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Fidzi (2008)

Fidzi - wybierz rok:
FidziFidzi (2001) (porownaj)
FidziFidzi (2002) (porownaj)
FidziFidzi (2003) (porownaj)
FidziFidzi (2004) (porownaj)
FidziFidzi (2005) (porownaj)
FidziFidzi (2006) (porownaj)
FidziFidzi (2007) (porownaj)

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Fidzi 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 30.9% (male 144,665/female 138,816)

15-64 years: 64.7% (male 297,709/female 296,897)

65 years and over: 4.4% (male 18,397/female 22,191) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish
Lotniska 28 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 25

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 18 (2007)
Terytorium total: 18,270 sq km

land: 18,270 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Fidzi became independent w 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups w 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indien community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British w the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fidzi, led to heavy Indien emigration; the population loss resulted w economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted w 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections w 1999 resulted w a government led by an Indo-Fidzian, but a civilian-led coup w maj 2000 ushered w a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held w sierpien 2001 provided Fidzi z a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected w maj 2006, QARASE was ousted w a grudzien 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president. In styczen 2007, BAINIMARAMA was appointed interim prime minister.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 22.37 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $720.5 million

expenditures: $728.3 million (2005)
Stolica name: Suva (on Viti Levu)

geographic coordinates: 18 08 S, 178 25 E

time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 1,129 km
Konstytucja enacted on 25 lipiec 1997 to encourage multiculturalism and make multiparty government mandatory; effective 28 lipiec 1998
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of the Fidzi Islands

conventional short form: Fidzi

local long form: Republic of the Fidzi Islands/Matanitu ko Viti

local short form: Fidzi/Viti
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.66 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $127 million (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Larry Miles DINGER

embassy: 31 Loftus Street, Suva

mailing address: P. O. Box 218, Suva

telephone: [679] 331-4466

FAX: [679] 330-0081
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Penijamini R. LOMALOMA

chancery: 2000 M Street, NW, Suite 710, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 466-8320

FAX: [1] (202) 466-8325
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $63.96 million (2005)
Ekonomia Fidzi, endowed z forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still z a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports, remittances from Fidzians working abroad, and a growing tourist industry - z 300,000 to 400,000 tourists annually - are the major sources of foreign exchange. Fidzi's sugar has special access to Unia Europejska markets, but will be harmed by the EU's decision to cut sugar subsidies. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity but is not efficient. Fidzi's tourism industry was damaged by the grudzien 2006 coup and is facing an uncertain recovery time. The coup has created a difficult business climate. Tourist arrivals dla 2007 are estimated to be down almost 6%, z substantial job losses w the service sector. In lipiec 2007 the Reserve Bank of Fidzi announced the economy was expected to contract by 3.1% w 2007. Fidzi's current account deficit reached 23% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2006. The EU has suspended all aid until the interim government takes steps toward new elections. Long-term problems include low investment, uncertain land ownership rights, and the government's inability to manage its budget. Overseas remittances from Fidzians working w Kuwejt and Irak have increased significantly.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 972.8 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.046 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Fidzian 54.8% (predominantly Melanesian z a Polynesian admixture), Indien 37.4%, other 7.9% (European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese) (2005 estimate)
Kurs waluty Fidzian dollars per US dollar - NA (2007), 1.7313 (2006), 1.691 (2005), 1.7331 (2004), 1.8958 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda (since 18 lipiec 2000); note - ILOILOVATU was reaffirmed as president by the Great Council of Chiefs w a statement issued on 22 grudzien, and reappointed by the coup leader Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA w styczen 2007

head of government: Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 wrzesien 2000); note - although QARASE is still the legal prime minister, he has been confined to his home island; the president appointed Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA interim prime minister under the military regime

