressure groups and leaders Committee for the Defense of Truth and Justice or KMMR; Committee for National Reconciliation or CRN [Albert Zafy]; National Council of Christian Churches or FFKM
Population 19,448,815 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line 50% (2004 est.)
Population growth rate 3.008% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2 (plus a number of repeater stations), FM 9, shortwave 6 (2001)
Railways total: 854 km

narrow gauge: 854 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religions indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.013 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.986 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.822 male(s)/female

total population: 0.992 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: system is above average for the region

domestic: open-wire lines, coaxial cables, microwave radio relay, and tropospheric scatter links connect regions

international: country code - 261; submarine cable to Bahrain; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean), 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region)
Telephones - main lines in use 129,800 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1.046 million (2006)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus 36 repeaters) (2001)
Terrain narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center
Total fertility rate 5.24 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Waterways 600 km (2006)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.