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Wyspy Marshalla (2008)

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Wyspy Marshalla 2008 roku

 Wyspy Marshalla
Podzial administracyjny 33 municipalities; Ailinginae, Ailinglaplap, Ailuk, Arno, Aur, Bikar, Bikini, Bokak, Ebon, Enewetak, Erikub, Jabat, Jaluit, Jemo, Kili, Kwajalein, Lae, Lib, Likiep, Majuro, Maloelap, Mejit, Mili, Namorik, Namu, Rongelap, Rongrik, Toke, Ujae, Ujelang, Utirik, Wotho, Wotje
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 38.3% (male 12,061/female 11,622)

15-64 years: 58.9% (male 18,634/female 17,775)

65 years and over: 2.8% (male 832/female 891) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens
Lotniska 15 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 11

914 to 1,523 m: 10

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 181.3 sq km

land: 181.3 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: the archipelago includes 11,673 sq km of lagoon waters and includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Wyspy Marshalla attained independence w 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Wyspy Marshalla hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation w the US missile defense network.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 32.37 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $42 million

expenditures: $40 million (1999)
Stolica name: Majuro

geographic coordinates: 7 06 N, 171 23 E

time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot and humid; wet season maj to listopad; islands border typhoon belt
Linia brzegowa 370.4 km
Konstytucja 1 maj 1979
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of the Wyspy Marshalla

conventional short form: Wyspy Marshalla

local long form: Republic of the Wyspy Marshalla

local short form: Wyspy Marshalla

abbreviation: RMI

former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Wyspy Marshalla District
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.66 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $86.5 million (FY99/00 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Clyde BISHOP

embassy: Oceanside, Mejen Weto, Long Island, Majuro

mailing address: P. O. Box 1379, Majuro, Republic of the Wyspy Marshalla 96960-1379

telephone: [692] 247-4011

FAX: [692] 247-4012
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Banny DE BRUM

chancery: 2433 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 234-5414

FAX: [1] (202) 232-3236

consulate(s) general: Honolulu
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje claims US territory of Wake
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $56.56 million more than $1 billion from the US, 1986-2002 (2005)
Ekonomia US Government assistance is the mainstay of this tiny island economy. Agricultural production, primarily subsistence, is concentrated on small farms; the most important commercial crops are coconuts and breadfruit. Small-scale industry is limited to handicrafts, tuna processing, and copra. The tourist industry, now a small source of foreign exchange employing less than 10% of the labor force, remains the best hope dla future added income. The islands have few natural resources, and imports far exceed exports. Under the terms of the Amended Compact of Free Association, the US will provide millions of dollars per year to the Wyspy Marshalla (RMI) through 2023, at which time a Trust Fund made up of US and RMI contributions will begin perpetual annual payouts. Government downsizing, drought, a drop w construction, the decline w tourism, and less income from the renewal of fishing vessel licenses have held Produkt krajowy brutto growth to an average of 1% over the past decade.
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Likiep 10 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy inadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Micronesian
Kurs waluty the US dollar is used
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Litokwa TOMEING (since 7 styczen 2008); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Litokwa TOMEING (since 7 styczen 2008)

cabinet: Cabinet selected by the president from among the members of the legislature

elections: president elected by Parliament from among its members dla a four-year term; election last held 7 styczen 2008 (next to be held w 2012)

election results: Litokwa TOMEING elected president; TOMEING received 18 votes to 15 dla incumbent NOTE
Eksport $9.1 million f.o.b. (2000)
Eksport - towary copra cake, coconut oil, handicrafts, fish
Eksport - partnerzy US, Japonia, Australia, Chiny (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 pazdziernik - 30 wrzesien
Opis flagi blue z two stripes radiating from the lower hoist-side corner - orange (top) and white; there is a white star z four large rays and 20 small rays on the hoist side above the two stripes
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 31.7%

