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Holandia (2008)

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Holandia 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 12 provinces (provincies, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland (Fryslan), Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant (North Brabant), Noord-Holland (North Holland), Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland (South Holland)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 17.8% (male 1,505,931/female 1,436,532)

15-64 years: 67.8% (male 5,683,877/female 5,557,745)

65 years and over: 14.4% (male 1,015,731/female 1,370,797) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Lotniska 27 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 20

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 9

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 7

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 4 (2007)
Terytorium total: 41,526 sq km

land: 33,883 sq km

water: 7,643 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Tlo historyczne The Dutch United Provinces declared their independence from Hiszpania w 1579; during the 17th century, they became a leading seafaring and commercial power, z settlements and colonies around the world. After a 20-year French occupation, a Kingdom of the Holandia was formed w 1815. In 1830 Belgia seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Holandia remained neutral w Swiat War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Niemcy w Swiat War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Holandia is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated w the introduction of the euro w 1999.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.7 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $302.8 billion

expenditures: $352.3 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Amsterdam

geographic coordinates: 52 23 N, 4 54 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik

note: The Hague (seat of government)
Klimat temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Linia brzegowa 451 km
Konstytucja adopted 1815; amended many times, most recently w 2002
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of the Holandia

conventional short form: Holandia

local long form: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

local short form: Nederland
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.69 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.277 trillion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Zalezne tereny Aruba, Antyle Holenderskie
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Michael GALLAGHER

embassy: Lange Voorhout 102, 2514 EJ, The Hague

mailing address: PSC 71, Box 1000, APO AE 09715

telephone: [31] (70) 310-2209

FAX: [31] (70) 361-4688

consulate(s) general: Amsterdam
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Christiaan Mark Johan KROENER

chancery: 4200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 244-5300, [1] 877-388-2443

FAX: [1] (202) 362-3430

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $4 billion (2003 est.)
Ekonomia The Holandia has a prosperous and open economy, which depends heavily on foreign trade. The economy is noted dla stable industrial relations, moderate unemployment and inflation, a sizable current account surplus, and an important role as a European transportation hub. Industrial activity is predominantly w food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs no more than 3% of the labor force but provides large surpluses dla the food-processing industry and dla exports. The Holandia, along z 11 of its EU partners, began circulating the euro currency on 1 styczen 2002. The country continues to be one of the leading European nations dla attracting foreign direct investment and is one of the five largest investors w the US. The economy experienced a slowdown w 2005 but w 2006 recovered to the fastest pace w six years on the back of increased exports and strong investment. The pace of job growth reached 10-year highs w 2007.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 108.2 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 5.398 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 23.69 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 94.34 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m

highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution w the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Grupy etniczne Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamse, and Indonezjans) (1999 est.)
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen BEATRIX (since 30 kwiecien 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 kwiecien 1967), son of the monarch

head of government: Prime Minister Jan Peter BALKENENDE (since 22 lipiec 2002); Deputy Prime Ministers Wouter BOS (since 22 luty 2007) and Andre ROUVOET (since 22 luty 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch

note: there is also a Council of State composed of the monarch, heir apparent, and councilors that provides consultations to the cabinet on legislative and administrative policy
Eksport 5.398 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $465.3 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 50.21 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 1.546 million bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 25.5%, Belgia 14%, UK 8.9%, Francja 8.6%, Wlochy 5.1%, US 4.5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luksemburg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer; one of the oldest flags w constant use, originating z WILLIAM I, Prince of Orange, w the latter half of the 16th century
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.2%

industry: 24%

services: 73.8% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 52 30 N, 5 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.5%

highest 10%: 22.9% (1999)
Narkotyki major European producer of synthetic drugs, including ecstasy, and cannabis cultivator; important gateway dla cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering; significant consumer of ecstasy
Import 23.69 billion kWh (2005)
Import $402.4 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 22.08 billion cu m (2005)
Import 2.465 million bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 17.1%, Belgia 9.4%, Chiny 9.4%, US 7.8%, UK 5.9%, Rosja 5.1%, Francja 4.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 23 styczen 1579 (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking z Hiszpania; on 26 lipiec 1581 they formally declared their independence z an Act of Abjuration; however, it was not until 30 styczen 1648 and the Peace of Westphalia that Hiszpania recognized this independence)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.88 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.43 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CBSS (observer), CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, SECI (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 5,650 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Hoge Raad (justices are nominated dla life by the monarch)
Sila robocza 7.5 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 3%

