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Wyspy Salomona (2008)

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Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona (2001) (porownaj)
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Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona (2006) (porownaj)
Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona (2007) (porownaj)

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Wyspy Salomona 2008 roku

 Wyspy Salomona
Podzial administracyjny 9 provinces and 1 capital territory*; Central, Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Honiara*, Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Rennell and Bellona, Temotu, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 40.7% (male 117,739/female 113,125)

15-64 years: 55.9% (male 160,310/female 156,773)

65 years and over: 3.3% (male 9,036/female 9,859) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cocoa beans, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, potatoes, vegetables, fruit; timber; cattle, pigs; fish
Lotniska 35 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 33

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 9

under 914 m: 23 (2007)
Terytorium total: 28,450 sq km

land: 27,540 sq km

water: 910 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Maryland
Tlo historyczne The UK established a protectorate over the Wyspy Salomona w the 1890s. Some of the bitterest fighting of Swiat War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved w 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In czerwiec 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allen KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia w reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Wyspy Salomona (RAMSI) has generally been effective w restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 29.27 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $49.7 million

expenditures: $75.1 million (2003)
Stolica name: Honiara

geographic coordinates: 9 26 S, 159 57 E

time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather
Linia brzegowa 5,313 km
Konstytucja 7 lipiec 1978
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Wyspy Salomona

local long form: none

local short form: Wyspy Salomona

former: British Wyspy Salomona
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.87 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $166 million (2004)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Wyspy Salomona (embassy closed lipiec 1993); the ambassador to Papua-Nowa Gwinea is accredited to the Wyspy Salomona
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Collin David BECK

chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400L, New York, NY 10017

telephone: [1] (212) 599-6192, 6193

FAX: [1] (212) 661-8925
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje since 2003, the Regional Assistance Mission to the Wyspy Salomona (RAMSI), consisting of police, military, and civilian advisors drawn from 15 countries, has assisted w reestablishing and maintaining civil and political order while reinforcing regional stability and security
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $198.2 million annually, mainly from Australia (2005 est.)
Ekonomia The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry dla at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich w undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of the Regional Assistance Mission to the Wyspy Salomona (RAMSI), severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated w economic collapse. RAMSI's efforts to restore law and order and economic stability have led to modest growth as the economy rebuilds.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 55.8 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 60 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Melanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.2% (1999 census)
Kurs waluty Wyspy Salomona dollars per US dollar - NA (2007), 7.3447 (2006), 7.5299 (2005), 7.4847 (2004), 7.5059 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor General Nathaniel WAENA (since 7 lipiec 2004)

head of government: Prime Minister Derek SIKUA (since 20 grudzien 2007); note - Prime Minister Manasseh SOGAVARE defeated w a no confidence vote w parliament on 13 grudzien 2007; SIKUA elected on 20 grudzien 2007

cabinet: Cabinet consists of 20 members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of Parliament

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of Parliament dla up to five years (eligible dla a second term); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of Parliament
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $237 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 48%, South Korea 9.5%, Japonia 8.9%, Tajlandia 4.7%, Wlochy 4.4%, Filipiny 4.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue z five white five-pointed stars arranged w an X pattern; the lower triangle is green
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 42%

industry: 11%

services: 47% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.4% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 00 S, 159 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location on sea routes between the South Ocean Spokojny, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea; on 2 kwiecien 2007 an undersea earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale occurred 345 km WNW of the capital Honiara, the resulting tsunami devastated coastal areas of Western and Choiseul provinces z dozens of deaths and thousands dislocated; the provincial capital of Gizo was especially hard hit
Wladze - uwagi by the end of 2007, the Regional Assistance Mission to the Wyspy Salomona (RAMSI) - originally made up of police and troops from Australia, NZ, Fidzi, Papua-Nowa Gwinea, and Tonga - had been scaled back to 303 police officers, 197 civilian technical advisers, and 72 military advisers from 15 countries across the region
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $256 million f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 1,296 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food, plant and equipment, manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 25.5%, Singapur 23.5%, Japonia 7.8%, NZ 5.1%, Fidzi 4.2%, Papua-Nowa Gwinea 4.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 7 lipiec 1978 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl fish (tuna), mining, timber
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 19.97 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 22.8 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 17.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 6.6% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 249,200 (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 75%

industry: 5%

services: 20% (2000 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.62%

permanent crops: 2.04%

other: 97.34% (2005)
Jezyki Melanesian pidgin w much of the country is lingua franca; English (official; but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population); 120 indigenous languages
System prawny English common law, which is widely disregarded
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Parliament (50 seats; members elected from single-member constituencies by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held on 5 kwiecien 2006 (next to be held w 2010)

election results: percent of vote by party - National Party 6.9%, PAP 6.3%, SIPRA 6.3%, Liberal 5%, Democratic 4.9%, SOCRED 4.3%, LAFARI 2.8%, independents 60.3%; seats by party - National Party 4, SIPRA 4, Democratic 3, PAP 3, LAFARI 2, Liberal 2, SOCRED 2, independents 30
Zywotnosc total population: 73.16 years

male: 70.64 years

female: 75.81 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA

total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Lokalizacja Oceania, group of islands w the South Ocean Spokojny, east of Papua-Nowa Gwinea
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm
Wojsko no regular military forces; Royal Wyspy Salomona Police (RSIP)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 7 lipiec (1978)
Narodowosc noun: Solomon Islander(s)

adjective: Solomon Islander
Naturalne zagrozenia typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region z frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Association of Independent Members or AIM [Thomas CHAN]; Christian Alliance Wyspy Salomona or CASI [Edward RONIA]; LAFARI Party [John GARO]; National Party [Francis HILLY]; People's Alliance Party or PAP [Sir Allan KEMAKEZA]; Social Credit Party or SOCRED [Manasseh Damukana SOGAVARE]; Solomon First Party [David QUAN]; Wyspy Salomona Democratic Party [Gabriel SURI]; Wyspy Salomona Labor Party or SILP [Joses TUHANUKU]; Wyspy Salomona Liberal Party [Bartholomew ULUFA'ALU]; Wyspy Salomona Party dla Rural Advancement or SIPRA [Job D. TAUSINGA]; United Party [Sir Peter KENILOREA]

note: w general, Wyspy Salomona politics is characterized by fluid coalitions
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Isatabu Freedom Movement (IFM); Malaita Eagle Force (MEF); note - these rival armed ethnic factions crippled the Wyspy Salomona w a wave of violence from 1999 to 2003
Ludnosc 566,842 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.54% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1 (2004)
Religie Church of Melanesia 32.8%, Roman Catholic 19%, South Seas Evangelical 17%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11.2%, United Church 10.3%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.4%, other Christian 4.4%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.2% (1999 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.041 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.023 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.917 male(s)/female

total population: 1.026 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 677; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 7,400 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 6,000 (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rugged mountains z some low coral atolls
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.78 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
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