industry: 14.9%

services: 53.4% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.5% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 9 00 N, 168 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne the Marshal Islands Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous Swiat War II battleground, is used as a US missile test range; island city of Ebeye is the second largest settlement w the Wyspy Marshalla, after the capital of Majuro, and one of the most densely populated locations w the Pacific
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import $54.7 million f.o.b. (2000)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels, beverages and tobacco
Import - partnerzy US, Japonia, Australia, NZ, Singapur, Fidzi, Chiny, Filipiny (2006)
Niepodleglosc 21 pazdziernik 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl copra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items from seashells, wood, and pearls
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 27.3 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 30.62 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 23.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, IDA, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO
Nawadniane tereny 0 sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; High Court; Traditional Rights Court
Sila robocza 14,680 (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 21.4%

industry: 20.9%

services: 57.7% (2000)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 11.11%

permanent crops: 44.44%

other: 44.45% (2005)
Jezyki Marshallese (official) 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)

note: English (official), widely spoken as a second language
System prawny based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral legislature or Nitijela (33 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 17 listopad 2003 (next to be held by listopad 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 33

note: the Council of Chiefs or Ironij is a 12-member body comprised of tribal chiefs that advises on matters affecting customary law and practice
Zywotnosc total population: 70.61 years

male: 68.61 years

female: 72.71 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 93.7%

male: 93.6%

female: 93.7% (1999)
Lokalizacja Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands w the North Ocean Spokojny, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 902 ships (1000 GRT or over) 33,260,440 GRT/55,644,008 DWT

by type: barge carrier 2, bulk carrier 215, cargo 61, carrier 1, chemical tanker 165, combination ore/oil 6, container 171, liquefied gas 28, passenger 6, petroleum tanker 228, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 10, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 5

foreign-owned: 857 (Australia 1, Belgia 1, Bermudy 5, Kanada 4, Chile 4, Chiny 3, Chorwacja 4, Cypr 39, Dania 9, Finlandia 2, Niemcy 214, Grecja 226, Hong Kong 4, Wlochy 3, Japonia 5, South Korea 3, Lotwa 10, Malezja 3, Monako 7, Holandia 5, Norwegia 62, Rumunia 1, Rosja 4, Arabia Saudyjska 4, Singapur 12, Slowenia 3, Hiszpania 3, Szwecja 1, Szwajcaria 14, Turcja 41, UAE 14, UK 17, US 129) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the US
Wojsko no regular military forces; under the 1983 Compact of Free Association, the US has full authority and responsibility dla security and defense of the Wyspy Marshalla; Wyspy Marshalla Police (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe Konstytucja Day, 1 maj (1979)
Narodowosc noun: Marshallese (singular and plural)

adjective: Marshallese
Naturalne zagrozenia infrequent typhoons
Surowce naturalne coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals
Wspolczynnik migracji -5.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy traditionally there have been no formally organized political parties; what has existed more closely resembles factions or interest groups because they do not have party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures; the following two "groupings" have competed w legislative balloting w recent years - Aelon Kein Ad Party [Michael KABUA] and United Democratic Party or UDP [Litokwa TOMEING]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 61,815 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.207% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (additionally, the US Armed Forces Radio and Television Services (Central Pacific Network) operate one FM and one AM station on Kwajalein) (2005)
Religie Protestant 54.8%, Assembly of God 25.8%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Bukot nan Jesus 2.8%, Mormon 2.1%, other Christian 3.6%, other 1%, none 1.5% (1999 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.038 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.048 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.934 male(s)/female

total population: 1.041 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: digital switching equipment; modern services include telex, cellular, internet, international calling, caller ID, and leased data circuits

domestic: Majuro Atoll and Ebeye and Kwajalein islands have regular, seven-digit, direct-dial telephones; other islands interconnected by high frequency radiotelephone (used mostly dla government purposes) and mini-satellite telephones

international: country code - 692; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny); US Government satellite communications system on Kwajalein (2001)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 4,500 (2004)
Telefony komorkowe 600 (2004)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (both are US military stations; Marshalls Broadcasting Service, a cable company, operates on Majuro) (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu low coral limestone and sand islands
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.76 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 30.9% (2000 est.)
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