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Guadeloupe (2004)

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Guadeloupe 2004 year

Administrative divisions none (overseas department of France)
Age structure 0-14 years: 24.4% (male 55,386; female 52,977)

15-64 years: 66.6% (male 146,772; female 149,314)

65 years and over: 9% (male 16,730; female 23,336) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, sugarcane, tropical fruits and vegetables; cattle, pigs, goats
Airports 9 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 8

over 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 2

under 914 m: 5 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 1,780 sq km

land: 1,706 sq km

water: 74 sq km

note: Guadeloupe is an archipelago of nine inhabited islands, including Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Desirade, Iles des Saintes (2), Saint-Barthelemy, Iles de la Petite Terre, and Saint-Martin (French part of the island of Saint Martin)
Area - comparative 10 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint Martin is shared with the Netherlands; its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles and its northern portion is named Saint-Martin and is part of Guadeloupe
Birth rate 15.79 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $225 million

expenditures: $390 million, including capital expenditures of $105 million (1996)
Capital Basse-Terre
Climate subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity
Coastline 306 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe

conventional short form: Guadeloupe

local long form: Departement de la Guadeloupe

local short form: Guadeloupe
Currency euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
Death rate 6.05 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external NA (yearend 2003 est.)
Dependency status overseas department of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas department of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA; note - substantial annual French subsidies (1995)
Economy - overview The Caribbean economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry, and services. It also depends on France for large subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US; an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands. The traditional sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food, mainly from France. Light industry features sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young. Hurricanes periodically devastate the economy.
Electricity - consumption 1.074 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 1.155 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Soufriere 1,484 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Paul GIROT DE LANGLADE (since 17 August 2004)

head of government: President of the General Council Jacques GILLOT (since 26 March 2001); President of the Regional Council Victorin LUREL (since 2 April 2004)

cabinet: NA

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils

election results: NA
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $140 million f.o.b. (1997)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities bananas, sugar, rum
Exports - partners France 60%, Martinique 18%, US 4% (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description the flag of France is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $3.513 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 15%

industry: 17%

services: 68% (1997 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $8,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 16 15 N, 61 35 W
Geography - note a narrow channel, the Riviere Salee, divides Guadeloupe proper into two islands: the larger, western Basse-Terre and the smaller, eastern Grande-Terre
Highways total: 2,467 km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km (1998)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $1.7 billion c.i.f. (1997)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, fuels, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials
Imports - partners France 63%, Germany 4%, US 3%, Japan 2%, Netherlands Antilles 2% (1999)
Independence none (overseas department of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism
Infant mortality rate total: 8.83 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 10.07 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA (2003 est.)
International organization participation WCL, WFTU
Irrigated land 20 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel with jurisdiction over Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique
Labor force 125,900 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation NA
Land boundaries total: 10.2 km

border countries: Netherlands Antilles (Sint Maarten) 10.2 km
Land use arable land: 11.24%

permanent crops: 3.55%

other: 85.21% (2001)
Languages French (official) 99%, Creole patois
Legal system French legal system
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (42 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and the unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections: General Council - last held 22 March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2004); Regional Council - last held 28 March 2004 (next to be held NA 2010)

election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - left-wing candidates 11, PS 8, RPR 8, PPDG 6, right-wing candidates 5, PCG 3, UDF 1; Regional Council (second round) - percent of vote by party - PS 58.4%, UMP 41.6%; seats by party - PS 29, UMP 12

note: Guadeloupe elects two representatives to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 1995 (next to be held NA September 2004); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 1, FGPS 1; Guadeloupe elects four representatives to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 2, PS 1, different right parties 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 77.71 years

male: 74.56 years

female: 81.03 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 90%

male: 90%

female: 90% (1982 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,240 GRT/109 DWT

by type: passenger 1

foreign-owned: France 1

registered in other countries: 1 (2004 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches no regular military forces
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: Guadeloupian(s)

adjective: Guadeloupe
Natural hazards hurricanes (June to October); Soufriere de Guadeloupe is an active volcano
Natural resources cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster tourism
Net migration rate -0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Communist Party of Guadeloupe or PCG [Mona CADOCE]; FGPS [Dominique LARIFLA]; Left Radical Party or PRG [Flavien FERRANT]; Progressive Democratic Party or PPDG [Henri BANGOU]; Socialist Party or PS [Marlene MELISSE and Favrot DAVRAIN]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Marcel ESDRAS]; Union for a Popular Movement or UMP [Robert JOYEUX]
Political pressure groups and leaders Christian Movement for the Liberation of Guadeloupe or KLPG; General Federation of Guadeloupe Workers or CGT-G; General Union of Guadeloupe Workers or UGTG; Movement for Independent Guadeloupe or MPGI; The Socialist Renewal Movement
Population 444,515 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0.96% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Basse-Terre, Gustavia (on Saint Barthelemy), Marigot, Pointe-a-Pitre
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 17, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 4%, Protestant 1%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: domestic facilities inadequate

domestic: NA

international: country code - 590; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay to Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and Martinique
Telephones - main lines in use 210,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 323,500 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 5 (plus several low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin
Total fertility rate 1.91 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 27.8% (1998)
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