industry: 21%

services: 76% (2005 est.)
Granica total: 1,027 km

border countries: Belgia 450 km, Niemcy 577 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 21.96%

permanent crops: 0.77%

other: 77.27% (2005)
Jezyki Dutch (official), Frisian (official)
System prawny based on civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral States General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils to serve four-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: First Chamber - last held 29 maj 2007 (next to be held w maj 2011); Second Chamber - last held 22 listopad 2006 (next to be held by early 2011)

election results: First Chamber - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDA 21, PvdA 14, VVD 14, Socialist Party 11, Christian Union 4, Green Left Party 4, D66 2, other 5; Second Chamber - percent of vote by party - CDA 26.5%, PvdA 21.2%, Socialist Party 16.6%, VVD 14.6%, Party dla Freedom 5.9%, Green Party 4.6%, Christian Union 4.0%, other 6.6%; seats by party - CDA 41, PvdA 33, Socialist Party 25, VVD 22, Party dla Freedom 9, Green Party 7, Christian Union 6, other 7
Zywotnosc total population: 79.11 years

male: 76.52 years

female: 81.82 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgia and Niemcy
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 566 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,210,664 GRT/5,217,874 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 9, cargo 346, carrier 19, chemical tanker 39, container 63, liquefied gas 13, passenger 14, passenger/cargo 16, petroleum tanker 12, refrigerated cargo 11, roll on/roll off 20, specialized tanker 4

foreign-owned: 172 (Belgia 2, Dania 19, Finlandia 14, Francja 1, Niemcy 70, Irlandia 9, South Korea 1, Norwegia 9, Szwecja 27, UK 7, US 13)

registered w other countries: 220 (Antigua i Barbuda 19, Australia 2, Austria 2, Bahamas 24, Kanada 1, Cypr 23, Gibraltar 11, Wyspa Man 1, Liberia 28, Luksemburg 1, Malta 3, Wyspy Marshalla 5, Antyle Holenderskie 53, Norwegia 1, Panama 14, Paragwaj 1, Filipiny 22, Portugalia 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 5, UK 2, US 1, unknown 1) (2007)
Wojsko Royal Holandia Army, Royal Holandia Navy (includes Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Holandia Air Force (Koninklijke Luchtmacht, KLu), Royal Military Police, Defense Interservice Command (DICO) (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.6% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX), 30 kwiecien (1909 and 1980)
Narodowosc noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)

adjective: Dutch
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding
Surowce naturalne natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 81 km; gas 7,394 km; oil 578 km; refined products 716 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Jan Peter BALKENENDE]; Christian Union Party [Andre ROUVOET]; Democrats 66 or D66 [Alexander PECHTOLD]; Green Left Party [Femke HALSEMA]; Labor Party or PvdA [Wouter BOS]; Party dla Freedom or PVV [Geert WILDERS]; Party dla the Animals or PvdD [Marianne THIEME]; People's Party dla Freedom and Democracy (Liberal) or VVD [Mark RUTTE]; Reformed Political Party of SGP [Bas VAN DER VLIES]; Socialist Party [Jan MARIJNISSEN]; plus a few minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Christian Trade Union Federation or CNV [Rene PAAS]; Confederation of Holandia Industry and Employers or VNO-NCW [Bernard WIENTJES]; Federation dla Small and Medium-sized businesses or MBK [Loek HERMANS]; Holandia Trade Union Federation or FNV [Agnes JONGERIUS]; Social Economic Council or SER [ Alexander RINNOOY Kan]; Trade Union Federation of Middle and High Personnel or MHP [Ad VERHOEVEN]
Ludnosc 16,570,613 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 10.5% (2005)
Przyrost naturalny 0.464% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 246, shortwave 3 (2004)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,811 km

standard gauge: 2,811 km 1.435-m gauge (2,064 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 31%, Dutch Reformed 13%, Calvinist 7%, Muslim 5.5%, other 2.5%, none 41% (2002)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.048 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.023 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.741 male(s)/female

total population: 0.981 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed and well maintained

domestic: extensive fixed-line fiber-optic network; cellular telephone system is one of the largest w Europe z 5 major network operators utilizing the third generation of the Global System dla Mobile Communications (GSM)

international: country code - 31; submarine cables provide links to the US and Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 2 Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions) (2004)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 7.6 million (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 15.834 million (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 21 (plus 26 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.66 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 4.5% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 6,183 km (navigable dla ships of 50 tons) (2005)
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