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Bermuda (2006)

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Bermuda 2006 year

Administrative divisions 9 parishes and 2 municipalities*; Devonshire, Hamilton, Hamilton*, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George*, Saint George's, Sandys, Smith's, Southampton, Warwick
Age structure 0-14 years: 18.6% (male 6,146/female 6,098)

15-64 years: 69.2% (male 22,562/female 22,954)

65 years and over: 12.2% (male 3,479/female 4,534) (2006 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products, honey
Airports 1 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2006)
Area total: 53.3 sq km

land: 53.3 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about one-third the size of Washington, DC
Background Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Tourism to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. Although a referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated in 1995, the present government has reopened debate on the issue.
Birth rate 11.4 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budget revenues: $738 million

expenditures: $665 million (FY04/05)
Capital name: Hamilton

geographic coordinates: 32 17 N, 64 46 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October
Climate subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter
Coastline 103 km
Constitution 8 June 1968; amended 1989 and 2003
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Bermuda

former: Somers Islands
Death rate 7.74 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Debt - external $160 million (FY99/00)
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Consul General Gregory W. SLAYTON

consulate(s) general: Crown Hill, 16 Middle Road, Devonshire DVO3

mailing address: P. O. Box HM325, Hamilton HMBX; American Consulate General Hamilton, US Department of State, 5300 Hamilton Place, Washington, DC 20520-5300

telephone: [1] (441) 295-1342

FAX: [1] (441) 295-1592, [1] (441) 296-9233
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Bermuda enjoys the highest per capita income in the world, more than 50% higher than that of the US. Its economy is primarily based on providing financial services for international business and luxury facilities for tourists. A number of reinsurance companies relocated to the island following 11 September 2001 and again after Hurricane Katrina, contributing to the expansion of an already robust international business sector. Bermuda's tourism industry - which derives over 80% of its visitors from the US - continues to struggle but remains the island's number two industry. Most capital equipment and food must be imported. Bermuda's industrial sector is small, although construction continues to be important; the average cost of a house in June 2003 had risen to $976,000. Agriculture is limited with only 20% of the land being arable.
Electricity - consumption 616.7 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 682.5 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Town Hill 76 m
Environment - current issues sustainable development
Ethnic groups black 54.8%, white 34.1%, mixed 6.4%, other races 4.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2000 census)
Exchange rates Bermudian dollar per US dollar - 1.0000 (fixed rate pegged to the US dollar)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Sir John VEREKER (since 11 April 2002)

head of government: Premier Ewart BROWN (since 30 October 2006); Deputy Premier Paula COX

cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed premier by the governor
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $1.469 billion (2004 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities reexports of pharmaceuticals
Exports - partners France 65.6%, Spain 11.7%, US 4.5% (2005)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description red, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Bermudian coat of arms (white and green shield with a red lion holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture off Bermuda in 1609) centered on the outer half of the flag
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 1%

industry: 10%

services: 89% (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 4.6% (2004 est.)
Geographic coordinates 32 20 N, 64 45 W
Geography - note consists of about 138 coral islands and islets with ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; some land was leased by US Government from 1941 to 1995
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $982 million (2004 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities clothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals
Imports - partners Kazakhstan 51%, France 19%, South Korea 10.2%, US 7.6% (2005)
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries international business, tourism, light manufacturing
Infant mortality rate total: 8.3 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.85 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.8% (November 2005)
International organization participation Caricom (associate), ICFTU, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UPU, WCO
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Magistrate Courts
Labor force 38,360 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture and fishing 3%, laborers 17%, clerical 19%, professional and technical 21%, administrative and managerial 15%, sales 7%, services 19% (2004 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 20%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 80% (55% developed, 45% rural/open space) (2005)
Languages English (official), Portuguese
Legal system English law
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (an 11-member body appointed by the governor, the premier, and the opposition) and the House of Assembly (36 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve up to five-year terms)

elections: last general election held 24 July 2003 (next to be held not later than July 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - PLP 51.7%, UBP 48%; seats by party - PLP 22, UBP 14
Life expectancy at birth total population: 77.96 years

male: 75.85 years

female: 80.1 years (2006 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 98%

male: 98%

female: 99% (2005 est.)
Location North America, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, east of South Carolina (US)
Map references North America
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 132 ships (1000 GRT or over) 7,873,728 GRT/8,688,692 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 25, cargo 1, container 24, liquefied gas 23, passenger 19, passenger/cargo 6, petroleum tanker 16, refrigerated cargo 13, roll on/roll off 5

foreign-owned: 116 (Australia 3, Belgium 4, France 1, Germany 21, Greece 2, Hong Kong 10, Indonesia 1, Ireland 1, Israel 3, Monaco 2, Nigeria 11, Norway 5, Sweden 14, Switzerland 2, UK 9, US 27)

registered in other countries: 6 (Liberia 1, Marshall Islands 4, Panama 1) (2006)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
Military branches no regular military forces
Military expenditures - dollar figure $4.03 million (2001)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 0.11% (FY00/01)
National holiday Bermuda Day, 24 May
Nationality noun: Bermudian(s)

adjective: Bermudian
Natural hazards hurricanes (June to November)
Natural resources limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Net migration rate 2.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Political parties and leaders Progressive Labor Party or PLP [Ewart BROWN]; United Bermuda Party or UBP [Wayne FURBERT]
Political pressure groups and leaders Bermuda Employer's Union [Eddie SAINTS]; Bermuda Industrial Union or BIU [Derrick BURGESS]; Bermuda Public Services Union or BPSU [Ed BALL]; Bermuda Union of Teachers [Michael CHARLES]
Population 65,773 (July 2006 est.)
Population below poverty line 19% (2000)
Population growth rate 0.61% (2006 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 5, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2005)
Religions Anglican 23%, Roman Catholic 15%, African Methodist Episcopal 11%, other Protestant 18%, other 12%, unaffiliated 6%, unspecified 1%, none 14% (2000 census)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: good

domestic: fully automatic digital telephone system; fiber optic trunk lines

international: country code - 1-441; submarine cables - 3 (fiber optic); satellite earth stations - 3 (2005)
Telephones - main lines in use 56,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 49,000 (2004)
Television broadcast stations 3 (2005)
Terrain low hills separated by fertile depressions
Total fertility rate 1.89 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate 2.1% (2004 est.)
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