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Irlandia (2008)

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Irlandia 2008 roku

 Irlandia
Podzial administracyjny 26 counties; Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, majo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow


note: Cavan, Donegal, and Monaghan are part of Ulster Province
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 20.8% (male 442,664/female 413,556)


15-64 years: 67.5% (male 1,387,803/female 1,385,355)


65 years and over: 11.7% (male 212,782/female 266,926) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo turnips, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, wheat; beef, dairy products
Lotniska 34 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 15


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 5 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 19


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 16 (2007)
Terytorium total: 70,280 sq km


land: 68,890 sq km


water: 1,390 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than West Virginia
Tlo historyczne Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began w the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes w 1014. English invasions began w the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that w 1921 resulted w independence from the UK dla 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1948 Irlandia withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community w 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Irlandia and have cooperated z Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement dla Northern Irlandia is being implemented z some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved w 1998.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 14.4 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $93.85 billion


expenditures: $91.07 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Dublin


geographic coordinates: 53 19 N, 6 14 W


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time
Linia brzegowa 1,448 km
Konstytucja adopted 1 lipiec 1937 by plebiscite; effective 29 grudzien 1937
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Irlandia


local long form: none


local short form: Eire
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.79 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.841 trillion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas C. FOLEY


embassy: 42 Elgin Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [353] (1) 668-8777


FAX: [353] (1) 668-9946
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Michael COLLINS


chancery: 2234 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 462-3939


FAX: [1] (202) 232-5993


consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, New York, San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Irlandia, Islandia, and the UK dispute Dania's claim that the Wyspy Owcze' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $719 million (2005)
Ekonomia Irlandia is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy z growth averaging 6% w 1995-2007. Agriculture, once the most important sector, is now dwarfed by industry and services. Although the exports sector, dominated by foreign multinationals, remains a key component of Irlandia's economy, construction has most recently fueled economic growth along z strong consumer spending and business investment. Property prices have risen more rapidly w Irlandia w the decade up to 2006 than w any other developed world economy. Per capita Produkt krajowy brutto is 40% above that of the four big European economies and the second highest w the EU behind Luksemburg, and w 2007 surpassed that of the Stany Zjednoczone. The Irish Government has implemented a series of national economic programs designed to curb price and wage inflation, invest w infrastructure, increase labor force skills, and promote foreign investment. A slowdown w the property market, more intense global competition, and increased costs, however, have compelled government economists to lower Irlandia's growth forecast slightly dla 2008. Irlandia joined w circulating the euro on 1 styczen 2002 along z 11 other EU nations.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 24.09 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 1 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 2.045 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 24.13 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne Celtic, English
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 listopad 1997)


head of government: Prime Minister Bertie AHERN (since 26 czerwiec 1997)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president z previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the House of Representatives


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a seven-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 31 pazdziernik 1997 (next scheduled dla pazdziernik 2011); note - Mary MCALEESE appointed to a second term when no other candidate qualified dla the 2004 presidential election; prime minister (taoiseach) nominated by the House of Representatives and appointed by the president


election results: Mary MCALEESE elected president; percent of vote - Mary MCALEESE 44.8%, Mary BANOTTI 29.6%


note: government coalition - Fianna Fail, the Green Party, the Progressive Democrats, and independent members of Parliament
Eksport 1 million kWh (2005)
Eksport $124.8 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 23,360 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; live animals, animal products
Eksport - partnerzy US 18.7%, UK 17.9%, Belgia 14.4%, Niemcy 7.8%, Francja 5.8%, Wlochy 4.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; similar to the flag of Cote d'Ivoire, which is shorter and has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green; also similar to the flag of Wlochy, which is shorter and has colors of green (hoist side), white, and red
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 5%


industry: 46%


services: 49% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 53 00 N, 8 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.9%


