Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Ireland (2001)

Ireland - select year:
IrelandIreland (2002) (compare)
IrelandIreland (2003) (compare)
IrelandIreland (2004) (compare)
IrelandIreland (2005) (compare)
IrelandIreland (2006) (compare)
IrelandIreland (2007) (compare)
IrelandIreland (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Ireland 2001 year

Administrative divisions 26 counties; Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow
Age structure 0-14 years:
21.57% (male 425,328; female 403,204)

15-64 years:
67.08% (male 1,290,002; female 1,286,312)

65 years and over:
11.35% (male 188,868; female 247,124) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products turnips, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, wheat; beef, dairy products
Airports 44 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
7 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
25 (2000 est.)
Area total:
70,280 sq km

68,890 sq km

1,390 sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than West Virginia
Background A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for the 26 southern counties; the six northern counties (Ulster) remained part of Great Britain. In 1948 Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland, approved in 1998, was implemented the following year.
Birth rate 14.57 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$25.7 billion

$19.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $2 billion (2000)
Capital Dublin
Climate temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time
Coastline 1,448 km
Constitution 29 December 1937; adopted 1 July 1937 by plebiscite
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Currency Irish pound (IEP); euro (EUR)

on 1 January 1999, the EU introduced the euro as a common currency that is now being used by financial institutions in Ireland at a fixed rate of 0.787564 Irish pounds per euro and will replace the local currency for all transactions in 2002
Death rate 8.07 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $11 billion (1998)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Michael J. SULLIVAN

42 Elgin Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4

mailing address:
use embassy street address

[353] (1) 668-7122/668-8777

[353] (1) 668-9946
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Sean O'HUIGINN

2234 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

[1] (202) 462-3939

[1] (202) 232-5993

consulate(s) general:
Boston, Chicago, New York, and San Francisco
Disputes - international Northern Ireland issue with the UK (historic peace agreement signed 10 April 1998); disputes with Iceland, Denmark, and the UK over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM
Economic aid - donor ODA, $245 million (2000)
Economy - overview Ireland is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy with growth averaging a robust 9% in 1995-2000. Agriculture, once the most important sector, is now dwarfed by industry, which accounts for 38% of GDP and about 80% of exports and employs 28% of the labor force. Although exports remain the primary engine for Ireland's robust growth, the economy is also benefiting from a rise in consumer spending and recovery in both construction and business investment. Over the past decade, the Irish government has implemented a series of national economic programs designed to curb inflation, reduce government spending, increase labor force skills, and promote foreign investment. Ireland joined in launching the euro currency system in January 1999 along with 10 other EU nations. The Irish economy is in danger of overheating, with the tight labor market driving up wage demands and inflation.
Electricity - consumption 18.414 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 50 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 290 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 19.542 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



1.35% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Carrauntoohil 1,041 m
Environment - current issues water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff
Environment - international agreements party to:
Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation
Ethnic groups Celtic, English
Exchange rates Irish pounds per US dollar - 1.0658 (January 2001), 1.0823 (2000), 0.9374 (1999), 0.7014 (1998), 0.6588 (1997), 0.6248 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 November 1997)

head of government:
Prime Minister Bertie AHERN (since 26 June 1997)

Cabinet appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the House of Representatives

president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 31 October 1997 (next to be held NA November 2004); prime minister nominated by the House of Representatives and appointed by the president

election results:
Mary MCALEESE elected president; percent of vote - Mary MCALEESE 44.8%, Mary BANOTTI 29.6%

government coalition - Fianna Fail and the Progressive Democrats
Exports 50 million kWh (1999)
Exports $73.5 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Exports - commodities machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; live animals, animal products
Exports - partners EU 59% (UK 19%, Germany 9%, France 7%), US 20% (2000)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; similar to the flag of Cote d'Ivoire, which is shorter and has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter and has colors of green (hoist side), white, and red
GDP purchasing power parity - $81.9 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


58% (1999)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $21,600 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 9.9% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 53 00 N, 8 00 W
Geography - note strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 97 km of Dublin
Highways total:
92,500 km

