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Kuwejt (2004)

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Kuwejt 2004 roku

 Kuwejt
Podzial administracyjny 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al Farwaniyah, Al 'Asimah, Al Jahra', Hawalli
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 27.5% (male 316,237; female 304,671)


15-64 years: 69.8% (male 1,007,298; female 569,128)


65 years and over: 2.7% (male 38,408; female 21,807) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo practically no crops; fish
Lotniska 7 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 17,820 sq km


land: 17,820 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense dla the ruling Kuwejti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence w 1961. Kuwejt was attacked and overrun by Irak on 2 sierpien 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 luty 1991 that liberated Kuwejt w four days. Kuwejt spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 21.85 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $29.41 billion


expenditures: $17.57 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003)
Stolica Kuwejt
Klimat dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Linia brzegowa 499 km
Konstytucja approved and promulgated 11 listopad 1962
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Kuwejt


conventional short form: Kuwejt


local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt


local short form: Al Kuwayt
Waluta Kuwejti dinar (KWD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 2.44 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $12.18 billion (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Richard LEBARON


embassy: Bayan, Terytorium 14, Al-Masjed Al-Aqsa Street (near the Bayan palace), Kuwejt City


mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat 13001 Kuwejt; or PSC 1280 APO AE 09880-9000


telephone: [965] 539-5307, 5308


FAX: [965] 538-0282
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador SALIM al-Abdallah Jabir Al Sabah


chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702


FAX: [1] (202) 364-2868
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Kuwejt and Arabia Saudyjska continue negotiating a joint maritime boundary z Iran; no maritime boundary exists z Irak w the Persian Gulf
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie NA (2001)
Ekonomia Kuwejt is a small, rich, relatively open economy z proved crude oil reserves of about 98 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts dla nearly half of Produkt krajowy brutto, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwejt's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, z the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Kuwejt continues its discussions z foreign oil companies to develop fields w the northern part of the country.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 29.29 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 31.49 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m


highest point: unnamed location 306 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection


signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Grupy etniczne Kuwejti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Kurs waluty Kuwejti dinars per US dollar - 0.298 (2003), 0.3039 (2002), 0.3067 (2001), 0.3068 (2000), 0.3044 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 grudzien 1977); Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdullah al-Salim Al Sabah


head of government: Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 13 lipiec 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior NAWWAF al-Ahmad Al Sabah (since 2003); Deputy Prime Ministers JABIR MUBARAK al-Hamad Al Sabah (since 2001) and Muhammad Dayfallah al-SHARAR (since 2003)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the monarch


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $22.29 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2002 est.)
Eksport 1.97 million bbl/day (2003)
Eksport - towary oil and refined products, fertilizers
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 21.3%, South Korea 14.9%, US 11.5%, Singapur 9.8%, Tajwan 9.3% (2003)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red z a black trapezoid based on the hoist side; design, which dates to 1961, based on the Arab revolt flag of Swiat War I
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $41.46 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.4%


industry: 59.5%


services: 40% (2003)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $19,000 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.6% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 4,450 km


paved: 3,587 km


unpaved: 863 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $9.606 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2002 est.)
Import NA (2003)
Import - towary food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Import - partnerzy US 14.7%, Japonia 10.3%, Niemcy 9.6%, Chiny 6.6%, UK 6.1%, Arabia Saudyjska 5.5%, Wlochy 5%, Francja 4.2% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 19 czerwiec 1961 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -5% (2002 est.)
Przemysl petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 10.26 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 11.27 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 9.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 1.2% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 60 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo High Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 1.38 million


note: non-Kuwejtis represent about 80% of the labor force. (2003 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA, industries NA, services NA
Granica total: 462 km


border countries: Irak 240 km, Arabia Saudyjska 222 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.73%


permanent crops: 0.11%


other: 99.16% (2001)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English widely spoken
System prawny civil law system z Islamic law significant w personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 6 lipiec 2003 (next to be held NA 2007)


election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - Islamists 21, government supporters 14, liberals 3, and independents 12; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly
Zywotnosc total population: 76.84 years


male: 75.86 years


female: 77.86 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 83.5%


male: 85.1%


female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Irak and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm
Flota handlowa total: 38 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 2,319,082 GRT/3,768,828 DWT


by type: bulk 1, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 4, petroleum tanker 21, roll on/roll off 1


foreign-owned: Indie 1, Arabia Saudyjska 1


registered w other countries: 5 (2004 est.)
Wojsko Land Forces, Navy, Air Force (including Air Defense Force), National Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $2,500.4 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5.8% (2003)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 880,461 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 531,556 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 18,849 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 25 luty (1950)
Narodowosc noun: Kuwejti(s)


adjective: Kuwejti
Naturalne zagrozenia sudden cloudbursts are common from pazdziernik to kwiecien and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between marzec and sierpien
Surowce naturalne petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji 14.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi gas 169 km; oil 540 km; refined products 57 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none; formation of political parties is illegal
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow several political groups act as de facto parties: Bedouins, merchants, Sunni and Shi'a activists, and secular leftists and nationalists
Ludnosc 2,257,549


note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA
Przyrost naturalny 3.36%


note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Kuwejt, Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi, Mina' Su'ud
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.77 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.76 male(s)/female


total population: 1.52 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze adult males who have been naturalized dla 30 years or more or have resided w Kuwejt since before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21


note: only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; w 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized dla 30 years were eligible to vote dla the first time
System telefoniczny general assessment: the quality of service is excellent


domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity dla new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and open-wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwejt, and the country is well supplied z pay telephones


international: country code - 965; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska; linked to Bahrajn, Katar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki, 2 Ocean Indyjski), 1 Inmarsat (Ocean Atlantycki), and 2 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 486,900 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 1.42 million (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.03 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.1% (2003 est.)
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