Strona glowna Porownaj panstwa Spis panstw Spis pol


Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (2008)

Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca - wybierz rok:
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (2001) (porownaj)
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (2002) (porownaj)
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (2003) (porownaj)
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (2004) (porownaj)
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (2005) (porownaj)
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (2006) (porownaj)
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (2007) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca 2008 roku

 Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca
Podzial administracyjny 2 provinces; Principe, Sao Tome

note: Principe has had self government since 29 kwiecien 1995
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 47.3% (male 47,796/female 46,589)

15-64 years: 49% (male 47,386/female 50,412)

65 years and over: 3.7% (male 3,383/female 4,013) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish
Lotniska 2 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 1,001 sq km

land: 1,001 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci more than five times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Discovered and claimed by Portugalia w the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa w the 19th century - all grown z plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved w 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections w 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes w leadership and two failed coup attempts w 1995 and 2003. The recent discovery of oil w the Gulf of Gwinea promises to attract increased attention to the small island nation.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 39.72 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $74.11 million

expenditures: $57.71 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Sao Tome

geographic coordinates: 0 12 N, 6 39 E

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (pazdziernik to maj)
Linia brzegowa 209 km
Konstytucja approved marzec 1990, effective 10 wrzesien 1990
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Democratic Republic of Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca

conventional short form: Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca

local long form: Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe

local short form: Sao Tome e Principe
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.28 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $318 million (2002)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca; the Ambassador to Gabon is accredited to Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca on a nonresident basis and makes periodic visits to the islands
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: First Secretary Domingos sierpieno FERREIRA

chancery: 400 Park Avenue, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10022

telephone: [1] (212) 317-0580

FAX: [1] (212) 935-7348

consulate(s): Atlanta
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $31.9 million w grudzien 2000 under the HIPC program (2005)
Ekonomia This small, poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence w 1975. Cocoa production has substantially declined w recent years because of drought and mismanagement. Sao Tome has to import all fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food. Over the years, it has had difficulty servicing its external debt and has relied heavily on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. Sao Tome benefited from $200 million w debt relief w grudzien 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program, which helped bring down the country's $300 million debt burden. In sierpien 2005, Sao Tome signed on to a new 3-year IMF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program worth $4.3 million. Considerable potential exists dla development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities w recent years. The government also has attempted to reduce price controls and subsidies. Sao Tome is optimistic about the development of petroleum resources w its territorial waters w the oil-rich Gulf of Gwinea, which are being jointly developed w a 60-40 split z Nigeria. The first production licenses were sold w 2004, though a dispute over licensing z Nigeria delayed Sao Tome's receipt of more than $20 million w signing bonuses dla almost a year. Real Produkt krajowy brutto growth exceeded 6% w 2007, as a result of increases w public expenditures and oil-related capital investment.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 16.74 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 18 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambik, and Republika Zielonego Przyladka), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
Kurs waluty dobras per US dollar - 13,700 (2007), 12,050 (2006), 9,900.4 (2005), 9,902.3 (2004), 9,347.6 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Fradique DE MENEZES (since 3 wrzesien 2001)

head of government: Prime Minister Patrice TROVOADA (since 14 luty 2008)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 30 lipiec 2006 (next to be held lipiec 2011); prime minister chosen by the National Assembly and approved by the president

election results: Fradique DE MENEZES elected president; percent of vote - Fradique DE MENEZES 60%, Patrice TROVOADA 38.5%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $4 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary cocoa 80%, copra, coffee, palm oil
Eksport - partnerzy Holandia 47.9%, Belgia 19%, Portugalia 9.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double width), and green z two black five-pointed stars placed side by side w the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 14.8%

industry: 14.2%

services: 71% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 1 00 N, 7 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne the smallest country w Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are fairly mountainous
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $73 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 634.4 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy Portugalia 48.8%, Francja 19.7%, Belgia 5.1%, US 5.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 12 lipiec 1975 (from Portugalia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 40.54 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 42.42 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 38.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 17% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, CPLP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ITU, ITUC, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny 100 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the National Assembly)
Sila robocza 35,050 (1991)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki note: population mainly engaged w subsistence agriculture and fishing; shortages of skilled workers
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 8.33%

permanent crops: 48.96%

other: 42.71% (2005)
Jezyki Portuguese (official)
System prawny based on Portuguese legal system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (55 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held on 26 marzec 2006 (next to be held w marzec 2010)

election results: percent of vote by party - MDFM-PCD 37.2%, MLSTP 28.9%, ADI 20.0%, NR 4.7%, others 9.2%; seats by party - MDFM-PCD 23, MLSTP 19, ADI 12, NR 1
Zywotnosc total population: 67.64 years

male: 66.03 years

female: 69.3 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 84.9%

male: 92.2%

female: 77.9% (2001 census)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, islands w the Gulf of Gwinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 20,455 GRT/27,871 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 6

foreign-owned: 2 (Egipt 1, Grecja 1) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca's army is a tiny force z almost no resources at its disposal and would be wholly ineffective operating unilaterally; infantry equipment is considered simple to operate and maintain but may require refurbishment or replacement after 25 years w tropical climates; poor pay, working conditions, and alleged nepotism w the promotion of officers have been problems w the past, as reflected w the 1995 and 2003 coups; these issues are being addressed z foreign assistance aimed at improving the army and its focus on realistic security concerns; command is exercised from the president, through the Minister of Defense, to the Chief of the Armed Forces staff (2005)
Wojsko Armed Forces of Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca (FASTP): Army, Coast Guard of Sao Tome e Principe (Guarda Costeira de Sao Tome e Principe, GCSTP), Presidential Guard (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.8% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 12 lipiec (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Sao Tomean(s)

adjective: Sao Tomean
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne fish, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Force dla Change Democratic Movement or MDFM [Tome Soares da VERA CRUZ]; Independent Democratic Action or ADI [[Patrice TROVOADA]; Movement dla the Liberation of Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca-Social Democratic Party or MLSTP-PSD [Rafael BRANCO]; New Way Movement or NR; Party dla Democratic Convergence or PCD [Delfim NEVES]; Ue-Kedadji coalition; other small parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 199,579 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 54% (2004 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 3.13% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 1 (2001)
Religie Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.026 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.843 male(s)/female

total population: 0.976 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate facilities

domestic: minimal system

international: country code - 239; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 7,100 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 12,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu volcanic, mountainous
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.53 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Mapa strony: Wszystkie porownania (mapa serwisu) | Spis podstron z informacjami na temat panstw
Links: Dodaj do ulubionych | Informacje o tej stronie | Statystyki | Polityka prywatnosci
Ta strona zostala wygenerowana w ciagu 0.12450098 s. Rozmiar tej strony: 43.34 kB.