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Bermudy (2008)

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Bermudy 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 9 parishes and 2 municipalities*; Devonshire, Hamilton, Hamilton*, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George*, Saint George's, Sandys, Smith's, Southampton, Warwick
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.3% (male 6,094/female 6,014)

15-64 years: 69.2% (male 22,696/female 23,094)

65 years and over: 12.5% (male 3,597/female 4,668) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products, honey
Lotniska 1 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 53.3 sq km

land: 53.3 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about one-third the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Bermudy was first settled w 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed dla Virginia. Tourism to the island to escape North American winters first developed w Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it w recent years. Bermudy has developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. Although a referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated w 1995, the present government has reopened debate on the issue.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 11.26 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $738 million

expenditures: $665 million (FY04/05)
Stolica name: Hamilton

geographic coordinates: 32 17 N, 64 47 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday w marzec; ends first Sunday w listopad
Klimat subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common w winter
Linia brzegowa 103 km
Konstytucja 8 czerwiec 1968; amended 1989 and 2003
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Bermudy

former: Somers Islands
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.84 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $160 million (FY99/00)
Podleglosc overseas territory of the UK
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Consul General Gregory W. SLAYTON

consulate(s) general: Crown Hill, 16 Middle Road, Devonshire DVO3

mailing address: P. O. Box HM325, Hamilton HMBX; American Consulate General Hamilton, US Department of State, 5300 Hamilton Place, Washington, DC 20520-5300

telephone: [1] (441) 295-1342

FAX: [1] (441) 295-1592, [1] (441) 296-9233
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $90,000 (2004)
Ekonomia Bermudy enjoys the highest per capita income w the world, more than 50% higher than that of the US. Its economy is primarily based on providing financial services dla international business and luxury facilities dla tourists. A number of reinsurance companies relocated to the island following the 11 wrzesien 2001 attacks and again after Hurricane Katrina w sierpien 2005, contributing to the expansion of an already robust international business sector. Bermudy's tourism industry - which derives over 80% of its visitors from the US - continues to struggle but remains the island's number two industry. Most capital equipment and food must be imported. Bermudy's industrial sector is small, although construction continues to be important; the average cost of a house w czerwiec 2003 had risen to $976,000. Agriculture is limited z only 20% of the land being arable.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 574.8 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 618 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Town Hill 76 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy sustainable development
Grupy etniczne black 54.8%, white 34.1%, mixed 6.4%, other races 4.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty Bermudian dollar per US dollar - 1.0000 (fixed rate pegged to the US dollar)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor Sir Richard GOZNEY (since 12 grudzien 2007)

head of government: Premier Ewart BROWN (since 30 pazdziernik 2006); Deputy Premier Paula COX

cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed premier by the governor
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $763 million (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2005)
Eksport - towary reexports of pharmaceuticals
Eksport - partnerzy Hiszpania 35.3%, UK 15.7%, Brazylia 9.1%, Szwecja 7.5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi red, z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Bermudian coat of arms (white and green shield z a red lion holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture off Bermudy w 1609) centered on the outer half of the flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1%

industry: 10%

services: 89% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.6% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 32 20 N, 64 45 W
Polozenie geograficzne consists of about 138 coral islands and islets z ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; some land was leased by US Government from 1941 to 1995
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $1.162 billion (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 4,250 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary clothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals
Import - partnerzy US 71.8%, Wenezuela 6.9%, Kanada 6.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas territory of the UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl international business, tourism, light manufacturing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 8.08 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.58 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.8% (listopad 2005)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Caricom (associate), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, ITUC, UPU, WCO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Magistrate Courts
Sila robocza 38,360 (2004)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture and fishing 3%, laborers 17%, clerical 19%, professional and technical 21%, administrative and managerial 15%, sales 7%, services 19% (2004 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 20%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 80% (55% developed, 45% rural/open space) (2005)
Jezyki English (official), Portuguese
System prawny English law
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; members appointed by the governor, the premier, and the opposition) and the House of Assembly (36 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve up to five-year terms)

elections: last general election held 18 grudzien 2007 (next to be held not later than 2012)

election results: percent of vote by party - PLP 52.5%, UBP 47.3%; seats by party - PLP 22, UBP 14
Zywotnosc total population: 78.13 years

male: 76 years

female: 80.29 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 98%

male: 98%

female: 99% (2005 est.)
Lokalizacja North America, group of islands w the North Ocean Atlantycki, east of South Carolina (US)
Lokalizacja na mapie North America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 133 ships (1000 GRT or over) 8,366,999 GRT/8,615,385 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 24, container 22, liquefied gas 30, passenger 23, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 15, refrigerated cargo 10, roll on/roll off 4

foreign-owned: 126 (Australia 4, Belgia 3, Chiny 10, Francja 1, Niemcy 21, Grecja 3, Hong Kong 4, Irlandia 1, Izrael 3, Japonia 1, Nigeria 11, Norwegia 5, Singapur 1, Szwecja 15, UK 20, US 23)

registered w other countries: 50 (Bahamas 12, Chorwacja 2, Wyspy Marshalla 5, Filipiny 31) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the UK
Wojsko no regular military forces; Bermudy Police Service, Bermudy Reserve Constabulary, Bermudy Regiment
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.11% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Bermudy Day, 24 maj
Narodowosc noun: Bermudian(s)

adjective: Bermudian
Naturalne zagrozenia hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad)
Surowce naturalne limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Progressive Labor Party or PLP [Ewart BROWN]; United Bermudy Party or UBP [Wayne FURBERT]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Bermudy Employer's Union [Eddie SAINTS]; Bermudy Industrial Union or BIU [Derrick BURGESS]; Bermudy Public Services Union or BPSU [Ed BALL]; Bermudy Union of Teachers [Michael CHARLES]
Ludnosc 66,163 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 19% (2000)
Przyrost naturalny 0.576% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2005)
Religie Anglican 23%, Roman Catholic 15%, African Methodist Episcopal 11%, other Protestant 18%, other 12%, unaffiliated 6%, unspecified 1%, none 14% (2000 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.013 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.983 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.771 male(s)/female

total population: 0.959 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: good

domestic: fully automatic digital telephone system; fiber-optic trunk lines

international: country code - 1-441; landing point dla the Atlantica-1 telecommunications submarine cable that extends from the US to Brazylia; satellite earth stations - 3 (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 57,700 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 60,100 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu low hills separated by fertile depressions
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.88 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.1% (2004 est.)
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