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Katar (2005)

Katar - wybierz rok:
KatarKatar (2001) (porownaj)
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Katar 2005 roku

Podzial administracyjny 10 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Sa'id, Umm Salal
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 23.7% (male 104,453/female 100,295)

15-64 years: 72.9% (male 437,118/female 191,830)

65 years and over: 3.4% (male 21,599/female 7,756) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Lotniska 4 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

over 3,047 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 11,437 sq km

land: 11,437 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Katar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly dla pearling into an independent state z significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Katari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir, who had ruled the country since 1972. His son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, overthrew him w a bloodless coup w 1995. In 2001, Katar resolved its longstanding border disputes z both Bahrajn and Arabia Saudyjska. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Katar to have one of the highest per capita incomes w the world.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 15.54 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $10.17 billion

expenditures: $7.61 billion, including capital expenditures of $2.2 billion (2004 est.)
Stolica Doha
Klimat arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Linia brzegowa 563 km
Konstytucja ratified by public referendum on 29 kwiecien 2003, endorsed by the Emir on 8 czerwiec 2004, effective on 9 czerwiec 2005
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Katar

conventional short form: Katar

local long form: Dawlat Katar

local short form: Katar

note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.61 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $18.62 billion (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Chase UNTERMEYER

embassy: Al-Luqta District, 22 luty Road, Doha

mailing address: P. O. Box 2399, Doha

telephone: [974] 488 4101

FAX: [974] 488 4298
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Nasir bin Hamad bin Mubarak al-KHALIFA

chancery: 4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600 and 274-1603

FAX: [1] (202) 237-0061

consulate(s) general: Houston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie NA
Ekonomia Oil and gas account dla more than 55% of Produkt krajowy brutto, roughly 85% of export earnings, and 70% of government revenues. Oil and gas have given Katar a per capita Produkt krajowy brutto about 80% of that of the leading West European industrial countries. Proved oil reserves of 16 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels dla 23 years. Katar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 14 trillion cubic meters, more than 5% of the world total and third largest w the world. Long-term goals feature the development of offshore natural gas reserves to offset the ultimate decline w oil production. In recent years, Katar has consistently posted trade surpluses largely because of high oil prices and increased natural gas exports, becoming one of the world's fastest growing and highest per-capita income countries.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 9.046 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 9.727 billion kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indien 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Kurs waluty Katari rials per US dollar - 3.64 (2004), 3.64 (2003), 3.64 (2002), 3.64 (2001), 3.64 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa al-Thani (since 27 czerwiec 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad al-Thani, w a bloodless coup); Crown Prince TAMIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, third son of the monarch (selected Heir Apparent by the monarch on 5 sierpien 2003); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of Minister of Defense and Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces

head of government: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa al-Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 pazdziernik 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa al-Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 styczen 1998); First Deputy Prime Minister HAMAD bin JASIM bin JABIR al-Thani (since 16 wrzesien 2003; also Foreign Minister since 1992); Second Deputy Prime Minister Abdallah bin Hamad al-ATTIYAH (since 16 wrzesien 2003; also Energy Minister since NA 1992)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary

note: w kwiecien 2003, Katar held nationwide elections dla a 29-member Central Municipal Council (CMC), which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services; the first election dla the CMC was held w marzec 1999
Eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Eksport $15 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport 18.2 billion cu m (2004 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary liquefied natural gas (LNG), petroleum products, fertilizers, steel
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 41.9%, South Korea 15.8%, Singapur 9.1%, Indie 5.4% (2004)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi maroon z a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.3%

industry: 58.2%

services: 41.5% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $23,200 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 8.7% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 25 30 N, 51 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location w central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2004 est.)
Autostrady total: 1,230 km

paved: 1,107 km

unpaved: 123 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $6.15 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Francja 26.6%, US 9.5%, Arabia Saudyjska 9.4%, UAE 6.3%, Niemcy 5.2%, Japonia 5.2%, UK 5.1% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 3 wrzesien 1971 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 10% (2003 est.)
Przemysl crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.61 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 21.95 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 15.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2004 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, WToO
Nawadniane tereny 130 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal

note: under the new judiciary law issued w 2003, the former two court systems, civil and Islamic law, were merged under a higher court, the Court of Cassation, established dla appeals
Sila robocza 140,000 (2004 est.)
Granica total: 60 km

border countries: Arabia Saudyjska 60 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.64%

permanent crops: 0.27%

other: 98.09% (2001)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
System prawny discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)

note: no legislative elections have been held since 1970 when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have had their terms extended every four years since; the new constitution, which came into force on 8 czerwiec 2004, provides dla a 45-member Consultative Council, or Majlis al-Shura; the public would elect two-thirds of the Majlis al-Shura; the amir would appoint the remaining members
Zywotnosc total population: 73.67 years

male: 71.15 years

female: 76.32 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 89%

male: 89.1%

female: 88.6% (2004 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line
Flota handlowa total: 22 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 525,051 GRT/772,635 DWT

by type: cargo 3, chemical tanker 5, container 8, liquefied gas 2, petroleum tanker 3, roll on/roll off 1

foreign-owned: 6 (Kuwejt 6) (2005)
Wojsko Katari Amiri Land Force (QALF), Katari Amiri Navy (QAN), Katari Amiri Air Force (QAAF)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $723 million (FY00)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 10% (FY00)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 3 wrzesien (1971)
Narodowosc noun: Katari(s)

adjective: Katari
Naturalne zagrozenia haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 15.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 319 km; condensate/gas 209 km; gas 1,024 km; liquid petroleum gas 87 km; oil 702 km; oil/gas/water 41 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 863,051 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA
Przyrost naturalny 2.61% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Doha
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Muslim 95%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 2.28 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 2.78 male(s)/female

total population: 1.88 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system centered w Doha

domestic: NA

international: country code - 974; tropospheric scatter to Bahrajn; microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrajn and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski) and 1 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 184,500 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 376,500 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus three repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat and barren desert covered z loose sand and gravel
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.87 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.7% (2001)
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