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Lesotho (2008)

Lesotho - wybierz rok:
LesothoLesotho (2001) (porownaj)
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LesothoLesotho (2003) (porownaj)
LesothoLesotho (2004) (porownaj)
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LesothoLesotho (2007) (porownaj)

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Lesotho 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 10 districts; Berea, Butha-Buthe, Leribe, Mafeteng, Maseru, Mohale's Hoek, Mokhotlong, Qacha's Nek, Quthing, Thaba-Tseka
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 35.7% (male 382,308/female 377,303)

15-64 years: 59.3% (male 613,979/female 645,818)

65 years and over: 5% (male 42,621/female 63,233) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo corn, wheat, pulses, sorghum, barley; livestock
Lotniska 28 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

over 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 25

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 21 (2007)
Terytorium total: 30,355 sq km

land: 30,355 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Maryland
Tlo historyczne Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK w 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled dla the first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled w 1990, but returned to Lesotho w 1992 and was reinstated w 1995. Konstytucjaal government was restored w 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by Republika Poludniowej Afrykin and Botswanan military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held w 2002, but the National Assembly elections of luty 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties continue to periodically demonstrate their distrust of the results.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 24.72 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $951.4 million

expenditures: $855.4 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Maseru

geographic coordinates: 29 19 S, 27 29 E

time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat temperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 2 kwiecien 1993
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Lesotho

conventional short form: Lesotho

local long form: Kingdom of Lesotho

local short form: Lesotho

former: Basutoland
Wspolczynnik zgonow 22.49 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $693 million (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Robert NOLAN

embassy: 254 Kingsway, Maseru West (Consular Section)

mailing address: P. O. Box 333, Maseru 100, Lesotho

telephone: [266] 22 312666

FAX: [266] 22 310116
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Mabasia MOHOBANE

chancery: 2511 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 797-5533 through 5536

FAX: [1] (202) 234-6815
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $68.82 million (2005)
Ekonomia Small, landlocked, and mountainous, Lesotho relies on remittances from miners employed w Republika Poludniowej Afryki and customs duties from the Southern Africa Customs Union dla the majority of government revenue. However, the government has recently strengthened its tax system to reduce dependency on customs duties. Completion of a major hydropower facility w styczen 1998 now permits the sale of water to Republika Poludniowej Afryki and also generates royalties dla Lesotho. Lesotho produces about 90% of its own electrical power needs. As the number of mineworkers has declined steadily over the past several years, a small manufacturing base has developed based on farm products that support the milling, canning, leather, and jute industries, as well as a rapidly expanding apparel-assembly sector. The latter has grown significantly mainly due to Lesotho qualifying dla the trade benefits contained w the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act. The economy is still primarily based on subsistence agriculture, especially livestock, although drought has decreased agricultural activity. The extreme inequality w the distribution of income remains a major drawback. Lesotho has signed an Interim Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility z the IMF. In lipiec 2007 Lesotho signed a Millennium Challenge Account Compact z the US worth $362.5 million.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 338.5 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 13 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 350 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m

highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy population pressure forcing settlement w marginal areas results w overgrazing, severe soil erosion, and soil exhaustion; desertification; Highlands Water Project controls, stores, and redirects water to Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Sotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
Kurs waluty maloti per US dollar - 7.25 (2007), 6.85 (2006), 6.3593 (2005), 6.4597 (2004), 7.5648 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King LETSIE III (since 7 luty 1996); note - King LETSIE III formerly occupied the throne from listopad 1990 to luty 1995 while his father was w exile

head of government: Prime Minister Pakalitha MOSISILI (since 23 maj 1998)

cabinet: Cabinet

elections: none - according to the constitution, the leader of the majority party w the Assembly automatically becomes prime minister; the monarch is hereditary, but, under the terms of the constitution, that came into effect after the marzec 1993 election, the monarch is a "living symbol of national unity" z no executive or legislative powers; under traditional law the college of chiefs has the power to depose the monarch, determine who is next w the line of succession, or who shall serve as regent w the event that the successor is not of mature age
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $905 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary manufactures 75% (clothing, footwear, road vehicles), wool and mohair, food and live animals (2000)
Eksport - partnerzy US 81.9%, Belgia 15%, Kanada 1.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi three horizontal stripes of blue (top), white, and green w the proportions of 3:4:3; the colors represent rain, peace, and prosperity respectively; centered w the white stripe is a black Basotho hat representing the indigenous people; the flag was unfurled w pazdziernik 2006 to celebrate 40 years of independence
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 15.2%

