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Guadeloupe (2006)

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Guadeloupe 2006 year

Administrative divisions none (overseas department of France)
Age structure 0-14 years: 23.6% (male 54,725/female 52,348)

15-64 years: 67.1% (male 150,934/female 153,094)

65 years and over: 9.2% (male 17,353/female 24,322) (2006 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, sugarcane, tropical fruits and vegetables; cattle, pigs, goats
Airports 9 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways total: 8

over 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 2

under 914 m: 5 (2006)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2006)
Area total: 1,780 sq km

land: 1,706 sq km

water: 74 sq km

note: Guadeloupe is an archipelago of nine inhabited islands, including Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Desirade, Iles des Saintes (2), Saint-Barthelemy, Iles de la Petite Terre, and Saint-Martin (French part of the island of Saint Martin)
Area - comparative 10 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint Martin is shared with the Netherlands; its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles and its northern portion is named Saint-Martin and is part of Guadeloupe
Birth rate 15.05 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budget revenues: $637.7 million

expenditures: $680.1 million; including capital expenditures of $112.5 million (2002)
Capital name: Basse-Terre

geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 61 44 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity
Coastline 306 km
Constitution 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe

conventional short form: Guadeloupe

local long form: Departement de la Guadeloupe

local short form: Guadeloupe
Death rate 6.09 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas department of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas department of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA; note - substantial annual French subsidies (2004)
Economy - overview This Caribbean economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry, and services. It also depends on France for large subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US; an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands. The traditional sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food, mainly from France. Light industry features sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young. Hurricanes periodically devastate the economy.
Electricity - consumption 1.084 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - production 1.165 billion kWh (2003)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Soufriere 1,484 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 j(2001)
Executive branch chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Jean-Jacques BROT (since 12 June 2006)

head of government: President of the General Council Jacques GILLOT (since 26 March 2001); President of the Regional Council Victorin LUREL (since 2 April 2004)

cabinet: NA

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils

election results: NA
Exports 0 kWh (2003)
Exports $147.8 million f.o.b. (2002)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities bananas, sugar, rum, melons, spring water
Exports - partners France 60%, Martinique 18%, US 4% (2004)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description unofficial, local flag based upon the arms of the city of Pointe-a-Pitre; the field is divided horizontally with a narrow, blue stripe along the top edge charged with three gold fleurs-de-lis; the wider, lower portion of the field is black and charged with green sugar cane leaves - representing one of Guadeloupe's main crops - surmounted by a gold radiant sun representing the tropical climate; the only official flag is the national flag of France
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 15%

industry: 17%

services: 68% (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 16 15 N, 61 35 W
Geography - note a narrow channel, the Riviere Salee, divides Guadeloupe proper into two islands: the larger, western Basse-Terre and the smaller, eastern Grande-Terre
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2003)
Imports $1.766 billion c.i.f. (2002)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, fuels, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials
Imports - partners France 63%, Germany 4%, US 3%, Japan 2%, Netherlands Antilles 2% (2004)
Independence none (overseas department of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism
Infant mortality rate total: 8.41 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.59 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation UPU, WCL, WFTU
Irrigated land 60 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel with jurisdiction over Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique
Labor force 191,400 (1999)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 15%

industry: 20%

services: 65% (2002)
Land boundaries total: 15 km

border countries: Netherlands Antilles (Sint Maarten) 15 km
Land use arable land: 11.7%

permanent crops: 2.92%

other: 85.38% (2005)
Languages French (official) 99%, Creole patois
Legal system French legal system
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (42 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and the unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections: General Council - last held March 2004 (next to be held by in 2010); Regional Council - last held 28 March 2004 (next to be held in March 2008 to elect half of the body)

election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - left-wing candidates 11, PS 8, RPR 8, PPDG 6, right-wing candidates 5, PCG 3, UDF 1; Regional Council (second round) - percent of vote by party - PS 58.4%, UMP 41.6%; seats by party - PS 29, UMP 12

note: Guadeloupe elects two representatives to the French Senate; elections last held September 2004 (next to be held September 2013); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA, Guadeloupe elects four representatives to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held June 2007); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 2, PS 1, different right parties 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.06 years

male: 74.91 years

female: 81.37 years (2006 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 90%

male: 90%

female: 90% (1982 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches no regular military forces
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: Guadeloupian(s)

adjective: Guadeloupe
Natural hazards hurricanes (June to October); Soufriere de Guadeloupe is an active volcano
Natural resources cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster tourism
Net migration rate -0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Political parties and leaders Communist Party of Guadeloupe or PCG [Mona CADOCE]; FGPS [Dominique LARIFLA]; Left Radical Party or PRG [Flavien FERRANT]; Progressive Democratic Party or PPDG [Henri BANGOU]; Socialist Party or PS [Jules OTTO]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Claudine LACAVE]; Union for a Popular Movement or UMP (including Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR) [Gabrielle LOUIS-CARABIN]
Political pressure groups and leaders Christian Movement for the Liberation of Guadeloupe or KLPG; General Federation of Guadeloupe Workers or CGT-G; General Union of Guadeloupe Workers or UGTG; Movement for Independent Guadeloupe or MPGI; The Socialist Renewal Movement
Population 452,776 (July 2006 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.88% (2006 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 17, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 4%, Protestant 1%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: domestic facilities inadequate

domestic: NA

international: country code - 590; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay to Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and Martinique
Telephones - main lines in use 210,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 314,700 (2004)
Television broadcast stations 5 (plus several low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin
Total fertility rate 1.9 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate 26.9% (2003)
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