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Zachodni Brzeg (2008)

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Zachodni Brzeg 2008 roku

 Zachodni Brzeg
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.4% (male 551,243/female 524,800)

15-64 years: 54.2% (male 704,209/female 670,382)

65 years and over: 3.4% (male 36,175/female 49,118) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products
Lotniska 3 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 5,860 sq km

land: 5,640 sq km

water: 220 sq km

note: includes Zachodni Brzeg, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Izrael w 1967
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Delaware
Tlo historyczne The wrzesien 1993 Izrael-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements provided dla a transitional period of Palestinian self-rule w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. Under a series of agreements signed between maj 1994 and wrzesien 1999, Izrael transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) security and civilian responsibility dla Palestinian-populated areas of the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza stalled following the outbreak of an intifada w wrzesien 2000, as Izraeli forces reoccupied most Palestinian-controlled areas. In kwiecien 2003, the Quartet (US, EU, UN, and Rosja) presented a roadmap to a final settlement of the conflict by 2005 based on reciprocal steps by the two parties leading to two states, Izrael and a democratic Palestine. The proposed date dla a permanent status agreement was postponed indefinitely due to violence and accusations that both sides had not followed through on their commitments. Following Palestinian leader Yasir ARAFAT's death w late 2004, Mahmud ABBAS was elected PA president w styczen 2005. A month later, Izrael and the PA agreed to the Sharm el-Sheikh Commitments w an effort to move the peace process forward. In wrzesien 2005, Izrael unilaterally withdrew all its settlers and soldiers and dismantled its military facilities w the Gaza and withdrew settlers and redeployed soldiers from four small northern Zachodni Brzeg settlements. Nonetheless, Izrael controls maritime, airspace, and most access to the Gaza. A listopad 2005 PA-Izraeli agreement authorized the reopening of the Rafah border crossing between the Gaza and Egipt under joint PA and Egiptian control. In styczen 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won control of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). The international community refused to accept the HAMAS-led government because it did not recognize Izrael, would not renounce violence, and refused to honor previous peace agreements between Izrael and the PA. HAMAS took control of the PA government w marzec 2006, but President ABBAS had little success negotiating z HAMAS to present a political platform acceptable to the international community so as to lift economic sanctions on Palestinians. The PLC was unable to convene throughout most of 2006 as a result of Izrael's detention of many HAMAS PLC members and Izraeli-imposed travel restrictions on other PLC members. Violent clashes took place between Fatah and HAMAS supporters w the Gaza w 2006 and early 2007, resulting w numerous Palestinian deaths and injuries. ABBAS and HAMAS Political Bureau Chief MISHAL w luty 2007 signed the Mecca Agreement w Arabia Saudyjska that resulted w the formation of a Palestinian National Unity Government (NUG) headed by HAMAS member Ismail HANIYA. However, fighting continued w the Gaza, and w czerwiec, HAMAS militants succeeded w a violent takeover of all military and governmental institutions w the Gaza. ABBAS dismissed the NUG and through a series of presidential decrees formed a PA government w the Zachodni Brzeg led by independent Salam FAYYAD. HAMAS rejected the NUG's dismissal and has called dla resuming talks z Fatah, but ABBAS has ruled out negotiations until HAMAS agrees to a return of PA control over the Gaza and recognizes the FAYYAD-led government. FAYYAD and his PA government initiated a series of security and economic reforms to improve conditions w the Zachodni Brzeg. ABBAS participated w talks z Izrael's Prime Minister OLMERT and secured the release of some Palestinian prisoners and previously withheld customs revenue. During a listopad 2007 international meeting w Annapolis Maryland, ABBAS and OLMERT agreed to resume peace negotiations z the goal of reaching a final peace settlement by the end of 2008.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 30.99 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.149 billion

expenditures: $2.31 billion

note: includes Gaza (2006)
Klimat temperate; temperature and precipitation vary z altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Zachodni Brzeg
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.85 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Izrael continues construction of a "seam line" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the Zachodni Brzeg; Izrael withdrew from four settlements w the northern Zachodni Brzeg w sierpien 2005; since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), headquartered w Jerusalem, monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel w the region
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.4 billion; (includes Gaza) (2006 est.)
Ekonomia The Zachodni Brzeg - the larger of the two areas comprising the Palestinian Authority (PA) - has experienced a general decline w economic conditions since the second intifada began w wrzesien 2000. The downturn has been largely a result of Izraeli closure policies - the imposition of closures and access restrictions w response to security concerns w Izrael - which disrupted labor and trading relationships. In 2001, and even more severely w 2002, Izraeli military measures w PA areas resulted w the destruction of capital, the disruption of administrative structures, and widespread business closures. International aid of at least $1.14 billion to the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza w 2004 prevented the complete collapse of the economy and allowed some reforms w the government's financial operations. In 2005, high unemployment and limited trade opportunities - due to continued closures both within the Zachodni Brzeg and externally - stymied growth. Izrael's and the international community's financial embargo of the PA when HAMAS ran the PA during marzec 2006 - czerwiec 2007 has interrupted the provision of PA social services and the payment of PA salaries. Since czerwiec the Fayyad government w the Zachodni Brzeg has restarted salary payments and the provision of services but would be unable to operate absent high levels of international assistance.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - import NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh; note - most electricity imported from Izrael; East Jerusalem Electric Company buys and distributes electricity to Palestinians w East Jerusalem and its concession w the Zachodni Brzeg; the Izrael Electric Company directly supplies electricity to most Jewish residents and military facilities; some Palestinian municipalities, such as Nablus and Janin, generate their own electricity from small power plants
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m

highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment
Grupy etniczne Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.14 (2007), 4.4565 (2006), 4.4877 (2005), 4.482 (2004), 4.5541 (2003)
Eksport $301 million f.o.b.; (includes Gaza) (2005)
Eksport - towary olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
Eksport - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8%

industry: 13%

services: 79% (includes Gaza) (2006 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -8% (includes Gaza) (2006 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 32 00 N, 35 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; highlands are main recharge area dla Izrael's coastal aquifers; there are 242 Zachodni Brzeg settlements and 29 East Jerusalem settlements w addition to at least 20 occupied outposts (sierpien 2005 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import NA kWh
Import $2.44 billion c.i.f.; (includes Gaza) (2005)
Import - towary food, consumer goods, construction materials
Import - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2006)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.4% (includes Gaza) (2005)
Przemysl generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Izraelis have established some small-scale, modern industries w the settlements and industrial centers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.67 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 20.59 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 16.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3.6% (includes Gaza) (2006)
Nawadniane tereny 150 sq km; note - includes Gaza (2003)
Sila robocza 605,000 (2006)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 18%

industry: 15%

services: 67% (2006)
Granica total: 404 km

border countries: Izrael 307 km, Jordania 97 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.9%

permanent crops: 18.97%

other: 64.13% (2001)
Jezyki Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Izraeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Zywotnosc total population: 73.46 years

male: 71.68 years

female: 75.35 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 92.4%

male: 96.7%

female: 88% (2004 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, west of Jordania
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Narodowosc noun: NA

adjective: NA
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts
Surowce naturalne arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Ludnosc 2,535,927

note: w addition, there are about 187,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg and fewer than 177,000 w East Jerusalem (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 46% (2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.985% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 25, shortwave 0 (2008)
Religie Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.736 male(s)/female

total population: 1.038 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA

domestic: Izraeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible dla fixed line services; the Palestinian JAWAL company provides cellular services

international: country code - 970 (2004)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 349,000 (includes Gaza) (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 1.095 million (includes Gaza) (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 30 (2008)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation w west, but barren w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.17 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 18.6% (2006)
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