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Guadeloupe (2001)

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Guadeloupe 2001 year

Administrative divisions none (overseas department of France)
Age structure 0-14 years:
24.99% (male 55,030; female 52,722)

15-64 years:
66.22% (male 141,294; female 144,232)

65 years and over:
8.79% (male 15,901; female 21,991) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, sugarcane, tropical fruits and vegetables; cattle, pigs, goats
Airports 9 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
5 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
1,780 sq km

1,706 sq km

74 sq km

Guadeloupe is an archipelago of nine inhabited islands, including Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Desirade, Iles des Saintes (2), Saint-Barthelemy, Iles de la Petite Terre, and Saint-Martin (French part of the island of Saint Martin
Area - comparative 10 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint-Martin is divided with the Netherlands (whose southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles).
Birth rate 16.91 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$225 million

$390 million, including capital expenditures of $105 million (1996)
Capital Basse-Terre
Climate subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity
Coastline 306 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form:
Department of Guadeloupe

conventional short form:

local long form:
Departement de la Guadeloupe

local short form:
Currency French franc (FRF); euro (EUR)
Death rate 6.02 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas department of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas department of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA; note - substantial annual French subsidies
Economy - overview The economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry, and services. It also depends on France for large subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US; an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands. The traditional sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food, mainly from France. Light industry features sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young. Hurricanes periodically devastate the economy.
Electricity - consumption 1.209 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 1.3 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Soufriere 1,467 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
Exchange rates Euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997), 5.1155 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Jean FEDINI (since NA 1996)

head of government:
President of the General Council Marcellin LUBETH (since NA March 1998); President of the Regional Council Lucette MICHAUX-CHEVRY (since 22 March 1992)


French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils

election results:
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $140 million (f.o.b., 1997)
Exports - commodities bananas, sugar, rum
Exports - partners France 60%, Martinique 18%, US 4% (1997)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three horizontal bands, a narrow green band (top), a wide red band, and a narrow green band; the green bands are separated from the red band by two narrow white stripes; a gold five-pointed star is centered in the red band toward the hoist side; the flag of France is used for official occasions
GDP purchasing power parity - $3.7 billion (1997 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


68% (1997 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $9,000 (1997 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 16 15 N, 61 35 W
Highways total:
2,560 km

965 km

1,595 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $1.7 billion (c.i.f., 1997)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, fuels, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials
Imports - partners France 63%, Germany 4%, US 3%, Japan 2%, Netherlands Antilles 2% (1997)
Independence none (overseas department of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism
Infant mortality rate 9.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA
International organization participation FZ, WCL, WFTU
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 3 (2000)
Irrigated land 30 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel with jurisdiction over Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique
Labor force 125,900 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation NA
Land boundaries total:
10.2 km

border countries:
Netherlands Antilles (Sint Maarten) 10.2 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

29% (1993 est.)
Languages French (official) 99%, Creole patois
Legal system French legal system
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (42 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and the unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

General Council - last held 22 March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2004); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results:
General Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - diverse left parties 11, PS 8, RPR 8, PPDG 6, diverse right parties 5, PCG 3, UDF 1; Regional Council - percent of vote by party - RPR 48.03%, PS/PPDG/diverse left parties 24.49%, PCG 5.29%, diverse right parties 5.73%; seats by party - RPR 25, PS/PPDG/diverse left parties 12, PCG 2, diverse right parties 2

Guadeloupe elects two representatives to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 1995 (next to be held NA September 2004); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 1, FGPS 1; Guadeloupe elects four representatives to the French National Assembly; elections last held 25 May - 1 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FGPS 2, RPR 1, PPDG 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
77.16 years

74.01 years

80.48 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


90% (1982 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,240 GRT/109 DWT

ships by type:
passenger 1 (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches French Forces, Gendarmerie
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards hurricanes (June to October); Soufriere is an active volcano
Natural resources cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster tourism
Net migration rate -0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Communist Party of Guadeloupe or PCG [Christian CELESTE]; Progressive Democratic Party or PPDG [Henri BANGOU]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Aldo BLAISE]; Socialist Party or PS [Georges LOUISOR]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Marcel ESDRAS]
Political pressure groups and leaders Christian Movement for the Liberation of Guadeloupe or KLPG; General Federation of Guadeloupe Workers or CGT-G; General Union of Guadeloupe Workers or UGTG; Movement for Independent Guadeloupe or MPGI
Population 431,170 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.07% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Basse-Terre, Gustavia (on Saint Barthelemy), Marigot, Pointe-a-Pitre
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 17, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 113,000 (1997)
Railways total:
NA km; privately owned, narrow-gauge plantation lines
Religions Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 4%, Protestant 1%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.72 male(s)/female

total population:
0.97 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
domestic facilities inadequate


satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay to Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and Martinique
Telephones - main lines in use 171,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 5 (plus several low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin
Total fertility rate 1.93 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 27.8% (1998)
Waterways none
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