highest 10%: 27.2% (2000)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla and consumer of hashish from North Africa to the UK and Holandia and of European-produced synthetic drugs; increasing consumption of South American cocaine; minor transshipment point dla heroin and cocaine destined dla Western Europe; despite recent legislation, narcotics-related money laundering - using bureaux de change, trusts, and shell companies involving the offshore financial community - remains a concern
Import 2.045 billion kWh (2005)
Import $90.35 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 3.348 billion cu m (2005)
Import 204,400 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, clothing
Import - partnerzy UK 37.5%, US 11.5%, Niemcy 9.6%, Holandia 4.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 6 grudzien 1921 (from UK by treaty)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5% (2006 est.)
Przemysl steel, lead, zinc, silver, aluminum, barite, and gypsum mining processing; food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals; machinery, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, ship construction and refurbishment; glass and crystal; software, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 5.22 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 5.72 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 4.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4.7% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB (nonregional members), Australia Group, BIS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (observer), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet)
Sila robocza 2.21 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 6%


industry: 27%


services: 67% (2006 est.)
Granica total: 360 km


border countries: UK 360 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.82%


permanent crops: 0.03%


other: 83.15% (2005)
Jezyki English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly w areas located along the western seaboard
System prawny based on English common law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts w Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament or Oireachtas consists of the Senate or Seanad Eireann (60 seats; 49 members elected by the universities and from candidates put forward by five vocational panels, 11 are nominated by the prime minister; to serve five-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Dail Eireann (166 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)


elections: Senate - last held NA lipiec 2007 (next to be held by lipiec 2012); House of Representatives - last held 24 maj 2007 (next to be held by maj 2012)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Fianna Fail 28, Fine Gael 14, Labor Party 6, Progressive Democrats 2, Green Party 2, Sein Fein 1, independents 7; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - Fianna Fail 41.6%, Fine Gael 27.3%, Labor Party 10.1%, Sinn Fein 6.9%, Green Party 4.7%, Progressive Democrats 2.7%, other 6.7%; seats by party - Fianna Fail 78, Fine Gael 51, Labor Party 20, Sinn Fein 4, Green Party 6, Progressive Democrats 2, other 5
Zywotnosc total population: 77.9 years


male: 75.27 years


female: 80.7 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99%


male: 99%


female: 99% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Irlandia w the North Ocean Atlantycki, west of Great Britain
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 27 ships (1000 GRT or over) 116,091 GRT/161,808 DWT


by type: cargo 23, chemical tanker 2, container 1, roll on/roll off 1


foreign-owned: 3 (Hiszpania 1, US 2)


registered w other countries: 18 (Bahamas 2, Bermudy 1, Bulgaria 1, Cypr 1, Niemcy 1, Wyspa Man 1, Holandia 9, Panama 1, UK 1, unknown 1) (2007)
Wojsko Irish Defense Forces (Oglaigh na h-Eireann): Army (includes Naval Service and Air Corps) (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.9% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Saint Patrick's Day, 17 marzec
Narodowosc noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)


adjective: Irish
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite
Wspolczynnik migracji 4.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,855 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Fianna Fail [Bertie AHERN]; Fine Gael [Enda KENNY]; Green Party [John GORMLEY]; Labor Party [Eamon GILMORE]; Progressive Democrats [Mary HARNEY, acting leader]; Sinn Fein [Gerry ADAMS]; Socialist Party [Joe HIGGINS]; The Workers' Party [Sean GARLAND]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,109,086 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 7% (2005 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.143% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 9, FM 106, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 3,237 km


broad gauge: 1,872 km 1.600-m gauge (37 km electrified)


narrow gauge: 1,365 km 0.914-m gauge (operated by the Irish Peat Board to transport peat to power stations and briquetting plants) (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 88.4%, Church of Irlandia 3%, other Christian 1.6%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2%, none 3.5% (2002 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.002 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.797 male(s)/female


total population: 0.989 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern digital system using cable and microwave radio relay


domestic: microwave radio relay


international: country code - 353; landing point dla the Hibernia-Atlantic submarine cable z links to the US, Kanada, and UK; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2.097 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 4.69 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 4 (many repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.86 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 5% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 956 km (pleasure craft only) (2007)
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