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Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie (2008)

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Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie 2008 roku

 Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie
Podzial administracyjny 7 emirates (imarat, singular - imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn (Quwayn)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 20.6% (male 467,931/female 447,045)


15-64 years: 78.5% (male 2,558,029/female 932,617)


65 years and over: 0.9% (male 24,914/female 13,475)


note: 73.9% of the population w the 15-64 age group is non-national (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
Lotniska 39 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 22


over 3,047 m: 10


2,438 to 3,047 m: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 17


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 5


under 914 m: 5 (2007)
Terytorium total: 83,600 sq km


land: 83,600 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Maine
Tlo historyczne The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs w 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie (UAE). They were joined w 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita Produkt krajowy brutto is on par z those of leading West European nations. Its generosity z oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role w the affairs of the region.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 16.09 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $58.15 billion


expenditures: $38.06 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Abu Dhabi


geographic coordinates: 24 28 N, 54 22 E


time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat desert; cooler w eastern mountains
Linia brzegowa 1,318 km
Konstytucja 2 grudzien 1971; made permanent w 1996
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie


conventional short form: none


local long form: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah


local short form: none


former: Trucial Oman, Trucial States


abbreviation: UAE
Wspolczynnik zgonow 2.16 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $41.51 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Michele J. SISON


embassy: Embassies District, Plot 38 Sector W59-02, Street No. 4, Abu Dhabi


mailing address: P. O. Box 4009, Abu Dhabi


telephone: [971] (2) 414-2200


FAX: [971] (2) 414-2603


consulate(s) general: Dubai
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Saqr Ghobash Said GHOBASH


chancery: 3522 International Court NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 243-2400


FAX: [1] (202) 243-2432


consulate(s): New York, Houston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje boundary agreement was signed and ratified z Oman w 2003 dla entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah enclaves, but contents of the agreement and detailed maps showing the alignment have not been published; Iran and UAE dispute Tunb Islands and Abu Musa Island, which Iran occupies
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie since its founding w 1971, the Abu Dhabi Fund dla Development has given about $5.2 billion w aid to 56 countries (2004)
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $5.36 million (2004)
Ekonomia The UAE has an open economy z a high per capita income and a sizable annual trade surplus. Despite largely successful efforts at economic diversification, nearly 40% of Produkt krajowy brutto is still directly based on oil and gas output. Since the discovery of oil w the UAE more than 30 years ago, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state z a high standard of living. The government has increased spending on job creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up utilities to greater private sector involvement. In kwiecien 2004, the UAE signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement z Washington and w listopad 2004 agreed to undertake negotiations toward a Free Trade Agreement z the US. The country's Free Trade Zones - offering 100% foreign ownership and zero taxes - are helping to attract foreign investors. Higher oil revenue, strong liquidity, housing shortages, and cheap credit w 2005-07 led to a surge w asset prices (shares and real estate) and consumer inflation. Rising prices are increasing the operating costs dla businesses w the UAE and adversely impacting government employees and others on fixed incomes. Dependence on oil and a large expatriate workforce are significant long-term challenges. The UAE's strategic plan dla the next few years focuses on diversification and creating more opportunities dla nationals through improved education and increased private sector employment.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 52.62 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 57.06 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m


highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy lack of natural freshwater resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)


note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
Kurs waluty Emirati dirhams per US dollar - 3.673 (2007), 3.673 (2006), 3.6725 (2005), 3.6725 (2004), 3.6725 (2003)


note: officially pegged to the US dollar since luty 2002
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 3 listopad 2004), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 4 listopad 2004); Vice President and Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 5 styczen 2006)


head of government: Prime Minister and Vice President MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 5 styczen 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers SULTAN bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 20 listopad 1990) and HAMDAN bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 20 pazdziernik 2003)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president


note: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) composed of the seven emirate rulers; the FSC is the highest constitutional authority w the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation; meets four times a year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power


elections: president and vice president elected by the FSC dla five-year terms (no term limits); election last held 3 listopad 2004 upon the death of the UAE's Founding Father and first President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan (next to be held w 2009); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president


