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Katar (2002)

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Katar 2002 roku

 Katar
Podzial administracyjny 9 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Salal
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 25.2% (male 102,110; female 98,053)


15-64 years: 72.1% (male 403,508; female 168,428)


65 years and over: 2.7% (male 15,299; female 5,943) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Lotniska 4 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


over 3,047 m: 2 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Terytorium total: 11,437 sq km


land: 11,437 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Katar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly dla pearling into an independent state z significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Katari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown by his son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, w a bloodless coup w 1995. In 2001, Katar resolved its longstanding border disputes z both Bahrajn and Arabia Saudyjska. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Katar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 15.78 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $5 billion


expenditures: $4.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $900 million (FY01/02 est. )
Stolica Doha
Klimat arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Linia brzegowa 563 km
Konstytucja provisional constitution enacted 19 kwiecien 1972; w lipiec 1999 Amir HAMAD issued a decree forming a committee to draft a permanent constitution
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Katar


conventional short form: Katar


local long form: Dawlat Katar


local short form: Katar


note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Waluta Katari rial (QAR)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.34 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $13.1 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Maureen E. QUINN


embassy: Al-Luqtas District, 22 luty Road, Doha


mailing address: P. O. Box 2399, Doha


telephone: [974] 488 4101


FAX: [974] 488 4298
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Badr Umar al-DAFA


chancery: 4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016


telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600


FAX: [1] (202) 237-0061


consulate(s) general: Houston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Oil accounts dla more than 30% of Produkt krajowy brutto, roughly 80% of export earnings, and 58% of government revenues. Proved oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels dla 23 years. Oil has given Katar a per capita Produkt krajowy brutto comparable to that of the leading West European industrial countries. Katar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 7 trillion cubic meters, more than 5% of the world total, third largest w the world. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important. Long-term goals feature the development of offshore natural gas reserves. In 2000, Katar posted its highest ever trade surplus of $7 billion, due mainly to high oil prices and increased natural gas exports, and managed to maintain the surplus w 2001.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.556 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 9.2 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 100%


hydro: 0%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m


highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indien 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Kurs waluty Katari rials per US dollar - 3.6400 (fixed rate)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 czerwiec 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, w a bloodless coup); Crown Prince JASSIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 22 pazdziernik 1996); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the armed forces


head of government: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 pazdziernik 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 styczen 1998)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary


note: w marzec 1999, Katar held nationwide elections dla a 29-member Central Municipal Council, which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services
Eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Eksport $11 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Eksport - towary petroleum products 80%, fertilizers, steel
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 43%, Singapur 8%, South Korea 6%, US 4%, UAE 2% (1999)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi maroon z a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $16.3 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1%


industry: 49%


services: 50% (1996 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $21,200 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.6% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 25 30 N, 51 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location w central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2002)
Autostrady total: 1,230 km


paved: 1,107 km


unpaved: 123 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2000)
Import $3.5 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy UK 10%, Japonia 8%, Niemcy 6%, Wlochy 6%, US 6% (1998)
Niepodleglosc 3 wrzesien 1971 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 20.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 2% (2001)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 1 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 130 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 280,122 (1997 est.)
Granica total: 60 km


border countries: Arabia Saudyjska 60 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.27%


permanent crops: 0.27%


other: 98.46% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
System prawny discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)


note: the constitution calls dla elections dla part of this consultative body, but no elections have been held since 1970, when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have had their terms extended every four years since
Zywotnosc total population: 72.88 years


male: 70.4 years


female: 75.48 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 79%


male: 79%


female: 80% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary contiguous zone: 24 NM


exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 25 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 679,081 GRT/1,051,088 DWT


ships by type: cargo 10, combination ore/oil 2, container 7, petroleum tanker 6


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Kuwejt 1, Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie 3 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy, Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $723 million (FY00/01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 10% (FY00/01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 316,885


note: includes non-nationals (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 166,214 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 6,797 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 3 wrzesien (1971)
Narodowosc noun: Katari(s)


adjective: Katari
Naturalne zagrozenia haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 18.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 235 km; natural gas 400 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 793,341 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 3.02% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Doha, Halul Island, Umm Sa'id (Musay'id)
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radia 256,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Muslim 95%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 2.4 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 2.57 male(s)/female


total population: 1.91 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze suffrage is limited to municipal elections
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system centered w Doha


domestic: NA


international: tropospheric scatter to Bahrajn; microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrajn and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski) and 1 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 142,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 43,476 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus three repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat and barren desert covered z loose sand and gravel
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.1 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.7% (2001)
Drogi wodne none
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