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Bahrajn (2006)

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Bahrajn 2006 roku

 Bahrajn
Podzial administracyjny 5 governorates; Asamah, Janubiyah, Muharraq, Shamaliyah, Wasat


note: each governorate administered by an appointed governor
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 27.4% (male 96,567/female 94,650)


15-64 years: 69.1% (male 280,272/female 202,451)


65 years and over: 3.5% (male 12,753/female 11,892) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo fruit, vegetables; poultry, dairy products; shrimp, fish
Lotniska 3 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


over 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2006)
Terytorium total: 665 sq km


land: 665 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne In 1782, the Al Khalifa family captured Bahrajn from the Persians. In order to secure these holdings, it entered into a series of treaties z the UK during the 19th century that made Bahrajn a British protectorate. The archipelago attained its independence w 1971. Bahrajn's small size and central location among Persian Gulf countries require it to play a delicate balancing act w foreign affairs among its larger neighbors. Facing declining oil reserves, Bahrajn has turned to petroleum processing and refining and has transformed itself into an international banking center. Sheikh HAMAD bin Isa Al Khalifa, who came to power w 1999, has pushed economic and political reforms and has worked to improve relations z the Shia community. In luty 2001, Bahrajni voters approved a referendum on the National Action Charter - the centerpiece of Sheikh HAMAD's political liberalization program. In luty 2002, Sheikh HAMAD pronounced Bahrajn a constitutional monarchy and changed his status from amir to king. In pazdziernik 2002, Bahrajnis elected members of the lower house of Bahrajn's reconstituted bicameral legislature, the National Assembly.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.8 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $4.662 billion


expenditures: $3.447 billion; including capital expenditures of $700 million (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Manama


geographic coordinates: 26 13 N, 50 35 E


time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Linia brzegowa 161 km
Konstytucja new constitution 14 luty 2002
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Bahrajn


conventional short form: Bahrajn


local long form: Mamlakat al Bahrayn


local short form: Al Bahrayn


former: Dilmun
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.14 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $6.814 billion (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador William T. MONROE


embassy: Building #979, Road 3119 (next to Al-Ahli Sports Club), Block 331, Zinj District, Manama


mailing address: American Embassy Manama, PSC 451, FPO AE 09834-5100; international mail: American Embassy, Box 26431, Manama


telephone: [973] 1724-2700


FAX: [973] 1727-0547
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Nasir bin Muhammad al-BALUSHI


chancery: 3502 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 342-1111


FAX: [1] (202) 362-2192


consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $150 million; note - $50 million annually since 1992 from the UAE and Kuwejt (2002)
Ekonomia Petroleum production and refining account dla about 60% of Bahrajn's export receipts, 60% of government revenues, and 30% of Produkt krajowy brutto. With its highly developed communication and transport facilities, Bahrajn is home to numerous multinational firms z business w the Gulf. A large share of exports consists of petroleum products made from refining imported crude. Construction proceeds on several major industrial projects. Unemployment, especially among the young, and the depletion of oil and underground water resources are major long-term economic problems. In 2005 Bahrajn and the US ratified a Free Trade Agreement (FTA), the first FTA between the US and a Gulf state.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 6.83 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.345 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m


highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 122 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; lack of freshwater resources, groundwater and seawater are the only sources dla all water needs
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Bahrajni 62.4%, non-Bahrajni 37.6% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty Bahrajni dinars per US dollar - 0.376 (2005), 0.376 (2004), 0.376 (2003), 0.376 (2002), 0.376 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King HAMAD bin Isa al-Khalifa (since 6 marzec 1999); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SALMAN bin Hamad (son of the monarch, born 21 pazdziernik 1969)


head of government: Prime Minister KHALIFA bin Salman al-Khalifa (since 1971); Deputy Prime Ministers ALI bin Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa, MUHAMMAD bin Mubarak al-Khalifa, Jawad al-ARAIDH


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch
Eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Eksport $11.17 billion (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2002 est.)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Arabia Saudyjska 3.3%, US 2.6%, UAE 2.3% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi red, the traditional color dla flags of Persian Gulf states, z a white serrated band (five white points) on the hoist side; the five points represent the five pillars of Islam
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.5%


industry: 38.7%


services: 60.8% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.9% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 26 00 N, 50 33 E
Polozenie geograficzne close to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic location w Persian Gulf, through which much of the Western world's petroleum must transit to reach open ocean
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2006)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2003)
Import $7.83 billion (2005 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2002 est.)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary crude oil, machinery, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Arabia Saudyjska 36.4%, Japonia 6.6%, Niemcy 6.4%, US 5.4%, UK 5%, UAE 4.1% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 15 sierpien 1971 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2% (2000 est.)
Przemysl petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, offshore banking, ship repairing, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 16.8 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 19.65 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 13.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 2.7% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 40 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo High Civil Appeals Court
Sila robocza 380,000


note: 44% of the population w the 15-64 age group is non-national (2005 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 1%


industry: 79%


services: 20% (1997 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.82%


permanent crops: 5.63%


other: 91.55% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
System prawny based on Islamic law and English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of Shura Council (40 members appointed by the King) and House of Deputies (40 members directly elected to serve four-year terms)


elections: House of Deputies - last held 31 pazdziernik 2002 (next election to be held w wrzesien 2006)


election results: House of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Sunni Islamists 12, Shia grouping 7, other groupings and independents 21


note: first elections since 7 grudzien 1973; unicameral National Assembly dissolved 26 sierpien 1975; National Action Charter created bicameral legislature on 23 grudzien 2000; approved by referendum 14 luty 2001; first legislative session of Parliament held on 25 grudzien 2002
Zywotnosc total population: 74.45 years


male: 71.97 years


female: 77 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 89.1%


male: 91.9%


female: 85% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, archipelago w the Persian Gulf, east of Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined
Flota handlowa total: 8 ships (1000 GRT or over) 235,449 GRT/339,728 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 4, cargo 1, container 2, petroleum tanker 1


foreign-owned: 3 (Kuwejt 3) (2006)
Wojsko Bahrajn Defense Forces (BDF): Ground Force (includes Air Defense), Navy, Air Force, National Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $627.7 million (2005 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 4.9% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 16 grudzien (1971); note - 15 sierpien 1971 is the date of independence from the UK, 16 grudzien 1971 is the date of independence from British protection
Narodowosc noun: Bahrajni(s)


adjective: Bahrajni
Naturalne zagrozenia periodic droughts; dust storms
Surowce naturalne oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Rurociagi gas 20 km; oil 52 km (2006)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy political parties prohibited but political societies were legalized per a lipiec 2005 law
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Shi'a activists fomented unrest sporadically w 1994-97 and have recently engaged w protests and marches, demanding that more power be vested w the elected Council of Representatives and that the government do more to decrease unemployment; several small, clandestine leftist and Islamic fundamentalist groups are active
Ludnosc 698,585


note: includes 235,108 non-nationals (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.45% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Muslim (Shi'a and Sunni) 81.2%, Christian 9%, other 9.8% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.38 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.07 male(s)/female


total population: 1.26 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system


domestic: modern fiber-optic integrated services; digital network z rapidly growing use of mobile cellular telephones


international: country code - 973; tropospheric scatter to Katar and UAE; microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska; submarine cable to Katar, UAE, and Arabia Saudyjska; satellite earth stations - 1 (1997)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 196,500 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 748,700 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 4 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.6 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 15% (2005 est.)
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