industry: 45%

services: 39.7% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 29 30 S, 28 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked, completely surrounded by Republika Poludniowej Afryki; mountainous, more than 80% of the country is 1,800 meters above sea level
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.9%

highest 10%: 43.4% (2002 est.)
Import 13 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2005)
Import $1.584 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 1,400 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food; building materials, vehicles, machinery, medicines, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy Hong Kong 33.4%, Chiny 31.2%, Niemcy 7.7%, Indie 7.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 4 pazdziernik 1966 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 12% (2007 est.)
Przemysl food, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 79.85 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 84.4 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 75.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 12% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo High Court (chief justice appointed by the monarch acting on the advice of the Prime Minister); Court of Appeal; Magistrate Courts; customary or traditional court
Sila robocza 838,000 (2000 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 86% of resident population engaged w subsistence agriculture; roughly 35% of the active male wage earners work w Republika Poludniowej Afryki

industry and services: 14% (2002 est.)
Granica total: 909 km

border countries: Republika Poludniowej Afryki 909 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 10.87%

permanent crops: 0.13%

other: 89% (2005)
Jezyki Sesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa
System prawny based on English common law and Roman-Dutch law; judicial review of legislative acts w High Court and Court of Appeal; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (33 members - 22 principal chiefs and 11 other members appointed by the ruling party) and the Assembly (120 seats, 80 by popular vote and 40 by proportional vote; members elected by popular vote dla five-year terms)

elections: last held 17 luty 2007 (next to be held w 2012)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - LCD 61, NIP 21, ABC 17, LWP 10, ACP 4, BNP 3, other 4
Zywotnosc total population: 39.97 years

male: 40.73 years

female: 39.18 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 84.8%

male: 74.5%

female: 94.5% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, an enclave of Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko - uwagi the Lesotho Government w 1999 began an open debate on the future structure, size, and role of the armed forces, especially considering the Lesotho Defense Force's (LDF) history of intervening w political affairs
Wojsko Lesotho Defense Force (LDF): Army and Air Wing
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.6% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 4 pazdziernik (1966)
Narodowosc noun: Mosotho (singular), Basotho (plural)

adjective: Basotho
Naturalne zagrozenia periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne water, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance of Congress Parties or ACP; All Basotho Convention or ABC [Thomas THABANE]; Basotholand African Congress or BAC [Khauhelo RALITAPOLE]; Basotho Congress Party or BCP [Ntsukunyane MPHANYA]; Basotho National Party or BNP [Maj. Gen. Justin Metsing LEKHANYA]; Kopanang Basotho Party or KPB [Pheelo MOSALA]; Lesotho Congress dla Democracy or LCD (the governing party) [Pakalitha MOSISILI]; Lesotho Education Party or LEP [Thabo PITSO]; Lesotho Workers Party or LWP [Macaefa BILLY]; Marematlou Freedom Party or MFP [Vincent MALEBO]; National Independent Party or NIP [Anthony MANYELI]; New Lesotho Freedom Party or NLFP [Manapo MAJARA]; Popular Front dla Democracy or PFD [Lekhetho RAKUOANE]; Sefate Democratic Union or SDU [Bofihla NKUEBE]; Social Democratic Party of SDP [Masitise SELESO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 2,125,262

note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 49% (1999)
Przyrost naturalny 0.144% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.013 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.951 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.674 male(s)/female

total population: 0.956 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: rudimentary system consisting of a modest but growing number of landlines, a small microwave radio relay system, and a small radiotelephone communication system; mobile-cellular telephone system is expanding

domestic: privatized w 2001, Telecom Lesotho tasked z providing an additional 50,000 fixed-line connections within five years, a target not met; mobile-cellular service is expanding z a subscribership approaching 15 per 100 persons; rural services are scant

international: country code - 266; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 48,000 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 249,800 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2000)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly highland z plateaus, hills, and mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.21 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 45% (2002)
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