election results: KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan elected president by a unanimous vote of the FSC; MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum unanimously affirmed vice president after the 2006 death of his brother Sheikh Maktum bin Rashid al-Maktum
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $152.1 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 6.848 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 2.54 million bbl/day (2004 est.)
Eksport - towary crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 25.8%, South Korea 9.6%, Tajlandia 5.9%, Indie 4.5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black z a wider vertical red band on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1.8%


industry: 59.3%


services: 38.9% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 8.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 24 00 N, 54 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point dla world crude oil
Ladowiska helikopterow 5 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki the UAE is a drug transshipment point dla traffickers given its proximity to Southwest Asian drug-producing countries; the UAE's position as a major financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering; anti-money-laundering controls improving, but informal banking remains unregulated
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $94.72 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 1.343 billion cu m (2005)
Import 137,200 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
Import - partnerzy US 11.5%, Chiny 11%, Indie 9.8%, Niemcy 6.4%, Japonia 5.8%, UK 5.5%, Francja 4.1%, Wlochy 4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 2 grudzien 1971 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.1% (2007 est.)
Przemysl petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 13.52 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 15.77 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 11.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 12% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 760 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Union Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 3.119 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 7%


industry: 15%


services: 78% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 867 km


border countries: Oman 410 km, Arabia Saudyjska 457 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.77%


permanent crops: 2.27%


other: 96.96% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
System prawny based on a dual system of Shari'a and civil courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Federal National Council (FNC) or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; 20 members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states, 20 members elected to serve two-year terms)


elections: elections dla one half of the FNC (the other half remains appointed) held w the UAE on 18-20 grudzien 2006; the new electoral college - a body of 6,689 Emiratis (including 1,189 women) appointed by the rulers of the seven emirates - were the only eligible voters and candidates; 456 candidates including 65 women ran dla 20 contested FNC seats; one female from the Emirate of Abu Dhabi won a seat


note: reviews legislation but cannot change or veto
Zywotnosc total population: 75.69 years


male: 73.16 years


female: 78.35 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 77.9%


male: 76.1%


female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 60 ships (1000 GRT or over) 617,519 GRT/858,519 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 6, cargo 10, chemical tanker 5, container 6, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 25, roll on/roll off 5, specialized tanker 1


foreign-owned: 11 (Grecja 3, Kuwejt 8)


registered w other countries: 281 (Bahamas 20, Belize 4, Kambodza 2, Komory 5, Cypr 10, Georgia 1, Gibraltar 2, Hong Kong 1, Indie 2, Iran 1, Jordania 15, North Korea 4, Liberia 22, Malta 10, Wyspy Marshalla 14, Meksyk 1, Mongolia 5, Norwegia 1, Panama 108, Filipiny 1, Arabia Saudyjska 1, Sierra Leone 7, Singapur 8, Somalia 1, St Kitts and Nevis 22, St Vincent and The Grenadines 12, Turcja 1, unknown 5) (2007)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Marines and Coast Guard), Air and Air Defense Force, paramilitary forces (includes Federal Police Force)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.1% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 2 grudzien (1971)
Narodowosc noun: Emirati(s)


adjective: Emirati
Naturalne zagrozenia frequent sand and dust storms
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji 26.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 520 km; gas 2,908 km; liquid petroleum gas 300 km; oil 2,950 km; oil/gas/water 5 km; refined products 156 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,444,011


note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net inmigration of non-citizens than previous estimates (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 19.5% (2003)
Przyrost naturalny 3.997% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 13, FM 8, shortwave 2 (2004)
Religie Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.047 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 2.743 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.849 male(s)/female


total population: 2.19 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze none
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern fiber-optic integrated services; digital network z rapidly growing use of mobile cellular telephones; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai


domestic: microwave radio relay, fiber optic and coaxial cable


international: country code - 971; linked to the international submarine cable FLAG (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe); landing point dla both the SEA-ME-WE-3 AND SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 2 Ocean Indyjski) and 1 Arabsat; tropospheric scatter to Bahrajn; microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.31 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 5.519 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 15 (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.43 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.4% (2001)
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