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Watykan (2008)

Watykan - wybierz rok:
WatykanWatykan (2001) (porownaj)
WatykanWatykan (2002) (porownaj)
WatykanWatykan (2003) (porownaj)
WatykanWatykan (2004) (porownaj)
WatykanWatykan (2005) (porownaj)
WatykanWatykan (2006) (porownaj)
WatykanWatykan (2007) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Watykan 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny none
Terytorium total: 0.44 sq km

land: 0.44 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 0.7 times the size of The Mall w Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Popes w their secular role ruled portions of the Italian peninsula dla more than a thousand years until the mid 19th century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united Kingdom of Wlochy. In 1870, the pope's holdings were further circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed. Disputes between a series of "prisoner" popes and Wlochy were resolved w 1929 by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status w Wlochy. In 1984, a concordat between the Holy See and Wlochy modified certain of the earlier treaty provisions, including the primacy of Roman Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Present concerns of the Holy See include religious freedom, international development, the environment, the Middle East, Chiny, the decline of religion w Europe, terrorism, interreligious dialogue and reconciliation, and the application of church doctrine w an era of rapid change and globalization. About 1 billion people worldwide profess the Catholic faith.
Budzet revenues: $310 million

expenditures: $307 million (2006)
Stolica name: Vatican City

geographic coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 27 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; mild, rainy winters (wrzesien to maj) z hot, dry summers (maj to wrzesien)
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja new Fundamental Law promulgated by Pope JOHN PAUL II on 26 listopad 2000, effective 22 luty 2001 (replaces the first Fundamental Law of 1929)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: The Holy See (State of the Vatican City)

conventional short form: Watykan

local long form: Santa Sede (Stato della Citta del Vaticano)

local short form: Santa Sede (Citta del Vaticano)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Mary Ann GLENDON

embassy: Villa Domiziana, Via delle Terme Deciane 26, 00153 Rome

mailing address: PSC 59, Box 66, APO AE 09624

telephone: [39] (06) 4674-3428

FAX: [39] (06) 575-8346
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Apostolic Nuncio Archbishop Pietro SAMBI

chancery: 3339 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 333-7121

FAX: [1] (202) 337-4036
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomia This unique, noncommercial economy is supported financially by an annual contribution (known as Peter's Pence) from Roman Catholic dioceses throughout the world; by the sale of postage stamps, coins, medals, and tourist mementos; by fees dla admission to museums; and by the sale of publications. Investments and real estate income also account dla a sizable portion of revenue. The incomes and living standards of lay workers are comparable to those of counterparts who work w the city of Rome.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - import NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by Wlochy
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: unnamed location 19 m

highest point: unnamed location 75 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Klimat Change

signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution, Environmental Modification
Grupy etniczne Italians, Swiss, other
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Pope BENEDICT XVI (since 19 kwiecien 2005)

head of government: Secretary of State Cardinal Tarcisio BERTONE (since 15 wrzesien 2006)

cabinet: Pontifical Commission dla the State of Vatican City appointed by the pope

elections: pope elected dla life by the College of Cardinals; election last held 19 kwiecien 2005 (next to be held after the death of the current pope); secretary of state appointed by the pope

election results: Joseph RATZINGER elected Pope BENEDICT XVI
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two vertical bands of yellow (hoist side) and white z the arms of the Holy See, consisting of the crossed keys of Saint Peter surmounted by the three-tiered papal tiara, centered w the white band
Koordynaty geograficzne 41 54 N, 12 27 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; enclave w Rome, Wlochy; world's smallest state; beyond the territorial boundary of Vatican City, the Lateran Treaty of 1929 grants the Holy See extraterritorial authority over 23 sites w Rome and five outside of Rome, including the Pontifical Palace at Castel Gandolfo (the Pope's summer residence)
Import NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by Wlochy
Niepodleglosc 11 luty 1929 (from Wlochy); note - the three treaties signed z Wlochy on 11 luty 1929 acknowledged, among other things, the full sovereignty of the Vatican and established its territorial extent; however, the origin of the Papal States, which over the years have varied considerably w extent, may be traced back to the 8th century
Przemysl printing; production of coins, medals, postage stamps; a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CE (observer), CPLP (associate), IAEA, IOM (observer), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, NAM (guest), OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, UN (observer), UNCTAD, UNHCR, Union Latina (observer), UNWTO (observer), UPU, WIPO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny 0 sq km
Sadownictwo there are three tribunals responsible dla civil and criminal matters within Vatican City; three other tribunals rule on issues pertaining to the Holy See

note: judicial duties were established by the Motu Proprio of Pope PIUS XII on 1 maj 1946
Sila robocza NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki note: essentially services z a small amount of industry; nearly all dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and the approximately 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican
Granica total: 3.2 km

border countries: Wlochy 3.2 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (urban area) (2005)
Jezyki Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
System prawny based on Code of Canon Law and revisions to it
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Pontifical Commission dla the State of Vatican City
Pismienni definition: NA

total population: 100%

male: 100%

female: 100%
Lokalizacja Southern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Wlochy)
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Wlochy; ceremonial and limited security duties performed by Pontifical Swiss Guard
Wojsko Pontifical Swiss Guard (Corpo della Guardia Svizzera Pontificia)
Swieto narodowe Coronation Day of Pope BENEDICT XVI, 24 kwiecien (2005)
Narodowosc noun: none

adjective: none
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne none
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none (exclusive of influence exercised by church officers)
Ludnosc 821 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 3, shortwave 2 (2004)
Religie Roman Catholic
Prawo wyborcze limited to cardinals less than 80 years old
System telefoniczny general assessment: automatic digital exchange

domestic: connected via fiber optic cable to Telecom Italia network

international: country code - 39; uses Italian system
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 5,120 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu urban; low hill
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