87,043 km (including 115 km of expressways)

5,457 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
27.3% (1997)
Illicit drugs transshipment point for and consumer of hashish from North Africa to the UK and Netherlands and of European-produced synthetic drugs; minor transshipment point for heroin and cocaine destined for Western Europe
Imports 290 million kWh (1999)
Imports $45.7 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Imports - commodities data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals; petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, clothing
Imports - partners EU 54% (UK 29%, Germany 6%, France 5%), US 18%, Japan 5%, Singapore 4% (2000)
Independence 6 December 1921 (from UK by treaty)
Industrial production growth rate 14% (2000 est.)
Industries food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals, machinery, transportation equipment, glass and crystal; software
Infant mortality rate 5.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.6% (2000)
International organization participation Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNTAET, UNTSO, UPU, WEU (observer), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 22 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court (judges appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet)
Labor force 1.82 million (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation services 64%, industry 28%, agriculture 8% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries total:
360 km

border countries:
UK 360 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

14% (1993 est.)
Languages English is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard
Legal system based on English common law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Oireachtas consists of the Senate or Seanad Eireann (60 seats - 49 elected by the universities and from candidates put forward by five vocational panels, 11 are nominated by the prime minister; members serve five-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Dail Eireann (166 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)

Senate - last held NA August 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); House of Representatives - last held 6 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

election results:
Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Fianna Fail 29, Fine Gael 16, Labor Party 4, Progressive Democrats 4, others 7; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Fianna Fail 76, Fine Gael 53, Labor Party 19, Progressive Democrats 4, Democratic Left 4, Green Alliance 2, Sinn Fein 1, independents 7; note - seats by party in the House of Representatives as of 1 January 2001 were as follows: Fianna Fail 76, Fine Gael 54, Labor Party 21, Progressive Democrats 4, Green Alliance 2, Socialist Party 1, Sinn Fein 1, independents 7
Life expectancy at birth total population:
76.99 years

74.23 years

79.93 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
98% (1981 est.)


Location Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain
Map references Europe
Maritime claims continental shelf:
not specified

exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
29 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 115,554 GRT/135,391 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 4, cargo 22, container 2, short-sea passenger 1 (2000 est.)
Military branches Army (includes Naval Service and Air Corps), National Police (Garda Siochana)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $738 million (2001 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 0.75% (2001 est.)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
1,004,469 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
809,808 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - military age 17 years of age
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males:
32,287 (2001 est.)
National holiday Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March
Nationality noun:
Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)

Natural hazards NA
Natural resources zinc, lead, natural gas, barite, copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite, peat, silver
Net migration rate 4.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Pipelines natural gas 7,592 km (transmission 1,158 km; distribution 6,434 km) (2000)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Left [Proinsias DE ROSSA]; Fianna Fail [Bertie AHERN]; Fine Gael [Michael NOONAN]; Green Party [Mary BOWERS]; Labor Party [Ruairi QUINN]; Progressive Democrats [Mary HARNEY]; Sinn Fein [Gerry ADAMS]; Socialist Party [Joe HIGGINS]; The Workers' Party [Tom FRENCH]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 3,840,838 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line 10% (1997 est.)
Population growth rate 1.12% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Arklow, Cork, Drogheda, Dublin, Foynes, Galway, Limerick, New Ross, Waterford
Radio broadcast stations AM 9, FM 106, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 2.55 million (1997)
Railways total:
1,947 km

broad gauge:
1,947 km 1.600-m gauge (38 km electrified; 485 km double track) (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic 91.6%, Church of Ireland 2.5%, other 5.9% (1998)
Sex ratio at birth:
1.07 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.76 male(s)/female

total population:
0.98 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
modern digital system using cable and microwave radio relay

microwave radio relay

satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 1.59 million (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 2 million (2001)
Television broadcast stations 4 (many low-power repeaters) (2001)
Terrain mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast
Total fertility rate 1.9 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 4.1% (2000)
Waterways 700 km (limited facilities for commercial traffic) (1998)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.