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament; note - coup leader Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA has appointed an interim cabinet

elections: president elected by the Great Council of Chiefs dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); prime minister appointed by the president; election last held 8 marzec 2006

election results: Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs; percent of vote - NA
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $934 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 2,268 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil
Eksport - partnerzy US 16.8%, Australia 13.9%, UK 13.5%, Japonia 5.3%, Samoa 4.7%, Tonga 4.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi light blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fidzian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8.9%

industry: 13.5%

services: 77.6% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -3.1% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 18 00 S, 175 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne includes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $1.595 billion c.i.f. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 10,870 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Singapur 28.8%, Australia 23.3%, NZ 16.8%, Chiny 4.7% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 10 pazdziernik 1970 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 11.99 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 10.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2005)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, C (suspended), CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNMIT, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); Court of Appeal; High Court; Magistrates' Courts
Sila robocza 137,000 (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 70%

industry and services: 30% (2001 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 10.95%

permanent crops: 4.65%

other: 84.4% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), Fidzian (official), Hindustani
System prawny based on British system
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (32 seats; 14 appointed by the president on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs, 9 appointed by the president on the advice of the Prime Minister, 8 on the advice of the Opposition Leader, and 1 appointed on the advice of the council of Rotuma) and the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 reserved dla ethnic Fidzians, 19 reserved dla ethnic Indiens, 3 reserved dla other ethnic groups, 1 reserved dla the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole of Fidzi, and 25 open seats; members serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held 6-13 maj 2006 (next to be held w 2011)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - SDL 44.6%, FLP 39.2%, UPP 0.8%, independents 4.9%, other 10.5%; seats by party - SDL 36, FLP 31, UPP 2, independents 2
Zywotnosc total population: 70.12 years

male: 67.6 years

female: 72.76 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 93.7%

male: 95.5%

female: 91.9% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group w the South Ocean Spokojny, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to Nowa Zelandia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
Flota handlowa total: 8 ships (1000 GRT or over) 17,376 GRT/8,788 DWT

by type: passenger 3, passenger/cargo 3, roll on/roll off 2

foreign-owned: 1 (Australia 1) (2007)
Wojsko Republic of Fidzi Military Forces (RFMF): Land Forces, Naval Forces (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.2% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, second Monday of pazdziernik (1970)
Narodowosc noun: Fidzian(s)

adjective: Fidzian
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclonic storms can occur from listopad to styczen
Surowce naturalne timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Dodonu Ni Taukei Party or DNT [Fereti S. DEWA]; Fidzi Democratic Party or FDP [Filipe BOLE] (a merger of the Christian Democrat Alliance or VLV [Poesci Waqalevu BUNE], Fidzian Association Party or FAP, Fidzian Political Party or SVT (primarily Fidzian) [Sitiveni RABUKA], and New Labor Unity Party or NLUP [Ofa SWANN]); Fidzi Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY]; General Voters Party or GVP (became part of United General Party); Girmit Heritage Party or GHP; Justice and Freedom Party or AIM; Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party or LFR; National Federation Party or NFP (primarily Indien) [Pramond RAE]; Nationalist Vanua Takolavo Party or NVTLP [Saula TELAWA]; Party of National Unity or PANU [Ponipate LESAVUA]; Party of the Truth or POTT; United Fidzi Party/Sogosogo Duavata ni Lewenivanua or SDL [Laisenia QARASE]; United Peoples Party or UPP [Millis Mick BEDDOES]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 918,675 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 25.5% (FY90/91)
Przyrost naturalny 1.394% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 13, FM 40, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 597 km

narrow gauge: 597 km 0.600-m gauge

note: belongs to the government-owned Fidzi Sugar Corporation; used to haul sugarcane during harvest season (maj to grudzien) (2006)
Religie Christian 53% (Methodist 34.5%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Assembly of God 3.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 2.6%, other 4.9%), Hindu 34% (Sanatan 25%, Arya Samaj 1.2%, other 7.8%), Muslim 7% (Sunni 4.2%. other 2.8%), other or unspecified 5.6%, none 0.3% (1996 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.042 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.003 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.829 male(s)/female

total population: 1.006 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center

domestic: telephone or radio telephone links to almost all inhabited islands; most towns and large villages have automatic telephone exchanges and direct dialing; combined fixed and mobile-cellular density is about 35 per 100 persons

international: country code - 679; access to important cable links between US and Kanada as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth stations - 2 Inmarsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 112,500 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 205,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.7 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.6% (1999)
Drogi wodne 203 km

note: 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges (2006)
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